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Highly Urbanized City
Mandaue skyline
Mandaue skyline
Official seal of Mandaue
Nickname(s): Furniture Capital of the Philippines
Industrial Capital of Southern Philippines
Motto: Mandaue ng Bililhon
Map of Central Visayas with Mandaue highlighted
Map of Central Visayas with Mandaue highlighted
Mandaue is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 10°20′N 123°56′E / 10.33°N 123.93°E / 10.33; 123.93Coordinates: 10°20′N 123°56′E / 10.33°N 123.93°E / 10.33; 123.93
Country Philippines
Region Central Visayas (Region VII)
Province Central Visayas
District 6th District of Cebu
12th–16th century
 • Town
 • Municipality
 • City
30 August 1969
Barangay 27 (see § Barangays)
 • Type Sangguniang Panlungsod
 • Mayor Jonas Cortes (LP)
 • Vice mayor Glen Bercede
 • City Council
 • Total 34.87 km2 (13.46 sq mi)
Highest elevation 100 m (300 ft)
Population (2010 census)[3]
 • Total 331,320
 • Density 9,500/km2 (25,000/sq mi)
 • Voter (2013) [4] 186,244
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 6014
IDD : area code +63 (0)32
Income class 1st class
PSGC 072230000
Ecclesiastical province Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Cebu
Patron Saint Saint Joseph
Diocesan Head Adelito Abella

Mandaue, officially the City of Mandaue (Cebuano: Dakbayan sa Mandaue; Filipino: Lungsod ng Mandaue) and often referred to as Mandaue City, is a first income class highly urbanized city in the province of Cebu, Philippines. It is one of three highly urbanized cities on the island and forms a part of the Cebu Metropolitan area.[5] Mandaue City is located on the central-eastern coastal region of Cebu, bordering its west side are Mactan Island where Lapu-Lapu City is located. Mandaue is connected to Mactan Island via two bridges: the Mactan-Mandaue Bridge and Marcelo Fernan Bridge,[6] and is bounded south and the west by the provincial capital, Cebu City, and north by Consolacion, to which it is linked by the Cansaga Bay Bridge. The city has an area of 2,518 ha (6,220 acres). According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 331,320.[3] In the 2013 election, it had 186,244 registered voters.[4]

Mandaue City is part of the Sixth District of Cebu joined with the municipalities of Consolacion and Cordova. Although qualified for a lone district since 1991, this was neglected by lawmakers. Mandaue is an independent highly urbanized city but is legislatively administered with the supervision of the provincial government.


A community was established in Mandaue by a flourishing group of Austronesian people. The Venetian chronicler Antonio Pigafetta wrote of a settlement called Mandani which existed in the area with a chieftain named Apo Noan[7] then a few decades later another ruler named Lam Busan.[8]

Mandaue natives were forced into a town as decreed by the Spanish authorities. This may have started off as a mission village (which included present day Consolacion, Liloan and Poro) serving as a bulwark for the church in the northern Cebu and was managed by the Jesuit in 1638 then a century later by the Recollects.[9]

The Philippine revolution in 1898 gave the town a new form of administration in accordance with the organic decree of the Central Revolutionary Government. The short-lived revolution was overthrown by the American Troops and a battle nearly destroyed the town in 1901, killing Presidente Benito Ceniza.[10]

Mandaue became independent from being an American Commonwealth and a Japanese garrison on July 4, 1946 along with the entire nation. Mandaue became a chartered city on June 21, 1969. The city was recognized as a HUC (Highly Urbanized City) in 1991.[11]


The city has a total area of 34.87 km2 (13.46 sq mi). According to the 2010 census, the population density is 9,500/km2 (24,600/sq mi).

Land utilization
Category Land Area
ha acres
Industrial 1,695 4,188 51.4%   
Residential 872 2,155 26.5%   
Agricultural 283 699 8.6%   
Commercial 242 598 7.3%   
Roads 120 297 3.6%   
Institutional 60 148 1.8%   
Parks 24 59 0.7%   
Industrial: 1,695 (51.4%) Residential: 872 (26.5%) Agricultural: 283 (8.6%) Commercial: 242 (7.3%) Roads: 120 (3.6%) Institutional: 60 (1.8%) Parks: 24 (0.7%)Circle frame.svg

The city is the 6th smallest government unit in terms of land area; among the Metro Cebu local government units the city is the second smallest next to the municipality of Cordova in the island of Mactan. The city's land area is only 4.5% of the total land area of Metro Cebu and less than 1% of the total land of the province of Cebu.

The ongoing North Reclamation Project, now known as the North Special Administrative Zone, currently has about 180 ha (440 acres) reclaimed land. Of the 180 hectares, about 36 ha (89 acres) belong to the city. The existing mangrove area will be retained as a Marine habitat, part of the area's parks and open spaces.

It is one of the two (the other one being the municipality of Consolacion) local government units located within the mainland Metro Cebu where the elevation of land is less than 100 m (330 ft).

Many of the areas of the city are extremely flat. About 77.37% is within the 0-8% slope category. Barangays belonging to this region are Centro, Looc, South Special Administrative Zone, Cambaro, Opao, Umapad, Paknaan, Alang-alang, Tipolo, Ibabao, Guizo, Subangdaku, Mantuyong, Maguikay and Tabok. The greater portion of the city, comprising about 70%, is dominated by the Mandaue Clay Loam soil series. This is found in the 0-2% and 2-5% slope ranges. Faraon clay loam characterizes the rest of the land with slope range from 5-8% and up to 25-40%.[12]


Aerial photo of Mandaue in the eastern part and Lapu-Lapu in the west

Mandaue comprises 27 barangays.[2]

PSGC Barangays Population
072230001 Alang-alang 12,475
072230002 Bakilid 5,027
072230003 Banilad 22,297
072230004 Basak 7,858
072230005 Cabancalan 12,202
072230006 Cambaro 8,082
072230007 Canduman 17,100
072230008 Casili 3,743
072230009 Casuntingan 13,217
072230010 Centro (Pob.) 3,236
072230011 Cubacub 8,255
072230012 Guizo 8,554
072230013 Ibabao-Estancia 8,641
072230014 Jagobiao 12,227
072230015 Labogon 19,175
072230016 Looc 14,438
072230017 Maguikay 17,782
072230018 Mantuyong 5,869
072230019 Opao 9,907
072230020 Pakna-an 22,957
072230021 Pagsabungan 16,838
072230022 Subangdaku 20,333
072230023 Tabok 15,709
072230024 Tawason 4,891
072230025 Tingub 5,780
072230026 Tipolo 17,273
072230027 Umapad 17,454


Population census of Mandaue
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1970 58,579 —    
1980 110,043 +6.52%
1990 180,285 +5.06%
1995 194,745 +1.46%
2000 259,728 +6.37%
2007 318,577 +2.86%
2010 331,320 +1.44%

Buzeta & Bravo (1850) showed that the oldest written accounts of Mandaue came from a population of 11,034 in 1637 to 1638. During the first year of its township in 1899, Mandaue had 42 barrios with a population of 21,086. When Mandaue was a second class municipality in 1964 its population was 33,811.[13]

According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 331,320, which is an increase of 71592. Mandaue has a significantly large population at or below the poverty line.[14]

In the 2013 election, it had 186,244 registered voters, meaning that 56% of the population are aged 18 and over.[4]


Many major products[clarification needed] are produced in Mandaue.


A procession like this of the Senor Sto. Nino will parade to the National Shrine on the Translacion

Mandaue's point of interests, destinations, and attractions include:

Natural areas
  • Monkey Caves
  • Cansaga Bay
  • Butuanon River
  • Casili Hills
  • Jagobiao Spring
  • Cabancalan-Banilad Sinkholes
  • Mahiga River
Historical locations
  • Museums
  • 856 G Gallery
  • Luis Cabrera Ancestral House and Museum
  • Mandaue City Public Library
  • Quijano Museum
  • Parks
  • City Plaza
  • Bridge Park
  • Garden Centre
  • Sports
  • Wireless Plaza and Sports Complex
  • Mandaue City Sports and Cultural Complex
  • Mandaue Tennis Complex
  • Portside Badminton Plaza
  • Quick Points Badminton Club
  • Aboitiz Sports Field
  • San Roque Football Club
  • Sacred Heart- Ateneo de Cebu Sports Complex
  • Cebu Golf Academy
  • AA Barbecue Restaurant & Golf Driving Range


Pasyon sa Mandaue was an event celebrated in the early 1970s to commemorate Jesus Christ's Passion and Death.

Mandaue Fiesta:Celebrated on May 8 in honor of the patron St. Joseph. There are a lot of events that occur in this feast like the inter-barangay sports competition, Queen Prince and Princess coronation, rodeos, street festival, bailes, fairs and many more.[citation needed]

Panagtagbo: Translacion (Gathering of the Holy Family), coincidentally the patrons of Cebu are Santo Niño and Birhen sa Guadelupe, Saint Joseph in Mandaue City. This is celebrated every January when the three statues meet in the national shrine of Saint Joseph often called the Translacion where a fluvial procession follows. There are singing and dancing competitions and street dancing that happen during the Bibingkahan in honor of the Sto. Niño.[citation needed]

Kabayo Festival: The Kabayo (Horse) festival also known as Governor's Cup is a horse racing and different equestrian sports with the western way of riding event held annually in the second week of February.[citation needed]

Pasigarbo sa Sugbo: It is an event that is held annually in Mandaue City, Cebu International Convention Center every August 13 which shows Cebu's culture and different festivals, it is a fiesta of colorful costumes and elaborate props as dancers from 42 towns and cities from all over Cebu compete which ends with a fireworks display.[citation needed]



Mandaue has many restaurants which cater to gourmets and international cuisines like Italian, Japanese, Indian, Mediterranean, Lebanese, Arabic, Russian, Korean, Mexican, and Western cuisines. A variety of restaurants also serves meals of local cuisine.

Many famous Cebuano meals like the lechon[17] or inasal, eaten with achara or pickled vegetables. The sugba or barbecue of either isda (fish), baboy (pork), manok (chicken) or baka (beef) is found all over Mandaue eaten with the puso a diamond-shaped hanged rice covered in coco leaves. Kinilaw[18] is raw meat usually pork or fish drenched in vinegar and salt. The buwad or dried seafood either fish or squid can be pungent with a crunchy and chewy texture. There are some exotic meals you can find like the dinugoan or pig's blood which is eaten like a soup. Barbecued chicken feet are liked by many locals. Original cuisine in Mandaue includes the bibingka which is steamed rice cakes mixed with coconut and sometimes egg. Binangos paired with rice is made of ground up corn with Bolinao fish. This dish is found only in Mandaue; other delicacies includes the tagaktak, the seasonal buriring fish (stewed with iba) and the famous masareal.


Philippine Jeepney

Mandaue City's road network is composed of a national highway which connects the city to its neighboring cities and municipalities, and a national secondary road which traverses the city's metropolitan area. The total length of the city road network (paved and unpaved) and the four bridges, is about 133.7 km (83.1 mi), broken down into:

  • National road - 13.2 km (8.2 mi)
  • City road - 57.1 km (35.5 mi)
  • Barangay road - 63.4 km (39.4 mi)

Road density is 5.31 km/km2 (8.55 mi/sq mi) of land. In terms of population, road density is 0.04 km (0.025 mi) per one thousand inhabitants.

Land transportation is being served by PUJ, utility vehicles, mini-buses, multi-cabs, tricycles, trisikads and for cargoes, trailers and vans. Sea transport of Mandaue is highly dependent on Port of Cebu and Cebu International Port, because of the city's proximity to these facilities. Likewise, air transport is through the Mactan International Airport which has direct international flights to Hong Kong, Singapore, Japan, China, Palau, Malaysia, Taiwan, Qatar, South Korea as well as key Philippine cities, via the two Mandaue-Mactan bridges.[19]


University of Cebu Lapu-Lapu Mandaue.

Schools in Mandaue City follow a system of 6 years for primary education and 6 years for secondary education. There are technical schools like TESDA in Banilad and Looc and othe private institutions that provide certificate degrees. Associate degree, Baccalaureate Degrees, Master's and Doctoral programs are available in specific Universities.

Mandaue has institutionalized learning with the Cabahug Medal which was started on 1923 by Sotero Cabahug as a medal of academic excellence annually. The Mandaue Fraternal Society was also created in the early part of the 19th century to provide a community for the professionals during the time when Mandaue was still a sleepy town.

Cebu's part-time Japanese school, the Cebu Japanese School (CJS; セブ補習授業校 Sebu Hoshū Jugyō Kō), is located on the fifth floor of the Clotilde Commercial Center in Barangay Casuntingan, Mandaue City.[20]

Twin cities[edit]


  1. ^ "City". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 30 May 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Municipal: Mandaue". PSA. Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 8 January 2016. 
  3. ^ a b "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 1 April 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c "2013 National and Local Elections Statistics" (PDF). Commission on Elections. 2015. 
  5. ^ "The brilliance of Mandaue City". Mandaue City. 
  6. ^ "Mandaue–Mactan Bridges I and II". Mandaue City. STS designs. 
  7. ^ To America and Around the World: The Logs of Christopher Columbus and of ... Antonio Pigafetta, Raleigh Ashlin Skelton (Branden Publishing Co.). 
  8. ^ Magellan's voyage: a narrative of the first circumnavigation. Antonio Pigafetta/ Adolph Caso (Yale University). 
  9. ^ "Mandaue". 
  10. ^ Mojares 1999.
  11. ^ "History". Mandaue City. Mandaue city government. 
  12. ^ "Land Use". Mandaue City. Mandaue city government. 
  13. ^ "MANDAUE CITY: POPULATION TO REACH HALF A MILLION IN 2011". Census. Philippine Census. 
  14. ^ "Population". Mandaue City. Mandaue city government. 
  15. ^ Cebu Daily News 2015.
  16. ^ "Other Landmarks". Tourism. The City of Mandaue. Retrieved 2008-04-22. 
  17. ^ "lechon". 
  18. ^ "Sugba Tuwa Kilaw". 
  19. ^
  20. ^ Home page. Cebu Japanese School. Retrieved on April 2, 2015. "5th /F Clotilde Commercial CenterM.L. Quezon St., Casuntingan, Mandaue City 6014 Philippines"
  21. ^ "Mandaue City officials fly to Romania for sister-city deal". The Manila Bulletin Newspaper Online. Manila Bulletin Publishing Corporation. Retrieved 2012-06-22. 
  22. ^ "Mandaue, Mosul sign sister-city agreement". Official Website of Mandaue City. The City of Mandaue. Retrieved 2012-06-21. 


  • Buzeta, Fr Manuel & Bravo, Fr Felipe, eds. (1850). Diccionario, geografico, estadistico, historico de las Islas Filipinas (2 vols) (in Spanish). Madrid. 

External links[edit]