|Location||Vilakazi Street, Orlando West, Soweto, Johannesburg|
|Type||Johannesburg's historical heritage|
The Nelson Mandela National Museum, commonly referred to as Mandela House, is the house on Vilakazi Street, Orlando West, Soweto, South Africa, where Nelson Mandela lived from 1946 to 1962. It is located at number 8115, at the corner of Vilakazi and Ngakane streets, a short distance up the road from Tutu House, the home of Archbishop Emeritus Desmond Tutu.
Mandela donated the house to the Soweto Heritage Trust (of which he was the founder) on 1 September 1997, to be run as a museum.
The house is a single-story red-brick matchbox built in 1945. It has bullet holes in the walls and the facade has scorch marks from attacks with Molotov cocktails. The inside hosts some original furnishings and memorabilia including photographs, citations given to Nelson Mandela, and the world championship belt given to Mandela by Sugar Ray Leonard.
As of 2009, the property includes a visitors' centre and a small museum.
In 1999, Soweto was the 16th most popular place for tourists to South Africa to visit, and that was partly ascribed to the opening of Mandela House in December 1997.
Mandela came back to the house after his release from prison in 1990, despite suggestions from government officials that he find a safer home. At a rally welcoming him home to Soweto his opening words were, "I have come home at last." However, after 11 days back at the house he moved out again.
He later wrote in his autobiography:
That night I returned with Winnie to No. 8115 in Orlando West. It was only then that I knew in my heart I had left prison. For me No. 8115 was the centre point of my world, the place marked with an X in my mental geography.
In 2007, the Soweto Heritage Trust determined that Mandela House was in serious need of attention. Among the concerns were the physical condition of the house and its contents, the lack of any visitor facilities, the lack of training of the guides and the lack of a consistent message. There were also no formally researched exhibition content and displays.
Accordingly, in June 2008 the Trust's deed was amended to focus more exclusively on Mandela House. A new visitor centre was commissioned, restoration work was authorised, a highly qualified curator was appointed, and re-training of staff was scheduled. The building was closed to the public in April 2008 and construction work commenced on 18 July 2008.
It was re-opened to the public on 19 March 2009.
Nearby places of interest
- "Mandela museum house reopens". The Times. Retrieved 21 March 2009.[permanent dead link]
- "Big facelift for Mandela home". The Citizen. Retrieved 21 March 2009.[permanent dead link]
- "Museum opens at Mandela's Soweto home". Associated Press (via Google). Retrieved 15 March 2009.
- "Mandela House opens in Soweto". Joburg.org.za. Retrieved 21 March 2009.
- Fisher, Ian (24 September 1999). "Soweto Journal; Where Apartheid Ruled, Tourists Are Swarming". The New York Times. Retrieved 15 March 2009.
- Burns, John F. (15 February 1990). "Mandela's Day: Exercise and Uproar". The New York Times. Retrieved 15 March 2009.
- "Mandela's home now the nation's heritage". The Star. Retrieved 21 March 2009.
- Mandela, Nelson (1995). Long Walk to Freedom. South Africa: Macdonald Purnell. pp. 630. ISBN 0-316-87496-5.
- "Mandela's house gets facelift". The Star. Retrieved 15 March 2009.
- "Mandela home opened as museum". Independent Online. Retrieved 21 March 2009.
- Cox, Anna (20 January 2014). "Squatters occupy Mandela mansion". IOLnews. Retrieved 19 June 2014.