Manfred Rommel in 2004
|Lord Mayor of Stuttgart|
|Preceded by||Arnulf Klett|
|Succeeded by||Wolfgang Schuster|
24 December 1928|
Stuttgart, Weimar Republic, Germany
|Died||7 November 2013
|Political party||Christian Democratic Union|
|Spouse(s)||Liselotte (1954-2013 his death)|
Manfred Rommel CBE (24 December 1928 – 7 November 2013) was a German politician belonging to the Christian Democratic Union (CDU), who served as Lord Mayor of Stuttgart from 1974 until 1996. He was the only son of Field Marshal Erwin Rommel and his wife Lucia Maria Mollin.
Background and family
Rommel was born in Stuttgart and entered service as a Luftwaffenhelfer (Air Force assistant) at age 14, serving in an anti-aircraft battery. He considered joining the Waffen SS, but his father opposed it. On 14 October 1944, he was present at his parents’ house when his father was led off and forced to commit suicide for his alleged complicity in the 20 July plot to assassinate Adolf Hitler, which was publicly portrayed by the Nazi leadership as a death resulting from a war injury. In February 1945, Rommel was dismissed from Air Force service and in March 1945 he was conscripted to the paramilitary Reichsarbeitsdienst service. Being in the town of Riedlingen by the end of April, immediately before the French First Army taking over, he deserted. He was taken prisoner of war, disclosed the truth about his father’s death and was interrogated by General Jean de Lattre de Tassigny.
He married Liselotte in 1954 and had a daughter named Catherine.
While Oberbürgermeister of Stuttgart, Rommel began a much-publicised friendship with U.S. Army Major General George S. Patton IV, the son of his father's World War II adversary, George S. Patton Jr., who was assigned to the VII Corps headquarters near the city. Additionally, he was also friends with David Montgomery, 2nd Viscount Montgomery of Alamein the son of his father's other great adversary, Field Marshal Bernard Law Montgomery, a friendship viewed by some as a symbol of British-German reconciliation following the War and West Germany's admission into NATO.
After a stint working as a lawyer, in 1956, Rommel entered the civil service and later became state secretary in the state government of Baden-Württemberg.
In 1974, Rommel succeeded Arnulf Klett as Oberbürgermeister (equivalent to Mayor) of Stuttgart by winning 58.5% of the votes in the second round of elections, defeating Peter Conradi of the SPD. He was re-elected after the first round of elections in 1982 with 69.8% and in 1990 with 71.7% of the votes. As the mayor of Stuttgart, he was also known for his effort to give the Red Army Faction terrorists who had committed suicide at the Stuttgart-Stammheim prison a proper burial, despite the concern that the graves would become a pilgrimage point for radical leftists.
In a 1996 celebration at the Württemberg State Theatre, Manfred Rommel received the highest German civil distinction, the Bundesverdienstkreuz. In his speech, Helmut Kohl put particular emphasis on the good relations that were kept and built upon between France and Germany during Rommel's tenure as Oberbürgermeister of Stuttgart. A few days after this distinction was given to Rommel, the city of Stuttgart offered him the Honorary Citizen Award. He also risked his popularity when he stood out for the fair treatment of foreign immigrants, who were being drawn to Stuttgart, by its booming economy. As mayor, Rommel also exerted a "tight control over the city's finances, reducing its debt and enabling a radical makeover of the local infrastructure, especially roads and public transport [while working]...to foster Franco- German relations."
Having retired from politics in 1996, Rommel was still in demand as an author and stirring speaker, despite suffering from Parkinson's disease. He wrote various political and humorous books. He was known for his down-to-earth and often funny sayings and quotations. Occasionally, he wrote articles for the Stuttgarter Zeitung.
Rommel collaborated with Basil Liddell-Hart in the publication of The Rommel Papers, a collection of diaries, letters and notes that his father wrote during and after his military campaigns. He was awarded several foreign awards including the CBE, the French légion d'honneur, the US medal of freedom and the highest grade of the German federal order of merit.
Manfred Rommel once wrote about his many honours: "Die Zahl der Titel will nicht enden. Am Grabstein stehet: bitte wenden!" which translates as: "The number of honours seems to be endless. The inscription on my gravestone will read: Please turn over!"
- Theodor-Heuss-Medaille (1978)
- Orden des Großoffiziers im Orden von Oranien-Nassau (1982)
- Ehrensenator der Fachhochschule für Technik Stuttgart (1982)
- Honorary doctorate of the University of Missouri-St. Louis (1983)
- General Lucius D. Clay-Medaille (1984)
- President of the Freiherr-vom-Stein-Gesellschaft (1984–1990)
- Chevalier of the Legion of Honour of the French Republic (1985)
- Guardian of Jerusalem (1987)
- Commander of the Order of the British Empire (1990)
- Honorary doctorate of the University of Maryland (1992)
- Honorary citizen of Stuttgart (1996)
- Großes Verdienstkreuz mit Stern und Schulterband des Verdienstordens der Bundesrepublik Deutschland (1996)
- Honorary doctorate of the University of Wales (1996)
- Dolf Sternberger-Preis (1998)
- Honorary citizen of the University of Stuttgart (2005)
- Verdienstmedaille des Landes Baden-Württemberg
- Heinz Herbert Karry-Preis
- Honorary citizen of Cairo
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Manfred Rommel.|
- "Death of the Desert Fox: Rommel's son's account of his father's last moments after Hitler ordered him to take a cyanide pill or be arrested". Daily Mail. 30 December 2012.
- Manfred Rommel: Trotz allem heiter. Stuttgart 1998, 3rd edition, p. 77–85. ISBN 3-421-05151-8
- WAS MACHT EIGENTLICH...: Manfred Rommel stern.de
- Sobel, Brian M. (1997). The Fighting Pattons. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 94. ISBN 9780275957148.
- "Career Spotlight: Benjamin Patton (C'88)". alumni.georgetown.edu.
- "Die Väter Feinde, die Söhne Freunde" (in German). Badische Zeitung. 5 May 2009.
- Usselmann, Rainer. "18. Oktober 1977: Gerhard Richter's work of mourning and its new audience". Retrieved 2008-10-11.[dead link]
- "Festive retirement party for Stuttgart Mayor Manfred Rommel". GERMAN NEWS. Retrieved 2006-10-05.[dead link]
- Dan van der Vat, Manfred Rommel obituary, The Guardian, 7 November 2013
- "Ehrenbürgerwürde der Universität Stuttgart für Suzanne Mubarak und Manfred Rommel". Informationsdienst Wissenschaft. Retrieved 2007-06-30.