Mandela's nudibranch

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Mandela's nudibranch
Mandelia mirocornata
Mandelia mirocornata.jpg
A close-up of an individual of Mandela mirocornata showing gill rosette
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Heterobranchia

clade Euthyneura
clade Nudipleura
clade Nudibranchia
clade Euctenidiacea
clade Doridacea

Superfamily: Phyllidioidea
Family: Mandeliidae
Genus: Mandelia
Valdés & Gosliner, 1999
Species: M. mirocornata
Binomial name
Mandelia mirocornata
Valdés & Gosliner, 1999

Mandela's nudibranch, Mandelia mirocornata, is a species of sea slug, a dorid nudibranch. It is a marine gastropod mollusc, the only member of the genus Mandelia and the family Mandeliidae. The genus and family name honor Nelson Mandela, the former President of South Africa.[1]


This species has so far only been found around the southern African coast from the Atlantic coast of the Cape Peninsula[2] to Port Elizabeth in 10-400 m of water. It is probably endemic.[3]


The unusual oblong rhinophores of Mandela's nudibranch

Mandela's nudibranch has a bumpy dirty white to brown skin. It has black spots scattered over the notum. Its gills and rhinophores are large and creamy-coloured. The rhinophores are perfoliate, but are oblong rather than round. The animal may also have irregular brown stripes rather than spots on the notum, radiating out to the margins. It may reach a total length of 70 mm.[4]


This species feeds on sponges.


  1. ^ Valdés À. & Gosliner T. M. (1999). "Phylogeny of the radula-less dorids (Mollusca, Nudibranchia), with the description of a new genus and a new family". Zoologica Scripta 28: 315-360. doi:10.1046/j.1463-6409.1999.00014.x.
  2. ^ Biodiversity Explorer Website, Accessed 23 August 2009
  3. ^ GOSLINER, T.M. 1987. Nudibranchs of Southern Africa ISBN 0-930118-13-8
  4. ^ ZSILAVECZ, G. 2007. Nudibranchs of the Cape Peninsula and False Bay. ISBN 0-620-38054-3

External links[edit]

Mandeliamirocornata at nudipixel [1]