Mandevilla

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Mandevilla
Mandevilla sanderi red 1.jpg
Mandevilla sanderi
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Apocynaceae
Subfamily: Apocynoideae
Tribe: Mesechiteae
Genus: Mandevilla
Lindl.[1]
Synonyms

Amblyanthera Müll.Arg.
Dipladenia A.DC.
Eriadenia Miers
Laseguea A.DC.
Macrosiphonia Müll.Arg.
Mitozus Miers
Salpinctes Woodson[1][2]

Mandevilla /ˌmændɪˈvɪlə/[3] is a genus of tropical and subtropical flowering vines belonging to the family Apocynaceae. It was first described as a genus in 1840.[4] A common name is rocktrumpet.[5]

Mandevilla species are native to the Southwestern United States,[5] Mexico, Central America, the West Indies, and South America. Many originate from the Serra dos Órgãos forests in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The genus was named after Henry Mandeville (1773-1861), a British diplomat and gardener.[6]

Cultivation and uses[edit]

Mandevillas develop spectacular, often fragrant flowers in warm climates.[7] The flowers come in a variety of colours, including white, pink, yellow, and red. Many hybrids have been developed, mainly deriving from M.×amabilis, M. splendens, and M. sanderi.[8] As climbers, Mandevillas can be trained against a wall or trellis to provide a leafy green and often flowering picture of beauty. They have a tendency to attract insects like mealybugs and scales.

While Mandevilla scabra is sometimes used as an additive to the psychedelic drink Ayahuasca, there is no evidence that it is psychoactive in its own right. It is, however, considered to be toxic.[9]

The hybrid cultivars Mandevilla × amabilis 'Alice du pont' and Sundaville Cream Pink='Sunparapibra' [10] have won the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[11]

Species[edit]

Accepted species[12]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Genus: Mandevilla Lindl". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2003-03-14. Retrieved 2010-11-26.
  2. ^ "Mandevilla". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. 2011. Retrieved 2012-12-14.
  3. ^ Sunset Western Garden Book, 1995:606–607
  4. ^ Lindley, John. 1840. Edwards's Botanical Register 26: pl. 7.
  5. ^ a b "Mandevilla Lindl". PLANTS Database. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2012-12-14.
  6. ^ "Botanica. The Illustrated AZ of over 10000 garden plants and how to cultivate them", p 562. Könemann, 2004. ISBN 3-8331-1253-0
  7. ^ Kluepfel, Marjan. "Mandevilla". Home and Garden Information Center. Clemson Cooperative Extension. Retrieved 2012-12-14.
  8. ^ Armitage, Allan M. (2011). Armitage's Vines and Climbers: A Gardener's Guide to the Best Vertical Plants. Timber Press. p. 136. ISBN 9781604692891.
  9. ^ "Poisonous Plants of North Carolina," Dr. Alice B. Russell, Department of Horticultural Science; In collaboration with: Dr. James W. Hardin, Department of Botany; Dr. Larry Grand, Department of Plant Pathology; and Dr. Angela Fraser, Department of Family and Consumer Sciences; North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service, North Carolina State University.
  10. ^ "Mandevilla Sundaville Cream Pink= 'Sunparapibra'". RHS. Retrieved 6 January 2021.
  11. ^ "Mandevilla × ambilis 'Alice du Pont'". RHS. Retrieved 6 January 2021.
  12. ^ Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families

External links[edit]