Mandelbox

In mathematics, the mandelbox is a fractal with a boxlike shape found by Tom Lowe in 2010. It is defined in a similar way to the famous Mandelbrot set as the values of a parameter such that the origin does not escape to infinity under iteration of certain geometrical transformations. The mandelbox is defined as a map of continuous Julia sets, but, unlike the Mandelbrot set, can be defined in any number of dimensions.. It is typically drawn in three dimensions for illustrative purposes.

Generation

The iteration applies to vector z as follows:

function iterate(z):
for each component in z:
if component > 1:
component := 2 - component
else if component < -1:
component := -2 - component

if magnitude of z < 0.5:
z := z * 4
else if magnitude of z < 1:
z := z / (magnitude of z)^2

z := scale * z + c

Here, c is the constant being tested, and scale is a real number.

Properties

A notable property of the mandelbox, particularly for scale -1.5, is that it contains approximations of many well known fractals within it.

For 1<|scale|<2 the mandelbox contains a solid core. Consequently its fractal dimension is 3, or n when generalised to n dimensions.

For scale < -1 the mandelbox sides have length 4 and for 1 < scale <= 4n+1 they have length 4(scale+1)/(scale-1)