Mandelbox

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A three-dimensional Mandelbox fractal of scale 2.
A "scale-2" Mandelbox
A three-dimensional Mandelbox fractal of scale 3.
A "scale-3" Mandelbox

In mathematics, the mandelbox is a fractal with a boxlike shape found by Tom Lowe in 2010. It is defined in a similar way to the famous Mandelbrot set as the values of a parameter such that the origin does not escape to infinity under iteration of certain geometrical transformations. The mandelbox is defined as a map of continuous Julia sets, but, unlike the Mandelbrot set, can be defined in any number of dimensions[1]. It is typically drawn in three dimensions for illustrative purposes.[2]

Simple definition[edit]

The simple definition of the mandelbox is, for a vector z, for each component in z (which corresponds to a dimension), if the absolute value of the component is greater than 1, subtract it from either 2 or −2, depending on the z.

Generation[edit]

The iteration applies to vector z as follows:

function iterate(z):
    for each component in z:
        if component > 1:
            component := 2 - component
        else if component < -1:
            component := -2 - component

    if magnitude of z < 0.5:
        z := z * 4
    else if magnitude of z < 1:
        z := z / (magnitude of z)^2
   
    z := scale * z + c

Here, c is the constant being tested, and scale is a real number.[2]

Properties[edit]

A notable property of the mandelbox, particularly for scale −1.5, is that it contains approximations of many well known fractals within it.[3][4][5]

For the mandelbox contains a solid core. Consequently, its fractal dimension is 3, or n when generalised to n dimensions.[6]

For the mandelbox sides have length 4 and for they have length .[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lowe, Tom. "What Is A Mandelbox?". Archived from the original on 8 October 2016. Retrieved 15 November 2016.
  2. ^ a b Leys, Jos (27 May 2010). "Mandelbox. Images des Mathématiques" (in French). French National Centre for Scientific Research. Retrieved 18 December 2019.
  3. ^ "Negative 1.5 Mandelbox – Mandelbox". sites.google.com.
  4. ^ "More negatives – Mandelbox". sites.google.com.
  5. ^ "Patterns of Visual Math – Mandelbox, tglad, Amazing Box". February 13, 2011. Archived from the original on February 13, 2011.
  6. ^ a b Chen, Rudi. "The Mandelbox Set".

External links[edit]