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Manfred Ewald (right) and Waldemar Cierpinski, 1980
May 17, 1926|
Podejuch, Germany (now part of Szczecin, Poland)
|Died||October 21, 2002
Manfred Ewald (May 17, 1926 – October 21, 2002) served as German Democratic Republic's (GDR) minister of sport (1961–1988) and president of his country's Olympic committee (1973–1990). However, he is best known for his role as the architect of the state-sponsored system of using illicit performance-enhancing drugs to turn East Germany into an Olympic powerhouse between 1972 and 1988.
He was captured by the Red army in 1944.
On July 18, 2000, in Berlin, both Ewald and Dr. Manfred Hoeppner, who served as East Germany's top sports doctor, were convicted of being accessories to "intentional bodily harm of athletes, including minors." Both received probation. During the trial Dr. Hoeppner testified that they had approval from the highest level of the government of East Germany. Ewald had earlier defended his role in sports doping in his 1994 book Ich war der Sport.
As President of the National Olympic Committee of East Germany, in 1985 he authored a letter to the IOC for the 90th IOC session being held in East Berlin that year. He is also the author of Ich war der Sport (1994), wherein he defended his role in sports doping.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-07-05. Retrieved 2015-07-05.
- Olympic Order (23rd IOA Session)
- The (London) Independent
- Britannica Online Encyclopedia
- The Guardian UK
- The LA Times
- "Fistic Medicine: The Benefit & Cost of Steroids" by Matt Pitt
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