Mandore

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Mandore
town
Mandore is located in Rajasthan
Mandore
Mandore
Mandore is located in India
Mandore
Mandore
Location in Rajasthan, India
Coordinates: 26°21′13″N 73°01′59″E / 26.3535°N 73.0331°E / 26.3535; 73.0331Coordinates: 26°21′13″N 73°01′59″E / 26.3535°N 73.0331°E / 26.3535; 73.0331
Country  India
State Rajasthan
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Nearest city Jodhpur
Lok Sabha constituency Jodhpur
Vidhan Sabha constituency Sardarpura

Mandore (Hindi: मंडोर), is a town located 9 km north of Jodhpur city, in the Indian state of Rajasthan.

History[edit]

Mandore is an ancient town, and was the seat of the Pratiharas of Mandavyapura, who ruled the region in the 6th century CE. The rulers of this dynasty probably became vassals of the imperial Gurjara-Pratiharas.[1] After the disintegration of the Gurjara-Pratihara empire, one branch of Pratiharas continued to rule at Mandore. In 1395 CE, a princess of this branch married Rao Chunda of Rathore clan. Rao Chunda received the Junagarh fort in Mandore in dowry, and moved his capital to the site. The town remained the Rathore capital until 1459 CE, when Rao Jodha shifted his capital to the newly founded city of Jodhpur.[2]

Rao Rinmal Rathore secured the throne of Mandore in 1427. In addition to ruling Mandore, Rao Rinmal also became the administrator of Mewar to assist Maharana Mokal (father of Rana Kumbha). After the assassination of Maharana Mokal in 1433, Rinmal continued as administrator of Mewar at the side of Rana Kumbha. In 1438, Rana Kumbha decided to end the power sharing arrangement and had Rao Rinmal assassinated in Chittor and captured Mandore. Rao Jodha, son of Rao Rinmal, escaped towards Marwar. Approximately 700 horsemen accompanied Rao Jodha as he escaped from Chittor. Fighting near Chittor and a valiant attempt to bar the pursuers at Someshwar Pass resulted in heavy losses amongst Jodha's warriors. When Jodha reached Mandore he had only seven people accompanying him. Jodha collected whatever forces he could, abandoned Mandore and pressed on towards Jangalu. Jodha barely managed to reach safety at Kahuni (a village near present day Bikaner). For 15 years Jodha tried in vain to recapture Mandore. Jodha's opportunity to strike finally came in 1453 with Rana Kumbha facing simultaneous attacks by the Sultans of Malwa and Gujarat. Jodha made a surprise attack on Mandore. Jodha's forces overwhelmed the defenders and captured Mandore with relative ease. Jodha and Kumbha eventually settled their differences in order to face their common enemies, the Muslim rulers of Malwa and Gujarat.

"Mantri Karam Chand Vanshavali Prabandh", written by Jaysom Uppadhyay, states that Bachhraj, also known as Vatsraj was not only a very religious person but a very brave and gallant warrior in Patan (Anilpura).  He is a descendant of Raja Sagar, a Deora Chauhan of Delwara. During mid-15th century, on being invited, Bachharaj submitted his services to the Chief of Mandore (later Jodhpur) Rao Jodha, where he was appointed Dewan as he was an able administrator and a strategist. Rao Jodha, then, for the first time, allowed Bachchraj and other Oswals to take part in commanding armies. A holy man sensibly advised Rao Jodha to move the capital to hilltop safety. The construction of the fort thus begun by Rao Jodha in 1459, under the supervision of Dewan Bachhraj and thus Jodhpur was founded. The fort was completed by Maharaja Jaswant Singh (1637–1680). The new fort was named Mehrangarh Fort and situated on a 125 m high hill, is among the most impressive and formidable forts in Rajasthan.        

Mandore was the capital of the erstwhile princely state of Marwar (Jodhpur State), before moving to Mehrangarh Fort in Jodhpur.[3]

Monuments[edit]

The Royal Cenotaph (Deval) At Mandore Garden. Photo by Dr. Chetan S. Parihar, July 2005.

The historic town boasts several monuments. The now ruined Mandore fort, with its thick walls and substantial size, was built in several stages and was once a fine piece of architecture. A huge, now ruined temple is a highlight of the fort. The outer wall of the temple depicts finely carved botanical designs, birds, animals and planets.[citation needed]

The Ek Thamba Mahal At Mandore Garden. Photo by Dr. Chetan S. Parihar, July 2005.

The 'Mandore gardens', with its charming collection of temples and memorials, and its high rock terraces, is another major attraction. The gardens house the Chhatris (cenotaphs) of many rulers of Jodhpur state. Prominent among them is the chhatri of Maharaja Ajit Singh, built in 1793.[3]

Ravan temple is another attraction at Mandore. It is believed to be the native place of Ravan's wife Mandodari. Ravan is treated as son in law among some local Brahmins.[4]

The Mandore Gardens also house a government museum, a 'Hall of Heroes' and a Hindu temple to 33 crore gods.[3] Various artefacts and statues found in the area are housed at the museum. The 'Hall of Heroes' commemorates popular folk heroes of the region. It contains 16 figures carved out of a single rock. Next door is a larger hall called "The temple of 33 crore gods" which houses images of various Hindu deities.[3]

Fairs and festivals[edit]

  • The Rao Festival
  • Hariyali Amavasya
  • Naag Panchami
  • Veerpuri Mela[5]
  • BhogiShell Parikrama

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Baij Nath Puri (1957). The history of the Gurjara-Pratihāras. Munshiram Manoharlal. p. 19. OCLC 2491084. 
  2. ^ Melia Belli Bose (2015). Royal Umbrellas of Stone: Memory, Politics, and Public Identity in Rajput ... BRILL. p. 139. ISBN 9789004300569. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Mandore Garden". Rajasthan Tourism. Retrieved 5 March 2015. 
  4. ^ Times Of India (14 October 2015). "Saluting the virtues of Ravan". Shailvee Sharda. Lucknow. Times Of India. Retrieved 14 October 2015. 
  5. ^ Premji (18 August 2015). "Jodhpur - Blue City of India". Andhra Telangana Vishesh. Retrieved 14 October 2015. 

External links[edit]

Mandore Garden