|• Additional official||English, Punjabi|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Planning agency||Haryana Urban Development Authority|
Its proximity to the burgeoning city of Gurgaon has in recent years caused its character and demographics to change dramatically. It has many factories, offices, hotels, IT parks and educational institutes. There are several sightseeing spots around the area, some overlapping with Gurgaon. Manesar is 32 kilometres (20 mi) from Indira Gandhi International Airport and is located on National Highway 48, making it well connected with Delhi, Rewari, Dharuhera, Jaipur, Ahmedabad and Mumbai.
Original Manesar village was a sleepy village of about 1000 dwellings on the Delhi-Jaipur highway, then numbered as NH-8. Since the late 1990s, it has been transformed into a boom town. Its growth has been helped by government's drive to move out factories from Delhi as well as booming of Gurgaon city and proximity to Delhi's Indira Gandhi International Airport (approximately 40 minutes). Farmers have become millionaire or multi-millionaires by selling their lands. A majority of them are living upscale lives.
Industrial Model Township, Manesar
Manesar is part of the Delhi–Mumbai Industrial Corridor Project (DMIC) on the Western Dedicated Freight Corridor (WDFC) and is also located in the influence zone of the Amritsar Delhi Kolkata Industrial Corridor (ADKIC) on the Eastern Dedicated Freight Corridor (EDFC).
Industrial Model Township, Manesar, (IMT Manesar) is a large industrial area that forms part of the DMIC. There are several large multinational companies, such as Maruti Suzuki, Jaquar, and Toshiba Eco City. Aadhar's national Data Center is also located here, and it also contains the Manesar Software Technology Park, which covers 170 acres (69 ha).
The Government of Haryana attempts to acquire additional land for expansion of the IMT development from 2011 led to numerous protests and legal challenges from farmers and other residents. These were resolved in 2014 when it bought a total of 688 acres (278 ha) from three villages (Manesar, Nakhrola and Naurangpur) at a price set by the Punjab and Haryana High Court.
Manesar-Gurugram land scam
On 17 September 2015, the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) registered a First Information Report under various sections of the Indian Penal Code relating to forgery, cheating and criminal conspiracy. These were in connection with alleged irregularities involving land acquisitions at IMT Manesar. Subsequently, in 2018, the former Haryana Chief Minister, Bhupinder Singh Hooda, together with real estate companies, officials of the state government's department of town and country planning and bureaucrats who worked with Hooda while he was Chief Minister were charged. The scam had allegedly resulted in a 15 billion INR loss to farmers in Manesar and the adjoining villages of Naurangpur and Lakhnoula whose land, amounting to 400 acres (160 ha), had been threatened with government purchase for "public purpose". Faced with the threat of government acquisition, farmers sold at knock-down prices, averaging 25 percent of market value, to real estate developers. The Hooda government then released the land from the acquisition threat, thus favouring the developers.
One of the beneficiary of the scam was Hooda's nephew, Sukhwinder, whose company was given change of land use (CLU) permission for 52 acres land on the same day the government acquisition process had lapsed for the want of release of funds, while at the same time CLU was denied to two other unrelated applicants.
The Supreme Court of India cancelled the acquisition and grant of land to the developers and directed the CBI to inquire further. The government was instructed to "recover every single pie". Court returned the land to Haryana government. Land would not be returned to the landholders more than the prevailing price. The builders will not be allowed to recover any money they paid to land owners as the deal was done to benefit them and "middlemen". The court said:
The acquisition process was withdrawn with fraudulent intentions after the land was purchased by the private builders in active connivance with state functionaries. The builders and private entities were aware that the acquisition would not go through. The entire acquisition proceedings were initiated with mala fide intention, illegally and in violation of the provisions of the Land Acquisition Act. It was not a mere bonanza or a deal, but denoted quid pro quo.
Proposal for new city
In 2018, the Chief Minister, Manohar Lal Khattar, announced a new city that would adjoin Gurgaon and incorporate an area from Manesar towards Rewari, and also the area around Pataudi. The new city is likely to be spread across at least 50,000 hectares, which is larger than Chandigarh (11,400 hectares) but smaller than Gurgaon (73,200 hectares).
Manesar lies on National Highway 48 and is served by local buses, and trains plying on this route. The nearest railway station is Ghari Harsaru and renowned station is Gurgaon.
The Heritage Transport Museum is situated on a 3 acres (1.2 ha) plot at Tauru Gurgaon, near Manesar. A built-up area of over 90,000 sq ft (8,400 m2) spread over four floors houses the exhibition galleries, library and reference centre, conference rooms, mini auditorium, the museum shop, and a restaurant facility.
Some of the industrial units functioning in Manesar are:
- Riello Power India Pvt Ltd
- Alcatel-Lucent India Ltd
- Alere Inc.
- Baxter India
- BorgWarner Emission Systems
- Denso Haryana
- Hero Motors Ltd
- Honda Motorcycle & Scooters India (HMSI)
- Johnson Matthey
- Keysight Technologies
- Mankind Pharma
- Maruti Suzuki Metal
- Samsung Telecommunications
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