Mangafodipir

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Mangafodipir
Mangafodipir 3D sticks.png
Mangafodipir.png
Clinical data
AHFS/Drugs.com Micromedex Detailed Consumer Information
Pregnancy
category
  • Not to be used
Routes of
administration
Intravenous infusion
Pharmacokinetic data
Bioavailability NA
Protein binding 27% (manganese)
Negligible (DPDP)
Biological half-life 20 minutes (manganese)
50 minutes (DPDP)
Excretion Renal and fecal (manganese)
Renal (DPDP)
Identifiers
CAS Number 119797-12-5 N
ATC code V08CA05 (WHO)
PubChem CID 3086672
ChemSpider 2343239 YesY
UNII N02W67RKJS YesY
ChEMBL CHEMBL1628235 N
Chemical data
Formula C22H28MnN4O14P2
Molar mass 689.362 g/mol
 NYesY (what is this?)  (verify)

Mangafodipir (sold under the brand name Teslascan as mangafodipir trisodium) is a contrast agent delivered intravenously to enhance contrast in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the liver. It has two parts, paramagnetic manganese (II) ions and the chelating agent fodipir (dipyridoxyl diphosphate, DPDP). Normal liver tissue absorbs the manganese more than abnormal or cancerous tissue. The manganese shortens the longitudinal relaxation time (T1), making the normal tissue appear brighter in MRIs. This enhanced contrast allows lesions to be more easily identified.

Teslascan was withdrawn from the US market in 2003[1] and the European market in 2012.[2]

Reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reactive nitrogen species (RNS) participate in pathological tissue damage. Mitochondrial manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) normally keeps ROS and RNS in check. During development of mangafodipir as an MRI contrast agent, it was discovered that it possessed MnSOD mimetic activity. Mangafodipir has been tested as a chemotherapy adjunct in cancer patients and as an adjunct to percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with myocardial infarctions, with promising results.[3] Whereas MRI contrast depends on release of Mn2+, the MnSOD mimetic activity depends on Mn2+ that remains bound to DPDP. Calmangafodipir [Ca4Mn(DPDP)5] (brand name PledOx) is stabilized with respect to Mn2+ and has improved therapeutic activity.[3] Calmangafodipir is being explored as a chemotherapy adjunct in cancer patients.

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