Mandi Bahauddin

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Mandi Bahauddin
منڈی بهاؤالدین
City
Mandi Bahauddin is located in Pakistan
Mandi Bahauddin
Mandi Bahauddin
Location within Pakistan
Coordinates: 32°35′N 73°30′E / 32.583°N 73.500°E / 32.583; 73.500Coordinates: 32°35′N 73°30′E / 32.583°N 73.500°E / 32.583; 73.500
Country Pakistan
Province Punjab
District Mandi Bahauddin District
Established 1506 AD
NA/PP 2/5 N.A (108,109) P.P(116,117,118,119,120)
No. of Towns
Government
 • Type City District
 • Union Councils 27
Area[1]
 • Total 7,623 km2 (2,943 sq mi)
Elevation 204 m (669 ft)
Population (2015)[2]
 • Total 400,000
 • Density 52/km2 (140/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Bahauddinian
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
Postal code 50400
Dialling code 0546

Mandi Bahauddin (Punjabi, Urdu: منڈی بهاؤالدین‎) is a city in central Punjab, Pakistan.It is also the capital of Mandi Bahauddin District. The city is some 220 metres above the sea level and is located in central Punjab, between the rivers Jhelum (north 12 km) and Chenab (south 39 km).

Administration[edit]

Tehsil Map of Mandi Bahauddin

Mandi Bahauddin, the capital of the district, is also the Tehsil headquarters. Mandi Bahauddin Tehsil has 27 Union Administrations / Union Councils.[3]

History[edit]

Early history[edit]

The recorded history of Mandi Bahauddin goes back to the era before Common Era, connecting the region with the historic figure of Alexander the Great. Some 8 km northwest of the modern-day Mandi Bahauddin town, village Mong on the southern bank of Jhelum River (Greek Hydaspes), the battle Battle of the Hydaspes River was fought between Raja Porus (Sanskrit Paurava) and Alexander. This historic battle of Hydaspes River, which Indian sources refer to as the "Battle of Jhelum", took place in 326 BCE.[4] The kingdom of Raja Porus was situated in the northern Punjab of modern Pakistan. This battle proved the last major fight of Alexander's career, for the Macedonians, after being put up a fierce resistance by Porus' soldiery and having heard of a massive 4,000 elephant force mustered by eastern kingdoms, refused to march further east i.e. Ganges Plains.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.census.gov.pk/PUNJAB/MANDI%20BAHAUDDIN.htm
  2. ^ http://www.pbs.gov.pk/sites/default/files//tables/POPULATION%20SIZE%20AND%20GROWTH%20OF%20MAJOR%20CITIES.pdf
  3. ^ Tehsils & Unions in the District of Mandi Bahauddin – Government of Pakistan
  4. ^ Kaushik Roy, India's historic battles: from Alexander the great to Kargil, Delhi: Permanent Black, 2004, p.11
  5. ^ Ruth Sheppard, Alexander the Great at War: His Army – His Battles – His Enemies, Oxford: Osprey Publishing, 2008, p.206