Manfred Max Neef
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|Artur Manfred Max Neef|
A snapshot of Manfred Max Neef taken on 18 January 2007
26 October 1932 |
|Institutions||University of California, Berkeley|
Artur Manfred Max Neef (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈmamfɾeð ˈmaks]; born 26 October 1932) is a Chilean economist. Although of German descent, Max Neef was born in Valparaíso, Chile. He started his career as a professor of economics at the University of California, Berkeley in the early 1960s. He is known for his taxonomy of fundamental human needs and human scale development.
Max Neef traveled through Latin America and the United States, as a visiting professor in various universities, as well as living with and researching the poor. He worked with the problem of development in the Third World, describing the inappropriateness of conventional models of development that have contributed to poverty, debt and ecological disasters for Third World communities.
In 1981, Max Neef wrote From the Outside Looking In: Experiences in Barefoot Economics, a narrative of his travels among the poor in South America. In the same year, he founded the Centre for Development Alternatives (CEPAUR).
In 1982, Max Neef won the Right Livelihood Award for his work in poverty-stricken areas of developing countries. Max Neef ran for President of Chile as an independent in the 1993 election. He achieved 4th place, with 5.55% of the vote.
In 1993, Max Neef was appointed rector of the Universidad Austral de Chile in Valdivia. He served in that position for eight years. Max Neef is a council member of the World Future Council. He is also affiliated with the European Academy of Sciences and Arts, the Club of Rome, the New York Academy of Sciences, and the Leopold Kohr Academy of Salzburg (an institution founded by Leopold Kohr).
Among his honoraria are the University Award of Highest Honour (Soka University); Doctor Honoris Causa (University of Jordan); Chile's National Prize for the Promotion and Defense of Human Rights; and the Kenneth Boulding Award, the highest honour bestowed by the International Society for Ecological Economics (August 2008). On 10 May 2009, he received an Honorary Doctorate in Humane Letters and was Commencement Speaker to the 158th Graduating Class of Saint Francis University.
In March 2015, the Chilean National Commission of Accreditation punished the private accreditation agency that he and other former university presidents created with a fine of $ 8,600 (over 4,000,000 Chilean pesos) for the conflict of interests that affected the accreditation of the business school where Max Neef held the position of Department Director. That was the last in a long row of fines that the Chilean National Commission of Accreditation has imposed over Max Neef's agency.
- Max Neef, Manfred A (1992). From the Outside Looking In: Experiences in Barefoot Economics (pdf). Dag Hammarskjöld Foundation. p. 208. ISBN 1-85649-188-9. Retrieved 2015-05-22.
- Max Neef, Manfred A; Antonio Elizalde; Martin Hopenhayn (1991). Human Scale Development (pdf). The Apex Press. p. 114. ISBN 0-945257-35-X. Retrieved 2015-05-22.
- Max Neef, Manfred A; Paul Ekins (1992). Real-Life Economics: Understanding Wealth Creation. Routledge. p. 432. ISBN 0-415-07976-4. Retrieved 2011-02-15.
- Max Neef, Manfred A; Antonio Elizalde; Martin Hopenhayn (1991). Human Scale Development (pdf). The Apex Press. p. 106. ISBN 0-945257-35-X. Retrieved 2015-05-22.
- "Manfred Max Neef – Chile". World People's Blog. Retrieved 2011-02-15.
- "CNA sanciona a agencia que acreditó carrera en UACH cuando accionista era el director". Radio Biobío. Retrieved 2015-03-27.
- "Así opera el escandaloso sistema de acreditación de las universidades". CIPER Chile. Retrieved 2015-03-27.
- Official website
- Works by or about Manfred Max Neef in libraries (WorldCat catalog)
- Right Lifelihood Award website
- World Future Council
- Max Neef on Human Needs and Human-scale Development
- El desarrollo a la medida humana from Desarrollo y Cooperación (March/April 2002) (Spanish)
- Economic Investigation by Hermann Max, Manfred Max Neef's father
- Max Neef: U.S. Is Becoming an "Underdeveloping Nation", a video interview by Democracy Now!