Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Richard Fleischer|
|Produced by||Dino De Laurentiis|
|Screenplay by||Norman Wexler|
|Based on||Mandingo by
|Music by||Maurice Jarre
Hi Tide Harris
|Cinematography||Richard H. Kline|
|Edited by||Frank Bracht|
|Distributed by||Paramount Pictures|
Mandingo is an American motion picture released by Paramount Pictures in 1975.
It is based on the novel Mandingo by Kyle Onstott, and on the play Mandingo by Jack Kirkland (which is derived from the novel). The film was directed by Richard Fleischer and starred James Mason, Susan George, Perry King, and boxer-turned-actor Ken Norton. It was widely derided when released, although some reviews are positive. It was followed by a sequel in 1976, titled Drum, which also starred Norton.
The movie is set in the Deep South of the United States prior to the American Civil War. Falconhurst is a run-down plantation owned by widower Warren Maxwell (James Mason) and largely run by his son, Hammond (Perry King). Hammond and a friend go to a brothel where both men choose to have sex with virgin black women. Hammond chooses Ellen (Brenda Sykes). Hammond and Ellen watch as Hammond's friend abuses and rapes his choice, claiming that she likes it. Hammond asks Ellen if this is true, and she says no. Hammond then gently has sexual intercourse with Ellen.
Warren Maxwell pressures him to marry, so Hammond chooses Blanche (Susan George). A social climber and sexually promiscuous, Blanche had been having an affair with her cousin. On their wedding night, Blanche's sexual skill and enjoyment of recreational sex convinces Hammond that she is not a virgin—a claim Blanche denies. Hammond returns to the brothel and purchases Ellen as his slave. Hammond makes Ellen a house slave and takes her on trips with him. He also has sexual relations with Ellen, and in time comes to care for her.
Meanwhile, Hammond purchases a Mandingo slave named Ganymede (Ken Norton). Nicknamed "Mede", the slave works for Hammond as a prize-fighter. He's forced to soak in a large cauldron of very hot water to toughen his skin. Hammond also breeds Mede with female slaves on his plantation. Hammond makes a great deal of money betting on Mede's fights, while Mede fathers many healthy babies with the slave women he's told to have sex with.
Rejected by Hammond, Blanche becomes a slovenly alcoholic who does nothing all day long. While Hammond is on a business trip alone, Blanche discovers Ellen is pregnant. Correctly assuming the baby is Hammond's, Blanche beats Ellen. Ellen flees, falls down some stairs, and miscarries. Hammond (who had promised Ellen that her baby would be freed), returns to Falconhurst and discovers Ellen lost the baby. Ellen does not tell him how she miscarried, fearful that she will be beaten again by Blanche if she tells Hammond about her beating and fall. A grieving Hammond gives Ellen a pair of ruby and diamond earrings, which she wears while serving an evening meal. Hammond gave the matching necklace to Blanche, who becomes enraged to find Ellen publicly favored by Hammond.
Hammond leaves on another business trip alone. A drunken Blanche demands that Mede come to her bedroom. Although the other slaves attempt to stop him, Mede does as he is ordered. Blanche demands that Mede have sex with her, but he refuses. Blanche then says she will accuse Mede of rape if he does not have sex with her, so he spends the night having sex with her. Blanche's sexuality is re-awakened by Mede, whom she finds exceptionally well-endowed, and she has sex with him several more times.
Hammond returns to the plantation. A great deal of time has passed since Hammond and Blanche's marriage, and Warren Maxwell is eager for a grandchild. Sensing that the marriage is troubled, Warren locks Hammond and Blanche in a room together and refuses to let them out until they reconcile. They appear to do so. A short time later, Blanche announces she is pregnant. But when the baby is born, it is clear the child is a mulatto. To avoid a scandal, the child is killed on doctor's orders. Sickened at Blanche's sexual indiscretion, Hammond asks the doctor if he has the poison he uses on old slaves and horses. He pours the poison into a toddy for Blanche. An outraged Hammond seeks out Mede, intending to kill him. As Hammond attempts to force Mede into a boiling cauldron of water, Mede tries to tell him that Blanche blackmailed him into having sex. Hammond shoots Mede twice with shotgun and the second hit throws Mede into the boiling cauldron of water. Hammond uses a pitchfork to drown Mede. In a fit of fury, one of Warren's slaves picks up the shotgun and aims it at Hammond. When Warren calls him a "crazy nigger" and demands that he put the gun down, the slave aims at, shoots, and kills Warren. As the man runs away, Hammond kneels helpless next to Warren's lifeless body.
- James Mason as Warren Maxwell
- Susan George as Blanche Maxwell
- Perry King as Hammond Maxwell
- Richard Ward as Agamemnon
- Brenda Sykes as Ellen
- Ken Norton as Mede
- Lillian Hayman as Lucrezia Borgia
- Ji-Tu Cumbuka as Cicero
- Paul Benedict as Brownlee
- Ben Masters as Charles
- Debbi Morgan as Dite
Producer Ralphe Serpe said during filming that the movie was:
A human, sociological story that's going to bring about a better understanding between the races... We're faithful to the story of the book but not the spirit. I mean, the book's hackwork, isn't it? It's almost repulsive. A lot of people have read it, but they read it for the wrong reasons. It's really a story of love. We had the script rewritten three times.... I hated that ending in the book where the guy boils the slave down and pours the soup over his wife's grave. I mean, we have the slave boiled but we cut out the part where he pours the soup on his grave. He just... pull away. And we know that tomorrow there's going to be a lot of trouble. It's really a very beautiful ending.
Charlton Heston turned down the role of the father and the role of his son was rejected by Timothy Bottoms, Jan Michael Vincent, Jeff Bridges and Beau Bridges. Boxer Ken Norton turned down a quarter million dollar gate to fight Jerry Quarry to make the film.
Upon its release in 1975, critical response was mixed although box office was strong. Roger Ebert despised the film, calling it "racist trash", and gave it a "zero star" rating. Richard Schickel of TIME found the film boring and cliché-ridden. Movie critic Robin Wood was enthusiastic about the film, calling it “the greatest film about race ever made in Hollywood.” In Leonard Maltin's annual publication Leonard Maltin's Movie Guide the film is ranked as a "BOMB" and dismissed with the word "Stinko!"
Some prominent critics hail the film, including the New York Times columnist Dave Kehr, who called it "a thinly veiled Holocaust film that spares none of its protagonists," further describing it as "Fleischer’s last great crime film, in which the role of the faceless killer is played by an entire social system."
Director Quentin Tarantino has cited Mandingo and Showgirls as the only two instances "in the last twenty years [that] a major studio made a full-on, gigantic, big-budget exploitation movie". In Django Unchained, Tarantino took the non-historical terminology of "Mandingo fighting" from the use of "a Mandingo" being a fine slave for breeding in the film.
Drum, the sequel to Mandingo, was released the following year. Released by United Artists, it was once again produced by Dino De Laurentiis. Ken Norton, Brenda Sykes, and Lillian Hayman were the only actors from the first film to return for the sequel. Norton and Sykes played different characters, and Hayman returned in the role of Lucretia Borgia. And Warren Oates took over for Perry King in the role of Hammond Maxwell. The story is set 15 years after the events of the first film.
- A Silk Purse Out of a Sow's Ear? Millar, Jeff. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 06 Apr 1975: m31.
- "Mandingo Movie Reviews, Pictures". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 2010-11-17.
- "Mandingo :: rogerebert.com :: Reviews". Rogerebert.suntimes.com. July 25, 1975. Retrieved 2010-11-17.
- Schickel, Richard."Cinema: Cold, Cold Ground", TIME, May 12, 1975.
- Wood, Robin (1998). Sexual Politics and Narrative Film: Hollywood and Beyond. Columbia University Press. p. 256. ISBN 0-231-07605-3.
- Kehr, Dave (February 17, 2008). "In a Corrupt World Where the Violent Bear It Away". The New York Times. Retrieved 2012-06-10.
- Udovitch, Mim (1998). "Mim Udovitch/1996". In Peary, Gerald. Quentin Tarantino: Interviews. Univ. Press of Mississippi. pp. 172–173. ISBN 1-57806-051-6.
- Daniel Bernardi The Persistence of Whiteness: Race and Contemporary ... – 2013 "For the purposes of breeding chattel, he must also buy a “Mandingo” buck, a male slave. In the film, a “Mandingo” represents the finest stock of slaves deemed most suitable for fighting and breeding."