Manfred Rommel in 2004
|Mayor of Stuttgart|
|Preceded by||Arnulf Klett|
|Succeeded by||Wolfgang Schuster|
|Born||24 December 1928|
Stuttgart, Weimar Republic
|Died||7 November 2013 (aged 84)|
|Political party||Christian Democratic Union|
Liselotte Daiber (m. 1954–2013)
Manfred Rommel (24 December 1928 – 7 November 2013) was a German politician belonging to the Christian Democratic Union, who served as Mayor of Stuttgart from 1974 until 1996. Rommel's policies were described as tolerant and liberal, and he was one of the most popular municipal politicians in Germany. He was the recipient of numerous foreign honours. He was the only son of Field Marshal Erwin Rommel and his wife Lucia Maria Mollin (1894–1971), and contributed to the establishment of museums in his father's honour. He was also known for his friendship with the sons of his father's two principal military adversaries, one of them being David Montgomery.
Background and family
Rommel was born in Stuttgart and entered service as a Luftwaffenhelfer (air force assistant) at age 14, serving in an anti-aircraft battery. He considered joining the Waffen SS, but his father opposed it. On 14 October 1944, he was present at his parents' house when his father was led off and forced to commit suicide for his alleged complicity in the 20 July plot to assassinate Adolf Hitler, which was publicly portrayed by the Nazi leadership as a death resulting from a war injury. In February 1945, Rommel was dismissed from air force service and in March 1945 he was conscripted to the paramilitary Reichsarbeitsdienst service. Being in the town of Riedlingen by the end of April, immediately before the French First Army taking over, he deserted. He was taken prisoner of war, disclosed the truth about his father's death and was interrogated by General Jean de Lattre de Tassigny.
Post-war life and career
In 1947, he took his Abitur while studying in Biberach an der Riß and went on to study law at the University of Tübingen. He married Liselotte in 1954 and had a daughter named Catherine. After a stint working as a lawyer, in 1956, Rommel entered the civil service and later became state secretary in the state government of Baden-Württemberg.
In 1974, Rommel succeeded Arnulf Klett as Oberbürgermeister (equivalent to Mayor) of Stuttgart by winning 58.5% of the votes in the second round of elections, defeating Peter Conradi of the Social Democratic Party. He was re-elected after the first round of elections in 1982 with 69.8% and in 1990 with 71.7% of the votes. As the mayor of Stuttgart, he was also known for his effort to give the Red Army Faction terrorists who had committed suicide at the Stuttgart-Stammheim prison a proper burial, despite the concern that the graves would become a pilgrimage point for radical leftists.
While Oberbürgermeister of Stuttgart, Rommel began a much-publicised friendship with U.S. Army Major General George Patton IV, the son of his father's World War II adversary, General George S. Patton, who was assigned to the VII Corps headquarters near the city. Additionally, he was also friends with David Montgomery, 2nd Viscount Montgomery of Alamein, the son of his father's other great adversary, Field Marshal Bernard Law Montgomery, a friendship viewed by some as a symbol of British-German reconciliation following the War and West Germany's admission into NATO.
In a 1996 celebration at the Württemberg State Theatre, Manfred Rommel received the highest German civil distinction, the Bundesverdienstkreuz. In his speech, Helmut Kohl put particular emphasis on the good relations that were kept and built upon between France and Germany during Rommel's tenure as Oberbürgermeister of Stuttgart. A few days after this distinction was given to Rommel, the city of Stuttgart offered him the Honorary Citizen Award. He also risked his popularity when he stood out for the fair treatment of foreign immigrants, who were being drawn to Stuttgart, by its booming economy. As mayor, Rommel also exerted a "tight control over the city's finances, reducing its debt and enabling a radical makeover of the local infrastructure, especially roads and public transport [while working]...to foster Franco- German relations." The politics of Rommel are described as tolerant and liberal.
Having retired from politics in 1996, Rommel was still in demand as an author and stirring speaker, despite suffering from Parkinson's disease. He wrote various political and humorous books. He was known for his down-to-earth and often funny sayings and quotations. Occasionally, he wrote articles for the Stuttgarter Zeitung.
Rommel collaborated with Basil Liddell-Hart in the publication of The Rommel Papers, a collection of diaries, letters and notes that his father wrote during and after his military campaigns. He was awarded several foreign awards including the Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE), the French légion d'honneur, the US Presidential Medal of Freedom and the highest grade of the German federal order of merit. He died on 7 November 2013, survived by his daughter Catherine.
In the following movies about his father during the Second World War, Manfred Rommel was played by the following actors:
- 1951: The Desert Fox: The Story of Rommel (German: Rommel, der Wüstenfuchs) (Director: Henry Hathaway), William Reynolds as Manfred Rommel
- 1962: The Longest Day (German: der längste Tag) (Director(s): Annakin/Marton/Wicki/Oswald/Zanuck), Michael Hinz as Manfred Rommel. Hinz's father Werner Hinz played Field Marshal Rommel in the film
- 1989: War and Remembrance (TV-Series), Matthias Hinze as Manfred Rommel
- 2012: Rommel (Director: Niki Stein), Patrick Mölleken as Manfred Rommel
Manfred Rommel once wrote about his many honours: "Die Zahl der Titel will nicht enden. Am Grabstein stehet: bitte wenden!" which translates as: "The number of honours seems to be endless. The inscription on my gravestone will read: Please turn over!"
- 1979 honorary citizen of Cairo
- 1982: Orden wider den tierischen Ernst, for his sense of humor
- 1982: Grand Officer in the Order of Orange-Nassau of the Netherlands
- 1982: Honorary Senator of the University of Applied Sciences Stuttgart
- 1984: General-Clay Medal
- 1985: Knight of the Legion of Honor of the French Republic
- 1987: Guardian of Jerusalem
- 1987: Grand Officer Cross of Merit of the Italian Republic
- 1990: Commander of the Order of the British Empire
- 1990: Medal of Merit of the State of Baden-Württemberg
- 1990: Dr. Friedrich Lehner Medal for the development of public transport
- 1990: Bonding medal for German-American friendship
- 1992 Honorary doctorate of the University of Maryland
- 1993 Golden Order of Merit of the IAAF
- 1995: Otto Hirsch Medal
- 1996: Honorary Citizen of the City of Stuttgart
- 1996: Chairman of the joint chiefs of staff award for distinguished public service
- 1996: Friedrich E. Vogt Medal for Services to the Swabian dialect
- 1996 Honorary doctorate of the University of Wales
- 1996: Great Cross of Merit (1978) with star (1989) and shoulder belt (1996) *Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany
- 1996: Appointed Professor
- 1997: Price of the Entente Franco-Allemande for the German-French friendship
- 1997: honorary member of the German Association of Cities
- 1997: Heinz Herbert Karry Prize
- 1998: Dolf Sternberger Award for
- 2008 Hans-Peter-Stihl Preis
- Abschied vom Schlaraffenland. Gedanken über Politik und Kultur. Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt, Stuttgart, München 1987, ISBN 3-421-06081-9.
- Manfred Rommels gesammelte Sprüche, Gefunden und herausgegeben von Ulrich Frank-Planitz, Engelhorn Verlag, Stuttgart 1988, ISBN 3-87203-050-7
- Wir verwirrten Deutschen. Ullstein, Frankfurt am Main 1989, ISBN 3-548-34614-6.
- Manfred Rommels gesammelte Gedichte. Engelhorn-Verlag, Stuttgart 1993
- Die Grenzen des Möglichen. Ansichten und Einsichten. Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt, Stuttgart, München 1995, ISBN 3-421-05001-5.
- Trotz allem heiter. Erinnerungen. Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt, Stuttgart, München 1998, ISBN 3-421-05151-8.
- Neue Sprüche und Gedichte. Gesammelt und herausgegeben von Ulrich Frank-Planitz, Hohenheim-Verlag, Stuttgart 2000, ISBN 978-3-89850-002-9
- Manfred Rommels gesammelte Sprüche, dva, Stuttgart 2001, ISBN 978-3-421-05573-6.
- Holzwege zur Wirklichkeit. Hohenheim-Verlag, Stuttgart 2001, ISBN 3-89850-026-8.
- Soll und Haben. Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt, Stuttgart, München 2001, ISBN 3-421-05579-3.
- Das Land und die Welt. Hohenheim-Verlag, Stuttgart 2003, ISBN 3-89850-099-3.
- Ganz neue Sprüche & Gedichte und andere Einfälle. Hohenheim-Verlag, Stuttgart 2004, ISBN 3-89850-123-X
- Vom Schlaraffenland ins Jammertal?. Hohenheim-Verlag, Stuttgart 2006, ISBN 3-89850-137-X.
- Gedichte und Parodien. Hohenheim-Verlag, Stuttgart 2006, ISBN 3-89850-151-5.
- Manfred Rommels schwäbisches Allerlei. Eine bunte Sammlung pfiffiger Sprüche, witziger Gedichte und zumeist amüsanter Geschichten. Hohenheim-Verlag, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-89850-170-5.
- Auf der Suche nach der Zukunft. Zeitzeichen unter dem Motto: Ohne Nein kein Ja. Hohenheim-Verlag, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-89850-173-6.
- 1944 – das Jahr der Entscheidung. Erwin Rommel in Frankreich(The year of decesion. Erwin Rommel in France), Hohenheim-Verlag, Stuttgart 2010, ISBN 978-3-89850-196-5.
- Die amüsantesten Texte. Hohenheim-Verlag, Stuttgart 2010, ISBN 978-3-89850-203-0.
- The sons of wartime generals who became great friends
- "Death of the Desert Fox: Rommel's son's account of his father's last moments after Hitler ordered him to take a cyanide pill or be arrested". Daily Mail. 30 December 2012.
- Manfred Rommel: Trotz allem heiter. Stuttgart 1998, 3rd edition, p. 77–85. ISBN 3-421-05151-8
- Was Macht Eigenlich...: Manfred Rommel Archived 25 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine. stern.de
- Usselmann, Rainer. "18. Oktober 1977: Gerhard Richter's work of mourning and its new audience". Archived from the original on 2006-06-27. Retrieved 2008-10-11.
- "Tage des Zorns, Tage der Trauer" (in German). Die Zeit. 16 October 1987. Retrieved 7 November 2013.
- Sobel, Brian M. (1997). The Fighting Pattons. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 94. ISBN 9780275957148.
- "Career Spotlight: Benjamin Patton (C'88)". alumni.georgetown.edu. Archived from the original on 12 December 2013.
- "Die Väter Feinde, die Söhne Freunde" (in German). Badische Zeitung. 5 May 2009.
- "Festive retirement party for Stuttgart Mayor Manfred Rommel". German News. Archived from the original on 20 September 2005. Retrieved 2006-10-05.
- Dan van der Vat, Manfred Rommel obituary, The Guardian, 7 November 2013
- Manfred Rommel: Freundlich, ehrlich, demokratisch Der Tagesspiegel, vom 23. Dezember 2008.
- Martin, Douglas (9 November 2013). "Manfred Rommel, Son of German Field Marshal, Dies at 84". The New York Times.
- "Ehrenbürgerwürde der Universität Stuttgart für Suzanne Mubarak und Manfred Rommel". Informationsdienst Wissenschaft. Archived from the original on 17 October 2010. Retrieved 2007-06-30.
- Löffelholz, Thomas (16 December 1996). "Was vorbei ist, kann nicht mehr schiefgehen". Die Welt.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Manfred Rommel.|
- Puhl, Widmar: Manfred Rommel: Der Oberbürgermeister. (in German). Zürich/Wiesbaden: Orell Füssli 1990, ISBN 3-280-01997-4.
- Rommel, Manfred: Trotz allem heiter. Erinnerungen. (in German). Stuttgart: Deutsche Verlagsanstalt, Stuttgart 1998, ISBN 3-421-05151-8. (His memories)