From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

False Aloe Manfreda virginica Plant 2200px.JPG
Manfreda virginica
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Asparagaceae
Subfamily: Agavoideae
Genus: Manfreda
  • Allibertia Marion ex Baker
  • Delpinoa H.Ross
  • Leichtlinia H.Ross
  • Runyonia Rose
Manfreda maculosa - MHNT

Manfreda is a genus of flowering plants in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Agavoideae.[2] Along with Polianthes, members are commonly called tuberoses. Some authorities place Manfreda in genus Polianthes, while others group place both genera in Agave. The generic name honours 14th-century Italian writer Manfredus de Monte Imperiale.[3]

They are native to the southern United States, Mexico, and Central America.[1]

Like others in its family, tuberoses have rosettes of leaves branching from a very short stem, and flowers at the end of a long stalk. The flowers are tubular and whitish, yellow, green, or brownish, with lengthy stamens.

The spotted manfreda, also called Texas tuberose (Manfreda maculosa) is notable for having silvery-green leaves covered with purple spots and is a popular xeriscape plant in the Southwest US.[4]


Accepted species:[1][5][6]

  1. Manfreda brunnea (S.Watson) Rose - Tamaulipas
  2. Manfreda bulbulifera Castillejos & E.Solano - Guerrero
  3. Manfreda chamelensis E.J.Lott & Verh.-Will. - Jalisco
  4. Manfreda elongata Rose - Durango, Jalisco, Nayarit
  5. Manfreda fusca Ravenna - Guatemala
  6. Manfreda galvaniae A.Castañeda, S.Franco & García-Mend. - México State
  7. Manfreda guerrerensis Matuda - Guerrero
  8. Manfreda guttata (Jacobi & C.D.Bouché) Rose - central Mexico
  9. Manfreda hauniensis (J.B.Petersen) Verh.-Will. - central Mexico
  10. Manfreda involuta McVaugh - Zacatecas, Nayarit, Jalisco
  11. Manfreda jaliscana Rose - northwestern Mexico
  12. Manfreda justosierrana García-Mend. - Guerrero
  13. Manfreda littoralis García-Mend., A.Castañeda & S.Franco - Guerrero, Oaxaca
  14. Manfreda longiflora (Rose) Verh.-Will. – Amole de Río, Longflower Tuberose - Tamaulipas, Nuevo León, Texas
  15. Manfreda maculata (Mart.) Rose - México State, Guerrero, Oaxaca
  16. Manfreda maculosa (Hook.) Rose – spotted manfreda, amole de culebra, spice lily, Texas tuberose - Texas, Tamaulipas
  17. Manfreda malinaltenangensis Matuda - México State
  18. Manfreda nanchititlensis Matuda - México State
  19. Manfreda paniculata L.Hern., R.A.Orellana & Carnevali - Yucatán
  20. Manfreda parva Aarón Rodr. - Guerrero
  21. Manfreda petskinil R.A.Orellana, L.Hern. & Carnevali - Yucatán
  22. Manfreda planifolia (S.Watson) Rose - Sonora, Chihuahua
  23. Manfreda potosina (B.L.Rob. & Greenm.) Rose - Nuevo León, San Luis Potosí
  24. Manfreda pringlei Rose - central Mexico
  25. Manfreda pubescens (Regel & Ortgies) Verh.-Will. ex Espejo & López-Ferr. - Morelos, Oaxaca, Chiapas
  26. Manfreda revoluta (Klotzsch) Rose - México State
  27. Manfreda rubescens Rose - Jalisco, Nayarit
  28. Manfreda scabra (Ortega) McVaugh - widespread from central Mexico south to Nicaragua
  29. Manfreda sileri Verh.-Will. – Siler's Tuberose - Tamaulipas, Texas
  30. Manfreda singuliflora (S.Watson) Rose - Sonora, Chihuahua
  31. Manfreda umbrophila García-Mend. - Guerrero, Oaxaca
  32. Manfreda undulata (Klotzsch) Rose - described in 1840 from specimens grown in a garden in Germany; never found in the wild, so probably extinct
  33. Manfreda variegata (Jacobi) Rose – Amole Akayman, Mottled Tuberose - widespread across Texas and much of Mexico
  34. Manfreda verhoekiae García-Mend - Oaxaca
  35. Manfreda virginica (L.) Salisb. ex Rose – Amole de Virginia, False Aloe - Tamaulipas, Nuevo León, southeastern United States from Texas to the Carolinas and West Virginia

The hybridized genus ×Mangave is created by cross-breeding species of Manfreda and Agave.[7][8]


  1. ^ a b c Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ Stevens, P.F., Angiosperm Phylogeny Website: Asparagales: Agavoideae
  3. ^ "Manfreda Salisbury, Gen. Pl. 78. 1866". Flora of North America. eFloras. Retrieved 2010-06-08.
  4. ^ Soule, J.A. 2013. Success with Succulents, Tierra del Sol Press.
  5. ^ "Manfreda". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 8 June 2010.
  6. ^ "Species records of Manfreda". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2010-02-04.
  7. ^ Hatch, Laurence C. (2017-04-22). International Register of Ornamental Plant Cultivars:: OROC Book IV: Hardy Herbaceous Perennials.
  8. ^ Calhoun, Scott (2012-11-09). Designer Plant Combinations: 105 Stunning Gardens Using Six Plants or Fewer. Storey Publishing. ISBN 9781603420044.

External links[edit]

Media related to Manfreda at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Manfreda at Wikispecies