Mandera

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Mandera
Mandheera
City
Mandera is located in Kenya
Mandera
Mandera
Location in Kenya.
Coordinates: 03°55′N 41°50′E / 3.917°N 41.833°E / 3.917; 41.833Coordinates: 03°55′N 41°50′E / 3.917°N 41.833°E / 3.917; 41.833
Country Kenya
CountyMandera
Population (1999)
 • Total30,433
 [1]
Time zoneUTC+3 (EAT)

Mandera (Somali: Mandheera) is the capital of Mandera County in the former North Eastern Province of Kenya. It is situated at around 3°55′N 41°50′E / 3.917°N 41.833°E / 3.917; 41.833, near the borders with Somalia and Ethiopia.

Districts[edit]

Mandera is the capital of the Mandera District.[2]

As a whole, it used to constitute one district, which was divided into three smaller constituencies; namely, Mandera East, Mandera Central and Mandera West. However, Kenyan President Mwai Kibaki in 2007 ordered the creation of two more districts: Mandera Central Mandera West Lafey, Mandera north and Banisa. This brought the total number of local districts to six.

The town occupies an area of 26,744 km².[2]

History[edit]

Demographics[edit]

As with the other areas of the North Eastern Province, Mandera is predominantly inhabited by ethnic Somalis with the Garre tribe as majority in the county. Other well represented communities in the larger mandera county are Degodia, Murulle and other smaller tribes known as corner tribes( Marehan,sharmoge,leysan,waraabeye,rer aw xasan,shabelle and Gabaween )

Climate[edit]

Mandera
Climate chart (explanation)
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
1
 
 
35
23
 
 
4
 
 
36
25
 
 
24
 
 
36
26
 
 
83
 
 
35
26
 
 
24
 
 
33
25
 
 
0
 
 
32
24
 
 
0
 
 
32
23
 
 
1
 
 
33
23
 
 
2
 
 
34
24
 
 
43
 
 
34
24
 
 
36
 
 
34
24
 
 
9
 
 
35
23
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm

Mandera's climate is categorized as arid under the Köppen climate classification. Temperatures tend to be hot throughout the year. Daily temperatures are typically above 30 °C (86 °F), while at night, they can fall to 20 °C (68 °F). Precipitation is extremely low, with the area receiving a minimal amount of rain. Droughts are not unusual, often resulting in significant loss of livestock in rural areas where pastoralism is common.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://treasury.go.ke/cbs.go.ke/pdf/authority.pdf[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ a b Districts of Kenya
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-03-29. Retrieved 2010-07-10.

External links[edit]

See also[edit]

  • Mandera triangle for the border region disputed between Kenya, Somalia and Ethiopia, centered on the city of Mandera