|Time zone||EAT (UTC+3)|
As a whole, it used to constitute one district, which was divided into three smaller constituencies; namely, Mandera East, Mandera Central and Mandera West. However, Kenyan President Mwai Kibaki in 2007 ordered the creation of two more districts: Mandera Central Mandera West Lafey, Mandera north and Banisa. This brought the total number of local districts to six.
The town occupies an area of 26,744 km².
As with the other areas of the North Eastern Province, Mandera is predominantly inhabited by ethnic Somalis.
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Mandera's climate is categorized as arid under the Köppen climate classification. Temperatures tend to be hot throughout the year. Daily temperatures are typically above 30 °C (86 °F), while at night, they can fall to 20 °C (68 °F). Precipitation is extremely low, with the area receiving a very minimal amount of rain. Droughts are not unusual, often resulting in significant loss of livestock in rural areas where pastoralism is common.