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Temporal range: Cambrian–Recent
Bullant head detail.jpg
The mandibles of a bull ant
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Clade: Mandibulata

Mandibulata, termed "mandibulates", is a clade of arthropods that comprises the extant subphyla Myriapoda (millipedes and others), Crustacea and Hexapoda (insects and others). Mandibulata is currently believed to be the sister group of the clade Arachnomorpha, which comprises the rest of arthropods (Chelicerata and Trilobita). The mandibulates constitute the largest and most varied arthropod group.

The name "Mandibulata" refers to the mandibles or jaws, which are the characterizing feature of its member arthropods.

Molecular phylogenetic studies suggest that the living arthropods are related as shown in the cladogram below. Crustaceans do not form a monophyletic group as insects and other hexapods have evolved from within them.[1][2][3]


Pancrustacea (crustaceans and hexapods)

Myriapoda (centipedes, millipedes, and allies)

Chelicerata (sea spiders, horseshoe crabs, and arachnids)

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Jerome C. Regier; Jeffrey W. Shultz; Andreas Zwick; April Hussey; Bernard Ball; Regina Wetzer; Joel W. Martin; Clifford W. Cunningham (2010). "Arthropod relationships revealed by phylogenomic analysis of nuclear protein-coding sequences". Nature. 463 (7284): 1079–1083. Bibcode:2010Natur.463.1079R. doi:10.1038/nature08742. PMID 20147900. S2CID 4427443.
  2. ^ Björn M. von Reumont; Ronald A. Jenner; Matthew A. Wills; Emiliano Dell'Ampio; Günther Pass; Ingo Ebersberger; Benjamin Meyer; Stefan Koenemann; Thomas M. Iliffe; Alexandros Stamatakis; Oliver Niehuis; Karen Meusemann; Bernhard Misof (2011). "Pancrustacean phylogeny in the light of new phylogenomic data: support for Remipedia as the possible sister group of Hexapoda". Molecular Biology and Evolution. 29 (3): 1031–1045. doi:10.1093/molbev/msr270. PMID 22049065.
  3. ^ Omar Rota-Stabelli; Lahcen Campbell; Henner Brinkmann; Gregory D. Edgecombe; Stuart J. Longhorn; Kevin J. Peterson; Davide Pisani; Herve Philippe; Maximilian J. Telford (2011). "A congruent solution to arthropod phylogeny: phylogenomics, microRNAs and morphology support monophyletic Mandibulata". Proceedings of the Royal Society B. 278 (1703): 298–306. doi:10.1098/rspb.2010.0590. PMC 3013382. PMID 20702459.