Mandera triangle

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The Mandera triangle is a geographical region in Eastern Africa where the countries of Kenya, Ethiopia, and Somalia meet.[1] The tri-border region is centered on the city of Mandera in Mandera County and corresponds with the Juba and Shabelle river basins.[2][3]

The residents of the area are mainly ethnic Somalis.[4] Pastoralists routinely move across the various borders while seeking water and pasture for their herds.[5] Experiencing large-scale violence as a result of the civil strife in Somalia, engagements between the Ethiopian military and Somali insurgents, inter-clan warfare, livestock raids between rival herders, targeted attacks, and frequent banditry, the United States Department of State has labeled the area "one of the most conflict-prone areas in the world".[2] It has been reported that weapons shipments from Yemen arrive in Somalia, then make their way across the Mandera triangle prior to being moved across the rest of the African continent.[1]

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  1. ^ a b Ward, Olivia (March 1, 2009). "Somalia a land of chaos, awash in weapons". Toronto Star. Retrieved August 28, 2009. 
  2. ^ a b U.S. Department of State, Humanitarian Information Unit. WebVISTA Prototype 1: Greater Mandera Triangle Conflict Incident Vista. Retrieved August 28, 2009.
  3. ^ Library of Congress Map Collection. Retrieved August 28, 2009.
  4. ^ Human Rights Watch. Bring the Gun or You'll Die: Torture, Rape, and Other Serious Human Rights Violations by Kenyan Security Forces in the Mandera Triangle. June 29, 2009. Retrieved August 28, 2009.
  5. ^ USAID/East Africa. Regional Enhanced Livelihood in Pastoral Areas (RELPA) Retrieved August 28, 2009.

Coordinates: 3°55′N 41°50′E / 3.917°N 41.833°E / 3.917; 41.833