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Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Primates
Suborder: Haplorhini
Infraorder: Simiiformes
Family: Cercopithecidae
Tribe: Papionini
Genus: Mandrillus
Ritgen, 1824
Type species
Simia mormon & Simia maimon
Linnaeus, 1766 & Alstromer, 1766
( = Simia sphinx Linnaeus, 1758)

Mandrillus sphinx
Mandrillus leucophaeus

Mandrillus is the genus of the mandrill and its close relative the drill. These two species are closely related to the baboons, and until recently[when?] were lumped together as a single species of baboon. Both Mandrillus species have long furrows on either side of their elongated snouts. The adult male mandrill's furrows are blue, while the furrows of the drill are black. Both species are terrestrial, living on the ground of the rainforests and occasionally grasslands of Central Africa.

Extant species[edit]

Image Scientific name Common Name Distribution
北京动物园的山魈.jpg Mandrillus sphinx Mandrill southern Cameroon, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, and Congo
Drill (Mandrillus leucophaeus).jpg Mandrillus leucophaeus Drill Cross River State in Nigeria, southwestern Cameroon (south to the Sanaga River), and on Bioko Island, part of Equatorial Guinea


  • Groves, C.P. (2005). Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. (eds.). Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 165. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. OCLC 62265494.

External links[edit]