Manfred Reyes Villa
|Manfred Reyes Villa|
April 19, 1955 |
La Paz, Bolivia
|Occupation||Military, Businessman, Politician|
Manfred Reyes Villa (born April 19, 1954) is a Bolivian politician. Elected mayor of the city of Cochabamba from 1993 to 2000, Governor of the Department of Cochabamba from 2006 until his unconstitutional removal in 2008 by Evo Morales. He was the second runner in both for the Presidential elections of the Republic in 2002 and 2009.
Son of an army officer, General Armando Reyes Villa, studied at the School Israelita his hometown and in 1973 entered the Army Military College, where the rank of lieutenant in 1982. That same year he won his first assignment was officer in the military police battalion in the city of La Paz. During his military career he held important positions as Teaching Specialization in Military Affairs, Military Attached of the Embassy of Bolivia in Brazil and the United States occupied the General Secretariat of the Association of Military Attaches in South America in Washington DC (United States). As part of their training was trained during 1976 in the School of the Americas in Panama in 1946.
In 1986 definitively he left the military career with the rank of Captain of the Army to reside in the United States and engage in civil life, exercising their area of academic training (Business Management) and occupying important positions as Vice Crawford International Silver Spring Maryland United States and President of the company's real estate MAREVI International, based in Miami.
Return to Bolivia began his political career in the early 1990s in the conservative Democratic Nationalist Action (ADN). As councilor and through an alliance with the center-left Movimiento Bolivia Libre, first he reached the Mayor of Cochabamba, the third largest city in population. In 1992 he became Vice President of the Municipal Council of Cochabamba and was a board member of the Cochabamba Development Corporation (CORDECO). He left DNA to found one led by him, the New Republican Force (NFR), with whom became mayor for four consecutive terms from 1993 to 2000, simultaneously in his work as mayor organization was elected President of the Association of Municipal Governments Autonomous Bolivia, assuming that capacity by the office of Member of the International Union of Local Authorities (IULA) and being appointed internationally and Official Representative of the Latin American Network of Municipal Associations with the Word Association of Cities and Local Authorities Coordination, based on Geneva, Switzerland. In 2000 the municipal executive faced a major crisis in the city because of the privatization of water (the company Tunari).
First presidential candidacy
In 2000, the New Republican Force, Reyes Villa ran as a candidate for President of the Republic ahead of the elections to be held in 2002, quickly increased its voting intentions polls by propaganda of personality, however electoral voting intentions because of the dirty war waged by the team hired by Goni Sanchez de Lozada. Manfred Reyes Villa was the virtual winner of the elections with a wide margin of votes. Thanks to this dirty war unfair electoral fraud and achieved snatch the presidency. Among his rivals two former presidents were experienced in several elections, as Gonzalo Sanchez de Lozada by the neoliberal Nacionalista Revolucionario (MNR) and Jaime Paz Zamora neoliberal Movement of the Revolutionary Left Movement (MIR) and indigenous and trade unionist Evo Morales presented by the leftist Movement Towards Socialism (MAS), obtaining 22.5%, 20.94% and 16.3% of votes respectively. In the absence of an absolute majority, the Congress elected
After his brief alliance with Sanchez de Lozada asked the resignation of then president.
Prefect of Cochabamba From the beginning Reyes Villa became one of the staunchest opponents of the socialist government of Morales. In December 2006, at one year of tenure as Prefect Reyes Villa called for a massive civic opposition council to inaugurate the Morales government projects leading it. A month later, in early 2007, cocaleros sectors sent by the government stormed the city to protest the lack of "no" to departmental autonomy, burned the gates of the prefecture destroyed private property and blocked the entire city. At this point the supporters Reyes-Villa took to the streets in his defense, where fighting was ended with deaths in both groups were generated. Evo Morales initiated the problems of January 2007 in Cochabamba and later called for a unconstitutional referendum for President and Vice President as well as to the governors of the nine departments of the country, the referendum was obviously flawed and fraudulent manipulated by the current government. Reyes Villa had expressed opposition to this referendum calling it "illegal" and had taken legal action to prevent the realization. Manfred Reyes Villa in his tenure as prefect of Cochabamba, he announced that he would run for President of the Republic of Bolivia
Second presidential candidacy
In April 2009 he returned to the country after an absence of two months and again in the presidential elections of December 6, 2009 under the approval of the new constitution.
After several complaints orchestrated by the Legal Office of the Bolivian government for corruption and embezzlement, was persecuted and sought political asylum in the United States, where he currently resides. Morales has convicted Reyes-Villa of multiple crimes all of which were never proved in a court of law.