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Highly Urbanized City
Mandaue skyline
Mandaue skyline
Official seal of Mandaue
  • Furniture Capital of the Philippines
  • Industrial Capital of Southern Philippines
Motto: Mandaue ng Bililhon
Map of Cebu Province with Mandaue highlighted
Map of Cebu Province with Mandaue highlighted
Mandaue is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 10°20′N 123°56′E / 10.33°N 123.93°E / 10.33; 123.93Coordinates: 10°20′N 123°56′E / 10.33°N 123.93°E / 10.33; 123.93
Country Philippines
Region Central Visayas (Region VII)
Province Cebu (geographically only)
District 6th District of Cebu
12th-16th century
 - Town 1599
 - Municipality 1899
 - City 30 August 1969
Barangay 27 (see § Barangays)
 • Type Sangguniang Panlungsod
 • Mayor Jonas Cortes (LP)
 • Vice Mayor Glen Bercede (LP)
 • Council
 • Total 34.87 km2 (13.46 sq mi)
Highest elevation 100 m (300 ft)
Population (2010 census)[3]
 • Total 331,320
 • Density 9,500/km2 (25,000/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 6014
IDD:area code +63 (0)32
Income class 1st
PSGC 072230000
Ecclesiastical Province Archdiocese of Cebu
Patron Saint Saint Joseph
Diocesan Head Adelito Abella

Mandaue, officially the City of Mandaue (Cebuano: Dakbayan sa Mandaue, Filipino: Lungsod ng Mandaue) and often referred to as Mandaue City, is a city in the province of Cebu Province in the Philippines. It is one of three highly urbanized cities on the island and forms a part of the Cebu Metropolitan area.[4] Mandaue City is located on the central-eastern coastal region of Cebu, bordering its right-side are Mactan Island where Lapu-Lapu City is located. Mandaue is connected to Mactan Island via two bridges: the Mactan-Mandaue Bridge and Marcelo Fernan Bridge,[5] and is bounded south and the west by the provincial capital, Cebu City, and north by Consolacion, to which it is linked by the Cansaga Bay Bridge. The city has an area of 2,518 hectares (6,220 acres). According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 331,320.[2][3]

Mandaue City is part of the Sixth District of Cebu joined with the municipalities of Consolacion and Cordova. Although qualified for a lone district since 1991, this was neglected by lawmakers. Mandaue is a highly urbanized city but is administered with the supervision of the provincial government.


A community was established in Mandaue by a flourishing group of Austronesian people. The Venetian chronicler Antonio Pigafetta wrote of a settlement called Mandani which existed in the area with a chieftain named Apo Noan[6] then a few decades later another ruler named Lam Busan.[7] Mandaue natives were forced into a town as decreed by the Spanish authorities. This may have started off as a mission village (which included present day Consolacion, Liloan and Poro) serving as a bulwark for the church in the northern Cebu and was managed by the Jesuit in 1638 then a century later by the Recollects.[8] The Philippine revolution in 1898 gave the town a new form of administration in accordance with the organic decree of the Central Revolutionary Government. The short-lived revolution was overthrown by the American Troops and a battle nearly destroyed the town in 1901, killing Presidente Benito Ceniza.[9]

Mandaue became independent from being an American Commonwealth and a Japanese Garrison on July 4, 1946 along with the entire nation. Mandaue became a chartered city on June 21, 1969 by Mayor Demetrio Cortes Sr. The city was recognized as a HUC (Highly Urbanised City) in 1991.[10]


The city has a total land area of 3,487 hectares (34.87 km2; 13.46 sq mi). According to the 2010 census, the population density is 13,000/km2 (34,000/sq mi).

Land utilisation
Category Land Area
ha acres
Industrial 1,695 4,190
Residential 872 2,150
Agricultural 283 700
Commercial 242 600
Roads 120 300
Institutional 60 150
Parks 24 59
Industrial: 1,695 (51.4%) Residential: 872 (26.5%) Agricultural: 283 (8.6%) Commercial: 242 (7.3%) Roads: 120 (3.6%) Institutional: 60 (1.8%) Parks: 24 (0.7%)Circle frame.svg
  •   Industrial: 1,695 (51.4%)
  •   Residential: 872 (26.5%)
  •   Agricultural: 283 (8.6%)
  •   Commercial: 242 (7.3%)
  •   Roads: 120 (3.6%)
  •   Institutional: 60 (1.8%)
  •   Parks: 24 (0.7%)
Metro Cebu, Mandaue in the eastern part and Lapu-Lapu in the west

The city is the 6th smallest government unit in terms of land area; among the Metro Cebu local government units the city is the second smallest next to the municipality of Cordova in the island of Mactan. The city's land area is only 4.5% of the total land area of Metro Cebu and less than 1% of the total land area of the Province of Cebu.

The ongoing North Reclamation Project, now known as the North Special Administrative Zone, currently has about 180 hectares (440 acres) reclaimed land. Of the 180 hectares, about 36 hectares (89 acres) belong to the city. The existing mangrove area will be retained as a Marine habitat, part of the area's parks and open spaces.

It is one of the two (the other one being the municipality of Consolacion) local government units located within the mainland Metro Cebu where the elevation of land is less than 100 metres (330 ft).

Many of the areas of the city are extremely flat. About 77.37% is within the 0-8% slope category. Barangays belonging to this region are Centro, Looc, South Special Administrative Zone, Cambaro, Opao, Umapad, Paknaan, Alang-alang, Tipolo, Ibabao, Guizo, Subangdaku, Mantuyong, Maguikay and Tabok. The greater portion of the city, comprising about 70%, is dominated by the Mandaue Clay Loam soil series. This is found in the 0-2% and 2-5% slope ranges. Faraon clay loam characterizes the rest of the land with slope range from 5-8% and up to 25-40%.[11]


Mandaue comprises 27 barangays.[2]


Population census of Mandaue
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1970 58,579 —    
1980 110,043 +6.52%
1990 180,285 +5.06%
1995 194,745 +1.46%
2000 259,728 +6.37%
2007 318,577 +2.86%
2010 331,320 +1.44%

Oldest accounts of Mandaue's population written in Bosetta and Bravo's Diccionario between 1637 to 1638 was 11,034. During the first year of its township in 1899, Mandaue had 42 barrios with a population of 21,086. When Mandaue was a second class municipality in 1964 its population was 33,811.[12] According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 331,320, which is an increase of 71592. Mandaue has a significantly large population at or below the poverty line.[13]


Philippine Jeepney

Mandaue City's road network is composed of a national highway which connects the city to its neighboring cities and municipalities, and a national secondary road which traverses the city's metropolitan area. The total length of the city road network (paved and unpaved) and the four bridges, is about 133.68 kilometres (83.06 mi), broken down into:

  • National road - 13.16 kilometres (8.18 mi)
  • City road - 57.10 kilometres (35.48 mi)
  • Barangay road - 63.42 kilometres (39.41 mi)

Road density is 5.31 km per square kilometre of land. In terms of population, road density is 0.04 km per one thousand inhabitants.

Land transportation is being served by PUJ, utility vehicles, mini-buses, multi-cabs, tricycles, trisikads and for cargoes, trailers and vans. Sea transport of Mandaue is highly dependent on Port of Cebu and Cebu International Port, because of the city's proximity to these facilities. Likewise, air transport is through the Mactan International Airport which has direct international flights to Hong Kong, Singapore, Japan, China, Palau, Malaysia, Taiwan, Qatar, South Korea as well as key Philippine cities, via the two Mandaue-Mactan bridges.[14]


Schools in Mandaue City follow a system of 6 years for primary education and 6 years for secondary education. There are technical schools like TESDA in Banilad and Looc and othe private institutions that provide certificate degrees. Associate degree, Baccalaureate Degrees, Master's and Doctoral programs are available in specific Universities.

Mandaue has institutionalized learning with the Cabahug Medal which was started on 1923 by Sr. Sotero Cabahug as a medla of academic excellence annually. The Mandaue Fraternal Society was also created in the early part of the 19th century to provide a community for the professionals during the time when Mandaue was still a sleepy town.

Cebu Doctors' University in Mandaue City. 
Sacred Heart School - Ateneo de Cebu 
University of Cebu Lapu-Lapu Mandaue. 
Labogon National High School 

Cebu's part-time Japanese school, the Cebu Japanese School (CJS; セブ補習授業校 Sebu Hoshū Jugyō Kō), is located on the fifth floor of the Clotilde Commercial Center in Barangay Casuntingan, Mandaue City.[15]


Many major products are produced in Mandaue.

Tourism and Culture[edit]

Pasyon sa Mandaue was an event celebrated in the early 1970s to commemorate Jesus Christ's Passion and Death. Everyone was rumored to have been in constumes even the spectators

Mandaue's point of interests, destinations, and attractions include:

  • Natural areas
    • Monkey Caves
    • Cansaga Bay
    • Butuanon River
    • Casili Hills
    • Jagobiao Spring
    • Cabancalan-Banilad Sinkholes
    • Mahiga River
  • Historical locations
  • Museums
    • 856 G Gallery
    • Luis Cabrera Ancestral House and Museum
    • Mandaue City Public Library
    • Quijano Museum
  • Parks
    • City Plaza
    • Bridge Park
    • Garden Centre
  • Sports
    • Wireless Plaza and Sports Complex
    • Mandaue City Sports and Cultural Complex
    • Mandaue Tennis Complex
    • Portside Badminton Plaza
    • Quick Points Badminton Club
    • Aboitiz Sports Field
    • San Roque Football Club
    • Sacred Heart- Ateneo de Cebu Sports Complex
    • Cebu Golf Academy
    • AA Barbecue Restaurant & Golf Driving Range


A procession like this of the Senor Sto. Nino will parade to the National Shrine on the Translacion

Mandaue Fiesta:Celebrated on May 8 in honor of the patron St. Joseph. There are a lot of events that occur in this feast like the inter-barangay sports competition, Queen Prince and Princess coronation, rodeos, street festival, bailes, fairs and many more.

Panagtagbo: Translacion (Gathering of the Holy Family), coincidentally the patrons of Cebu are Santo Niño and Birhen sa Guadelupe, Saint Joseph in Mandaue City. This is celebrated every January when the three statues meet in the national shrine of Saint Joseph often called the Translacion where a fluvial procession follows. There are singing and dancing competitions and street dancing that happen during the Bibingkahan in honor of the Sto. Niño.

Comparsa sa Mandaue : A theater dance competition that showcases Mandaue's rich cultural heritage was only celebrated in 2010 on the month of August.

Mantawi Festival : an event where tribal dances are accompanied by different beats and is played by a brass instead of the usual drum and trumpet Mantawi Festival is every May 7.[18] this is now defunct.

Miss Mandaue: A beauty pageant, that searches for a young woman who will serve as an ambassadress of goodwill and represent the people of Mandaue City in various functions and gatherings in the community; the male counterpart is Mr Mandaue which happens only on occasion.[19]

Kabayo Festival: The Kabayo (Horse) festival also known as Governor's Cup is a horse racing and different equestrianistic sports with the western way of riding event held annually in the second week of February.

Pasigarbo sa Sugbo: It is an event that is held annually in Mandaue City, Cebu International Convention Center every August 13 which shows Cebu's culture and different festivals, it is a fiesta of colorful costumes and elaborate props as dancers from 42 towns and cities from all over Cebu compete which ends with a fireworks display.

Sinulog sa Mandaue: Now defunct, Similar to the Sinulog of Cebu City but still celebrates the hubo of the Sto Nino under the Mandaue Sinulog Foundation.

Passion: A revival of the Passion and Death of Christ it was active in the 1973-1975. Most of the spectators wore costumes to make it look realistic.


Mandaue has several gay bar and LGBT friendly establishment. Homosexuals and Transgender women have been instrumental in Mandaue's politics and culture. The first rainbow lane in Asia was done in Barangay Subangdauku in January 2015. On, February 2015 the Mandaue City Council had a first reading on the LGBT Code, which will be a comprehensive local ordinance to protect and give various programs to the LGBT on the ground of health, education, employment et al. June 15, 2015 is the tentative date for the public hearing and second reading.

Mandaue Gay Pageant The pioneer in trans. pageantry in the country, started in 1972 it took the name of Ms. Gay International patterned after the Ms Universe pageant. It is called gay because there are cross-dressers involved that are homosexual although politically it should be considered a transgender pageant but historically Ms Gay was always synonymous with the Bayot or a local term that describes an effeminate gay man or transgender woman.



Mandaue has many restaurants which cater to gourmets and international cuisines like Italian, Japanese, Indian, Mediterranean, Lebanese, Arabic, Russian, Korean, Mexican, and Western cuisines. A variety of restaurants also serves meals of local cuisine.

Many famous Cebuano meals like the lechon[20] or inasal, eaten with achara or pickled vegetables. The sugba or barbecue of either isda (fish), baboy (pork), manok (chicken) or baka (beef) is found all over Mandaue eaten with the puso a diamond-shaped hangged rice covered in coco leaves. Kinilaw[21] is raw meat usually pork or fish drenched in vinegar and salt. The buwad or dried seafood either fish or squid can be pungent with a crunchy and chewy texture. There are some exotic meals you can find like the dinugoan or pig's blood which is eaten like a soup. Barbecued chicken feet are liked by many locals. Original cuisine in Mandaue includes the bibingka[22] which is steamed rice cakes mixed with coconut and sometimes egg. Binangos paired with rice is made of ground up corn with Bolinao fish. This dish is found only in Mandaue; other delicacies includes the tagaktak, the seasonal buriring fish (stewed with iba) and the famous masareal[citation needed]

Twin cities[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Cities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 8 April 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c "Province: Cebu". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 8 April 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 8 April 2013. 
  4. ^ "The brilliance of Mandaue City". Mandaue City. 
  5. ^ "Mandaue–Mactan Bridges I and II". Mandaue City. STS designs. 
  6. ^ To America and Around the World: The Logs of Christopher Columbus and of ... Antonio Pigafetta, Raleigh Ashlin Skelton (Branden Publishing Co.). 
  7. ^ Magellan's voyage: a narrative of the first circumnavigation. Antonio Pigafetta/ Adolph Caso (Yale University). 
  8. ^ "Mandaue". 
  9. ^ Mojares, Resil B. The war against the Americans: resistance and collaboration in Cebu. Ateneo de Manila Press. 
  10. ^ "History". Mandaue City. Mandaue city government. 
  11. ^ "Land Use". Mandaue City. Mandaue city government. 
  12. ^ "MANDAUE CITY: POPULATION TO REACH HALF A MILLION IN 2011". Census. Philippine Census. 
  13. ^ "Population". Mandaue City. Mandaue city government. 
  14. ^
  15. ^ Home page. Cebu Japanese School. Retrieved on April 2, 2015. "5th /F Clotilde Commercial CenterM.L. Quezon St., Casuntingan, Mandaue City 6014 Philippines"
  16. ^ Mendoza, Norman V. (23 January 2015). "Rainbow lane in Mandaue". Cebu Daily News. Archived from the original on 15 April 2015. 
  17. ^ "Other Landmarks". Tourism. The City of Mandaue. Retrieved 2008-04-22. 
  18. ^ "Mantawi... A Festival of History". Tourism. The City of Mandaue. Retrieved 2008-04-22. 
  19. ^ "Miss Mandaue". Fiesta Committee. The City of Mandaue. 
  20. ^ "lechon". 
  21. ^ "Sugba Tuwa Kilaw". 
  22. ^ "Mandaue's Native Bibingka". cebudailynews. 
  23. ^ "Mandaue City officials fly to Romania for sister-city deal". The Manila Bulletin Newspaper Online. Manila Bulletin Publishing Corporation. Retrieved 2012-06-22. 
  24. ^ "Mandaue, Mosul sign sister-city agreement". Official Website of Mandaue City. The City of Mandaue. Retrieved 2012-06-21. 

External links[edit]