Mandovi River

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Mandovi River/Mahadayi
Goa Mandovi Bridge view from Ribandar 10-25-2008 6-14-02 PM.JPG
Mandovi Bridge view from Ribandar
Country India
State Goa, Karnataka
Source Bhimgad
 - location Karnataka,  India
 - location Arabian Sea,  India
Length 77 km (48 mi)
 - average 105 m3/s (3,708 cu ft/s) [1]
Mandovi River view on cloudy day in winter, Goa, India

The Mahadayi/Mandovi River (Mandovi, pronounced [maːɳɖ(ɔ)wĩː]), also known as Mahadayi or Mhadei river, is described as the lifeline of the Indian state of Goa. The river has a length of 77 kilometres (48 miles), 29 kilometres (18 miles) in Karnataka and 52 kilometres (32 miles) in Goa. It originates from a cluster of 30 springs at Bhimgad in the Western Ghats in the Belagavi district of Karnataka.[2] The river has a 2,032 km2 catchment area in Karnataka and a 1,580 km2 catchment area in Goa.[3] With its cerulean waters, Dudhsagar Falls and Varapoha Falls, it is also known as the Gomati in a few places. The Mandovi and the Zuari are the two primary rivers in the state of Goa.

The Mandovi enters Goa from the north via the Sattari Taluka in Goa and from Uttara Kannada District of Karnataka near the Castle Rock Rly. Stn. The Mandovi flows through Belagavi, Uttara Kannada in Karnataka and Cumbarjua, Divadi and Chodné in Goa, eventually pouring into the Arabian Sea. Mandovi joins with the Zuari at a common point at Cabo Aguada, forming the Mormugao harbour. Panaji, the state capital and Old Goa, the former capital of Goa, are both situated on the left bank of the Mandovi. The river Mapusa is a tributary of the Mandovi.

The Cumbarjuem Canal, which links both rivers, has made the interiors of the Mandovi accessible to ships carrying iron ore. Iron ore is Goa's prime mineral and it is mined in the eastern hills. Three large freshwater isles — Divar, Chorao and Vashee are present in the Mandovi near the town of Old Goa. The island of Chorão is home to the Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary, named after the renowned ornithologist Salim Ali. A regular ferry transports the inhabitants between the isles and the mainland.

Spanning across the Mandovi River near Panjim is the majestic Mandovi Bridge. The bridge collapsed in the 1980s before a new bridge was constructed to accommodate heavy transport vehicles. The Mandovi Bridge links the towns of Panjim to Porvorim. On 14 June 2014, the foundation stone for the third bridge, which would be the largest bridge in Goa, was laid by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. It will span 3 kilometres (1.9 miles) and will be 15 metres (49 feet) higher than the existing bridges and will be spaced in between the two.

During the winter months, the peak tourist season, special dusk cruises on the Mandovi - complete with serenading bands - add to the charm of the river.[4]

The sharing of the waters of this river is a cause of dispute between the governments of Karnataka and Goa. The Karnataka government proposes to divert some water from the Mahadayi river to the Malaprabha river basin as part of the Kalasa-Banduri Nala project, as approximately 200 tmc feet of water flows into the Arabian Sea now without being used for anything. The Mahadayi Water Tribunal has to decide on the sharing of this river's waters between Karnataka and Goa. There may be a dam built in Old Goa for allotment of water to the two states. Sharing justice may be 30:70.


  1. ^ Kumar, Rakesh; Singh, R.D.; Sharma, K.D. (2005-09-10). "Water Resources of India" (PDF). Current Science. Bengaluru: Current Science Association. 89 (5): 794–811. Retrieved 2013-10-13. 
  2. ^ "Mahadayi River". Retrieved 16 December 2014. 
  3. ^ "Turmoil over Mhadei River". Daijiworld. Retrieved 27 July 2013. 
  4. ^ "Oh!Mandovi". Navhind Times. Retrieved 2008-10-16. 

Coordinates: 15°30′12″N 73°50′28″E / 15.503373°N 73.841246°E / 15.503373; 73.841246