View of Mangalagiri town
|Named for||The Auspicious Hill|
|• Type||Municipal council|
|• Body||Mangalagiri Municipality
|• MLA||Alla Rama Krishna Reddy (YSR Congress Party)|
|• Municipal commissioner||N.V.Nageswara Rao|
|• Town||10.49 km2 (4.05 sq mi)|
|• Metro||40.97 km2 (15.82 sq mi)|
|Elevation||43 m (141 ft)|
|• Official language||Telugu|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Bapatla (SC)|
Mangalagiri is a town in Guntur district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is one of the 12 municipalities in the district. The town is the headquarters of Mangalagiri mandal and administered under Guntur Revenue Division. It is situated on National Highway 5 between Vijayawada and Guntur. The town was known to be existed since 225 B.C..
Mangalagiri translates to The Auspicious Hill (Mangala = Auspicious, Giri = Hill) in the local language. It was derived from the name Totadri. During Vijayanagara Kingdom, it was also known as Mangala Nilayam.
It is dated to 1520 and mentions the capture of Kondavidu by Timmarasu, general of Krishna Deva Raya, in 1515 from the Gajapati rulers of Kalinga (ancient Odisha). Another stone near the temple of Garudalvar has inscriptions on four sides recording grants in the reign of Sadasiva Raya of Vijayanagara Empire 1538. The lofty gopuram in the temple at the foot of the hill was erected by Raja Vasireddy Venkatadri Nayudu in 1807-1809, and in terms of sculpture and architecture this temple stands to be an ultimate testament for the ancient vishwakarma sthapathis in planning and sculpting these temples.
Mangalagiri was under the control of Golkonda Nawabs for a long period. It was plundered in 1780 by Hyder Jung but could not be conquered. In 1816, a gang of Pindaris again looted the place. It slowly recovered from these two attacks during the time of Raja Vasireddy Venkatadri Nayudu who ruled the place from Amaravati. There is a big koneru (tank) in the center of the place which went dry in 1882. As many as 9,840 guns and 44 bullets which might have been related to Pindaris have been found here after the Pindaris looted this place.The picturesque hill was visited by the great Sri Krishna Deva Raya.
In the 1970s there was huge water scarcity in Mangalagiri. Goli Gopala Rao, the then municipal chairman of Mangalagiri, brought water to the town through water pipelines and he was called "Apara Baghiratha" due to his services to the public.
Mangalagiri is located at  It has an average elevation of 29.08 m (95.4 ft)..
As per Köppen-Geiger climate classification system the climate in Mangalagiri is tropical. The average temperature is warm to hot around the year. Summer clothing suffices through most of the year. The summer season (especially during May/June) has the highest temperatures, but these are usually followed by monsoon rains in that season.
The winter season (from October to February) is the most enjoyable with a pleasant climate.Winter months may get more rainfall than summer but there are dry spells during the winter season. The wettest month is July. The average annual temperature is 28.5 C and The average annual rainfall is 1046 mm
As of 2011[update] Census of India, the town had a population of 73,613. The total population constitute, 36,532 males, 37,081 females and 7,706 children, in the age group of 0–6 years. The average literacy rate stands at 76.16% with 50,197 literates, significantly higher than the national average of 73.00%.
Government and politics
The municipality of the town oversees the civic needs, like water supply, sewage, garbage collection etc. It was establishment in the year 1969 and has an extent of 10.49 km2 (4.05 sq mi). The area under VGTM UDA has an extent of 40.97 km2 (15.82 sq mi). During 2010–2011 period, total expenditure per annum was ₹3.52 crore (US$550,000), while the total income generated per annum was ₹5.4 crore (US$840,000). The composition of the municipality is of two types, one is Elected Wing, headed by Municipal Council and the second is Executive Wing, headed by Municipal commissioner. The present municipal commissioner of is N.V.Nageswara Rao. Services and works undertaken by the municipality are extension and development of roads, of which 100 km (62 mi) were completed. The municipality also runs 15 elementary schools and a maternity and child health center as well.
Mangalagiri town is a part of Mangalagiri (Assembly constituency) for Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly. Alla Rama Krishna Reddy is the present MLA of the constituency representing YSRCP. The assembly segment is in turn a part of Guntur (Lok Sabha constituency), which was won by Galla Jayadev.
Mangalagiri is located on NH 5 that connects Kolkata and Chennai. It has a railway station situated on the Howrah-Chennai main line, administered under the jurisdiction of Guntur division of South Central Railway zone. Vijayawada Airport is the nearest domestic airport to the town.
The town is having many schools, colleges and universities namely
- Acharya Nagarjuna University, a state government university
- NRI Academy of Medical Sciences
- K L University, a deemed private university etc.
Undavalli caves, located near Mangalagiri, a specimen of Indian rock-cut architecture. The historic caves are located at the top of the hills overlooking the Krishna River, built during the 4th-5th century. Dedicated to Ananta Padmanabha Swamy and Narasimha Swamy, Undavalli Cave Temples are associated with the Vishnukundina kings.
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