January 24, 1957 |
|Occupation||Tattooist; Art-Painter; Master of Economics (USUE)|
Manfred Kohrs (born January 24, 1957) is a German tattooist and conceptual artist, who has been tattooing since 1974. He was a student of Horst Heinrich Streckenbach ("Tattoo Samy") (August 5, 1926 – June 27, 2001). Together they developed the barbell piercing in 1975. Kohrs invented a rotary tattoo machine with main part an electric motor and an ink reservoir. In 1977 Kohrs founded the first German Tattoo Artist Association. He gave up tattooing in 1990 and began studying economics.
Biographical and career information
Kohrs was born in 1957 and grew up in Hanover, Germany; from 1968 to 1974 he plays Rugby in Hanover-List. He´s still Member of SC Germania List. From 1971 to 1973 he trained as a mechanic at the Deutsche Grammophon Gesellschaft and subsequently completed his military service at the Aufklärungsgeschwader 51 of the German Air Force.
At the age of twelve he purchased his first tattoo and in 1975 he was tattoed by Herbert Hoffmann. The integrated nationally recognized tattoo artist Horst Heinrich Streckenbach took Kohrs in 1975 as a master student. In 1976, he began tattooing professionally. In 1977 he opened his own studio in Hanover and in 1978 he built a new rotary tattoo machine. It was invented by Samuel O’Reilly and subsequent improvements were made by the tattoo artists over the years. Kohrs tattooed Rio Reiser, Klaus Meine, Rudolf Schenker and other several notable musicians, artists and celebrities of the time.
In 1977 Kohrs was an early member of The National Tattoo Club of the World which was renamed 1984 to the National Tattoo Association, (N.T.A.). In the same year Kohrs was the founder-member No. 25 of the European Tattoo Artists Association.
In 1977, Kohrs invited all commercially registered tattooists in Germany to an information meeting in Hanover. "At that time there were throughout the country, only 14 self-employed tattoo artist."
The purpose of this meeting were the establishment of a national association, and to introduce technical and hygienic standards. At that time, Kohrs and Streckenbach were the only German tattoo artists who used an autoclave for the sterilisation of equipment.
Kohrs attended the first National Convention at the Cosmopolitan Hotel in Denver, Colorado from 23–25 March 1979. He made a slide presentation of tattooed people with Tattoo Samy. The speakers on the convention were Terry Wrigley, Peter Tat 2 Poulos, Diane Poulos, Don Ed Hardy, Bob Shaw (who spoke about the importance of using autoclaves and hygiene), Big Walt Kilkucki, Painless Jeff Baker, Dave Yurkew, Arnold Rubin and Jan Stussy. Kohrs, Streckenbach and Terry Wrigley (president of E.T.A.A), were present in October 1980 at the first German Tattoo Convention at Frankfurt. Kohrs gave up tattooing in 1990 and began studying economics. Since completing his economics degree in 1996, he has served as tax consultant and lecturer in economics at a private academy.
In 2016, after more than 45 years, Kohrs appears first again in the tattoo scene, he gave a detailed interview to Stadtkind Hannovermagazin and the Tattoo Kulture Magazine. In December 2016 he visited the exhibition Nailed to the Cross by PMA Tattoo Hanover and November 2017 the 10. tattomenta Kassel.
Since March 2018, Kohrs has worked as a research associate in the estate project Nachlass Warlich. Since December 2015 Ole Wittmann is a postdoctoral scholarship holder of the Hamburger Stiftung zur Förderung von Wissenschaft und Kultur (Hamburg Foundation for the Promotion of Science and Culture) working on a research project on the estate of the German tattooist Christian Warlich (1891–1964) in cooperation with the Stiftung Historische Museen Hamburg/Museum für Hamburgische Geschichte.
National Tattoo Club of the World, issued from „Philadelphia“ Eddie Funk, 1977.
Art and design
In 1975, on the German Norddeutscher Rundfunk television show Nordschaumagazin, Kohrs met the well-known German artist Prof. Timm Ulrichs. In 1981, Ulrich was approached about Streckenbach to Manfred Kohrs in Hanover to be tattooed as part of an art project, the words "THE END" refers to an eyelid. In 1981 Streckenbach created that conceptual art-project with Ulrichs.
"Once the moment has finally come when the curtain falls for good, when my eyesight disappears and my eyes are closed for eternal rest, the pulled-down eyelid will reveal as a last, surprising theatrical coup the final punch line, in my view quite memorable: the “Last Picture Show”, presented with a weeping and a laughing eye, with a wink, the final performance of a life and a life performance intended to be spectacular and dramatic." Timm Ulrichs  In the years 1977 to 1981 created Kohrs some individual projects with the topic of tattoos. From 1978 Kohrs drew cartoons for various magazines. Since 2011 Kohrs is President of the art association in Wedemark, Germany.
- Marcel Feige: Tattoo-Theo. Schwarzkopf & Schwarzkopf 2001, ISBN 3-89602-355-1.
- Marcel Feige: Das Tattoo-und Piercing Lexikon. Schwarzkopf & Schwarzkopf 2000, ISBN 3-89602-209-1.
- Marcel Feige: Ein Tattoo ist für immer. Schwarzkopf & Schwarzkopf 2003, ISBN 3-89602-381-0.
- Samuel M. Steward: Bad Boys and Tough Tattoos. Routledge London & New York 1990, ISBN 0-918393-76-0.
- Margot Mifflin: Bodies of Subversion. powerHouse Books 2013, ISBN 1-576-87692-6.
- Caroline Rosenthal, Dirk Vanderbeke: Probing the Skin: Cultural Representations of Our Contact Zone. Cambridge Scholars Publishing 2015, ISBN 1-443-87518-X.
- Hannoversche Allgemeine Zeitung, Ausg. Ost, S.2, 23. April 1981, Tätowieren – eine besondere Kunst / Manfred Kohrs (in German)
- Marcel Feige: Das Tattoo-und Piercing Lexikon, ISBN 3-89602-209-1, S. 283
- "Inspiration". ezetraining.com.au. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2016-12-13.
- reinMein die überlokale Zeitschrift: Das Tattoo-Kunsthandwerk – eine Technik, die unter die Haut geht (in German)
- Offenbach-Post, Nr. 180, 1984 (in German)
- Vereinsnachrichten des S.C. Germania List, Dezember 1971, Heft Nr. 33, S. 10
- Cellesche Zeitung, 5. Mai 1984, S. 23 (in German)
- Stadtkind Hannovermagazin, Ausgabe Juli 2016, S. 44-49: Nadelstiche. Im Interview:Manfred Kohrs.
- Tattoo Nation - Tattoo Magazine, Issue # 1, July 10 2014, Page 35/64
- Tattoo Nation Nepal´s first Tattoo Magazine - July 2014, Issue #1, Page 35.
- National Tattoo Magazine, June–July 1978, S. 9 work by Manfred Kohrs of Hannover West Germany
- "History - Official National Tattoo Association Website". nationaltattooassociation.com. Retrieved 2016-12-13.
- Frank-Peter Finke-Oltmanns, Tattoos in Modern Societies, dissertation 1996.
- German Federal Social Court (Bundessozialgericht), Case No.: B 3 KS 2 / 07 R Case of 28 February 2007
- Hannoversche Allgemeine Zeitung, Ausg. Süd, S.3, 24. April 1986, Manfred Kohrs - "Hautbilder" (in German)
- Mississippi Gulf Coast´s Observer, September 2012, Volume 13, Issue 3, p. 36
- tattoo archive Terry Wrigley Archived 2010-09-04 at the Wayback Machine.
- Caroline Rosenthal, Dirk Vanderbeke: Probing the Skin: Cultural Representations of Our Contact Zone, p. 177.
- Stadtkind Hannovermagazin, Issue Juli 2016, page 44-49: Nadelstiche. Im Interview: Manfred Kohrs.
- Sabrina Ungemach in Tattoo Kulture Magazine Issue 22, 2017, page 44–52.
- Tattoo Kulture Magazin: Nailed to the Cross by PMA Tattoo Hanover. #18 2016, p. 70-71.
- Kilian Trotier (April 19, 2017). "Geschichte mit gravierenden Folgen". Die Zeit.
- About Crazy Philadelphia Eddie
- NDR-Information Service - Number 0007750128, NDR HH Card 2008/12/12 (1, 2)
- NaNa Hannover, Nr.36/37, -Portrait eines Künstlers- Manfreds Bilder fahren Straßenbahn, December 23. 1982.
- Dieter Fietzke und Hubertus Müll, 1990/97 Foto: Foto-Hoerner, Hannover © VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn 2010
- Süddeutsche.de GmbH, Munich, Germany. "Ausstellung: Timm Ulrichs - Wie jeder Clown, so ist - Kunst - Kultur - Süddeutsche.de: THE END, Augenlid-Tätowierung, 1970/16. Mai 1981". Archived from the original on 2010-12-23. Retrieved 2016-12-13.
- Süddeutsche.de GmbH, Munich, Germany. "Ausstellung: Timm Ulrichs - Wie jeder Clown, so ist - Kunst - Kultur - Süddeutsche.de". Archived from the original on 2010-12-23. Retrieved 2016-12-13.
- "GAT 2016 - Grüße Aus Tätowierungen in der Willner Brauerei". kunstleben-berlin.de. Retrieved 2016-12-13.
- National Tattoo Magazine, June–July 1978, S. 13 cartoon by Kohrs
- registered in Hanover court, VR 120263
- kulturringc.de. Skin Stories
- The Tuscaloosa News - 25. Dez. 1978
- Streckenbach/Kohrs Tattoo Machine (German)
- tattoo-bewertung.de (German)
- Tattoo Nation - Tattoo Magazine, Issue # 1, July 10 2014, Page 35.
- SparkFun 3D Printed Tattoo Machine (Manfred Kohrs Rotary Tattoo Maschine from 0:23 to 0:36)
- Rotarymaschine 1978 K (Film Ole Wittmann PhD, Stiftung Historische Museen Hamburg).