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Posterior view of a model of a human mandible, with the mandibular foramina highlighted in red.
Mandible. Inner surface. Side view. (Mandibular foramen visible at left.)
|Anatomical terms of bone|
The mandibular foramen is an opening on the internal surface of the ramus (posterior and perpendicularly oriented part of the mandible) for divisions of the mandibular nerve and blood vessels to pass through.
One branch of it, the inferior alveolar nerve as well as the inferior alveolar artery enter the foramen traveling through the body in the mandibular canal and exit at the mental foramen on the anterior mandible at which point the nerve is known as the mental nerve.
Structures of rim
There are two distinct anatomies to its rim.
- In the common form the rim is “V” shaped, with a groove separating the anterior and posterior parts.
- In the horizontal-oval form there is no groove, and the rim is horizontally oriented and oval in shape, the anterior and posterior parts connected.
- Anatomy photo:34:st-0211 at the SUNY Downstate Medical Center
- Photo at unc.edu
- cranialnerves at The Anatomy Lesson by Wesley Norman (Georgetown University) (V)
- Nicholson, Michael L. (1985). "A study of the position of the mandibular foramen in the adult human mandible". The Anatomical Record. 212 (1): 110–2. doi:10.1002/ar.1092120116. PMID 4073538.
- Hetson, George; Share, Jack; Frommer, Jack; Kronman, Joseph H. (1988). "Statistical evaluation of the position of the mandibular foramen". Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology. 65 (1): 32–4. doi:10.1016/0030-4220(88)90187-9. PMID 3422395.
- Smith, Fred H. (1978). "Evolutionary significance of the mandibular foramen area in neandertals". American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 48 (4): 523–31. doi:10.1002/ajpa.1330480412. PMID 96699.