Mandi Bahauddin

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Mandi Bahauddin

منڈی بہاءالدین

M.B.Din
Mandi bahaudin
Old Rasul Barrage.jpg
Mandi Bahauddin (35001616).jpeg
Mandi Bahauddin is located in Punjab, Pakistan
Mandi Bahauddin
Mandi Bahauddin
Location within Pakistan
Mandi Bahauddin is located in Pakistan
Mandi Bahauddin
Mandi Bahauddin
Mandi Bahauddin (Pakistan)
Coordinates: 32°34′47″N 73°28′53″E / 32.57972°N 73.48139°E / 32.57972; 73.48139Coordinates: 32°34′47″N 73°28′53″E / 32.57972°N 73.48139°E / 32.57972; 73.48139
Country Pakistan
ProvincePunjab, Pakistan Punjab
DivisionGujranwala
DistrictMandi Bahauddin
Established1506 AD
NA/PP2/5 N.A (85,86) P.P(65,66,67,68)
No. of Towns
Government
 • TypeMunicipal Committee
 • Union Councils27
Area
 • Total2,673 km2 (1,032 sq mi)
Elevation
204 m (669 ft)
Population
 • Total198,609
 • Rank41st, Pakistan
 • Density74/km2 (190/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Mandi Wala
Time zoneUTC+5 (PST)
Postal code
50400
Dialling code0546

Mandi Bahauddin (Punjabi and Urdu: منڈی بہاءالدین‎) is a city in central Punjab, Pakistan. It is also the capital of Mandi Bahauddin District. Mandi Bahauddin is the 41st largest city of Pakistan by population according to the 2017 census.. The city is some 220 metres above sea level and is located in central Punjab, between the rivers Jhelum (north 12 km) and Chenab (south 39 km).

History[edit]

Early history[edit]

The recorded history of Mandi Bahauddin goes back to the era before Common Era, connecting the region with the historic figure of Alexander the Great. Some 8 km northwest of the modern-day Mandi Bahauddin town, village Mong on the southern bank of Jhelum River (Greek Hydaspes), the battle Battle of the Hydaspes River was fought between Raja Porus (Sanskrit Paurava) and Alexander. This historic battle of Hydaspes River, which Indian sources refer to as the "Battle of Jhelum", took place in 326 BCE.[3] The kingdom of Raja Porus was situated in the northern Punjab of modern Pakistan. This battle proved the last major fight of Alexander's career, for the Macedonians, after being put up a fierce resistance by Porus' soldiery and having heard of a massive 4,000 elephant force mustered by eastern kingdoms, refused to march further east i.e. Ganges Plains.[4] The Sadar Gate built during the British era in 1933 is present here.

Administration[edit]

Mandi Bahauddin, the capital of the district, is also the Tehsil headquarters. Mandi Bahauddin was raised to the level of Municipal Committee in 1941. After the implementation of Punjab Local Government Ordinance 2001, it was given the status of Municipal Committee. Municipal Committee of Mandi Bahauddin Tehsil has 27 Union Councils.[5]

Demographics[edit]

As per the 1998 Census of Pakistan, the population of city was recorded as 99,496 while according to the 2017 Census of Pakistan, the population of city was risen to 198,609 with an increase of over 99.62% in 19 years.[2] The population of Mandi Bahauddin District was recorded as 1,593,292 according to the Census of 2017.[6]

Education[edit]

Following are the some of notable educational institutes in the city:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "MANDI BAHAUDDIN DISTRICT AT A GLANCE". census.gov.pk. Archived from the original on 27 December 2012.
  2. ^ a b "Ten major cities' population up by 74pc". Retrieved 6 September 2017.
  3. ^ Kaushik Roy, India's historic battles: from Alexander the great to Kargil, Delhi: Permanent Black, 2004, p.11
  4. ^ Ruth Sheppard, Alexander the Great at War: His Army – His Battles – His Enemies, Oxford: Osprey Publishing, 2008, p.206
  5. ^ Tehsils & Unions in the District of Mandi Bahauddin – Government of Pakistan Archived 22 September 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ "DISTRICT WISE CENSUS RESULTS CENSUS 2017" (PDF). www.pbscensus.gov.pk. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 August 2017. Retrieved 3 September 2017.