Mandurah railway line
|Mandurah railway line|
|Other name(s)||Mandurah Line|
|Type||Suburban rail/Rapid transit|
|Ridership||20.7 million (year to June 2015)|
|Opened||23 December 2007|
|Owner||Public Transport Authority|
|Line length||70.1 km (43.6 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)|
|Electrification||Overhead 25 kv AC|
The Mandurah railway line is a hybrid suburban rail/rapid transit railway line on the Transperth Trains network in Western Australia that runs from Perth south to the state's second largest city Mandurah. For part of its route, it traverses the median strip of the Kwinana Freeway.
Legislation for the construction of the Mandurah line passed in November 1999. The original proposed route branched from the Armadale line at Kenwick, and then ran alongside the Kwinana freight line until Jandakot where it would run in the median strip of the Kwinana Freeway.
However following a change in State Government, a bill passed that saw the route altered to start at Perth station, travel through a 1.6 km (0.99 mi) tunnel, traverse the Kwinana Freeway, and then continue along its initial route after Jandakot. This second route was much more direct, and allowed through services with the Joondalup line; however it was more costly.
This decision also led to the relocation of the Rockingham station from the city centre to the outer edge in order to offset the additional costs of the Perth section. The original route included tunnels to bring the railway into the Rockingham CBD. As a trade-off for relocating Rockingham station to the outer edge, the State Government promised a light rail link to the Rockingham CBD. This was later revised to a Central Area Transit style bus service partly within a dedicated busway. As part of the work the Narrows and Mount Henry Bridges were rebuilt.
Construction of the line started in February 2004. The contract for the line was awarded to a joint venture of John Holland, Macmahon Contractors and Multiplex. The contract for the city centre works, including the tunnels, was awarded to a joint venture of Leighton Contractors and Kumagai Gumi. The contractors used a tunnel boring machine manufactured by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries. The first tunnel was completed on 3 June 2006, and the second on 27 October 2006.
Between 2004 and 2006, the Leighton Kumagai Joint Venture was affected by a series of industrial disputes involving the Construction Forestry Mining and Energy Union. This culminated in the prosecution of 107 workers for taking illegal industrial action, by the Australian Building and Construction Commission. Prosecution of "the Perth 107" became a national and international cause célèbre, in part because it occurred as the Federal Government's industrial relations policy WorkChoices was taking place.
From 7 to 14 October 2007, a planned shutdown of the whole Fremantle line and partial closure of the Joondalup line between Perth and Leederville stations was undertaken to allow workers to connect the Mandurah line to the Joondalup line. On 15 October 2007, Perth Underground and Esplanade stations opened. On this day, the railway also carried its first passengers with the extension of Joondalup line services to Esplanade station.
On 9 November 2007, the first train crossed Narrows Bridge to Rockingham station, testing the new railway line at around 07:30 with a driver and a group of engineers. After the line testing completed, driver training was undertaken.
The line replaced bus services that previously travelled along the freeway to the city, which now terminate at Mandurah line stations. The exception is Canning Highway services, which stop at Canning Bridge station before continuing to the city.
Below is the annual patronage of Mandurah railway line from 2010–2011 financial year. Figures are provided as total boardings, which includes all fare-paying boardings and free travel on stations within the free transit zones as well as transfers between stations. The figures for rail replacement and special events services are not included in the total.
The section between the Perth Underground and Elizabeth Quay stations is considered to be part of both the Joondalup and Mandurah lines. Special event services (such as Australian Football League football games) terminate at West Leederville station on the Fremantle line. These services skip Esplanade/Elizabeth Quay and Perth on the Mandurah line as well as City West on the Fremantle line.
|Name of station||Code||Zone||Serving suburbs||Pattern stops at this station||Connections|
||MPH||1,||Perth, Northbridge||●||●||●||Through to Joondalup|
Platform transfer to Armadale / Thornlie, Fremantle & Midland lines
Transwa Australind service to Bunbury
Bus transfers at Perth Busport
|Elizabeth Quay||REE||1,||Perth||●||●||●||Through to Joondalup line|
Bus transfers at Elizabeth Quay Bus Station
|Canning Bridge||RCE||1||Applecross, Como||●||●||●||Bus transfers|
|Bull Creek||RBK||2||Bateman, Brentwood, Bull Creek||●||●||●||Bus transfers|
|Murdoch||RMU||2||Bateman, Bull Creek, Murdoch, Leeming||●||●||●||Bus transfers, CircleRoute|
TransWA coach services
|Cockburn Central||RCL||3||Jandakot, Atwell, Success, Cockburn Central||●||●||●||Bus transfers|
|Aubin Grove||RAG||3||Jandakot, Atwell, Success, Aubin Grove||●||●||Bus transfers|
|Kwinana||RKA||4||Bertram, Orelia, Parmelia, The Spectacles||●||●||Bus transfers|
|Wellard||RWD||4||Leda, Wellard||●||●||Bus transfers|
|Rockingham||RRM||5||Cooloongup, Hillman, Rockingham||●||●||Bus transfers|
|Warnbro||RWO||5||Warnbro, Waikiki||●||Bus transfers|
|Mandurah||RMH||7||Greenfields, Mandurah||●||Bus transfers, TransWA coach services|
Disused stopping patterns
As part of Metronet, an extension of the Thornlie line with stops at Nicholson Road and Ranford Road, will meet the Mandurah line at Cockburn Central. Construction will commence in 2019, and the extension will open in 2022.
- Way cleared for construction of SW Metropolitan Railway to Mandurah Minister for Transport 26 November 1999
- Perth to Mandurah Railway, Australia Railway Technology
- "City tunnel project completion announced". pta.wa.gov.au. 8 September 2007. Retrieved 30 July 2019.
- Gallop Government unveils vision for faster rail link to Mandurah Minister for Planning & Infrastructure 16 July 2001
- Bill signals go ahead for Rail Project Minister for Planning & Infrastructure 27 November 2002
- Railway (Perth to Janadakot) Act 2002 Government of Western Australia
- Incremental Launching Challenges on Mount Henry Bridge Wyche Consulting
- New Mount Henry Bridge opens to traffic Minister for Planning & Infrastructure 22 January 2006
- Contract signed for rail project’s 70km backbone Minister for Planning & Infrastructure 23 May 2004
- City section of New MetroRail Project signed Minister for Planning & Infrastructure 14 February 2004
- Brochure - Tunnel Boring Machine MetroRail
- Tunnel Boring Machine begins digging under Perth city Minister for Planning & Infrastructure 25 October 2005
- First of twin rail tunnels completed Public Transport Authority 4 June 2006
- Final breakthrough of CBD tunnel achieves engineering feat Minister for Planning & Infrastructure 27 October 2006
- Workers fined for walking off job Lawyers Weekly 20 July 2006
- Public Transport Authority (14 October 2007). "Perth's new underground railway stations ready for action". Retrieved 13 January 2008.
- Pemble, Louise (9 November 2007). "Perth to Mandurah railway line open soon". The Sunday Times.
- "1500 people take the first Perth to Mandurah train journey". Archived from the original on 24 December 2007. Retrieved 23 December 2007.
- All aboard as the new Perth to Mandurah Railway begins Minister for Planning & Infrastructure 23 December 2007
- Railway (Perth to Janadakot) Act 2002 Western Australian Government Gazette 21 December 2007 page 6377
- "Destination: Canning Bridge, Bull Creek and Murdoch". Retrieved 16 December 2007.
- Aubin Grove Station opens and changes to associated bus routes Transperth
- "Transperth patronage". Public Transport Authority. Retrieved 27 September 2014.
- West Leederville Station Fremantle Dockers
- "Western Australian budget backs rail projects". International Railway Journal. 11 September 2017.
- "Existing Station Changes fact sheet" (PDF). Metronet. Retrieved 29 July 2018.
Media related to Mandurah railway line at Wikimedia Commons