Manfred I of Turin
Manfred was the eldest son of Arduin Glaber, from whom he inherited the county of Auriate and the vast March of Susa. The march extended from the Susa Valley by the Alps south across the Po to the Ligurian Sea. Although he ruled for almost twenty-five years, there is little evidence of his activities in surviving sources. Under him, Pavia became a mercantile city. He also controlled the road between Genoa and Marseilles.
- Previté-Orton, C.W. (1912), The Early History of the House of Savoy (1000-1233), Cambridge.
- Rule, Martin (1883), The Life and Times of St. Anselm, Archbishop of Canterbury and Primate of the Britons, Vol. I, London: Kegan Paul, Trench, & Co.
- Sergi, G. (1971), "Una grande circoscrizione del regno italico: la marca arduinica di Torino", Studi Medievali, No. XII, pp. 637–712. (in Italian)
- Trillmich, W. (1991), Kaiser Konrad II und seine Zeit. (in German)
- Medieval Lands Project: Northern Italy
- Manfred I, Markgraf von Turin (in German)
- Chronicon Novaliciense. (Chronicon Novaliciense at Wikisource)
| Margrave of Turin
Ulric Manfred II
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