Coordinates: 43°49′02″N 28°34′58″E / 43.81722°N 28.58278°E / 43.81722; 28.58278
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  • From top, left to right: Olimp beach
  • Mangalia port
  • Historic Lighthouse
  • Ruins of the ancient city of Callatis
Coat of arms of Mangalia
Location in Constanța County
Location in Constanța County
Mangalia is located in Romania
Location in Romania
Coordinates: 43°49′02″N 28°34′58″E / 43.81722°N 28.58278°E / 43.81722; 28.58278
 • Mayor (2020–2024) Cristian Radu[1] (PNL)
62.26 km2 (24.04 sq mi)
20 m (70 ft)
 • Density510/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Time zoneEET/EEST (UTC+2/+3)
Vehicle reg.CT

Mangalia (Romanian pronunciation: [maŋˈɡali.a] , Turkish: Mankalya), ancient Callatis (Greek: Κάλλατις/Καλλατίς; other historical names: Pangalia, Panglicara, Tomisovara), is a city and a port on the coast of the Black Sea in the south-east of Constanța County, Northern Dobruja, Romania.

The municipality of Mangalia also administers several summertime seaside resorts: Cap Aurora, Jupiter, Neptun, Olimp, Saturn, Venus.


The Greek colony of Callatis was founded in the 6th century BC by the city of Heraclea Pontica.[3] Its first silver coinage was minted around 350 BC. In 72 BC, Callatis was conquered by the Roman general Lucullus and was assigned to the Roman province of Moesia Inferior. Throughout the 2nd century AD, the city built defensive fortifications and the minting of coinage under the Roman emperors Septimius Severus and Caracalla continued. Callatis suffered multiple invasions in the 3rd century AD but recovered in the 4th century AD to regain its status as an important trade hub and port city.[4] From the 7th to the 11th century the city was under the rule of the First Bulgarian Empire.

Callatis existed until the mid-7th century under this name. Life in the town resumed from the 10th century. In the 13th century Callatis came to be known as Pangalia.[5] The Vlachs called it Tomisovara[6] and the Greeks called it Panglicara.[6] From the 16th century the town had acquired its present name, Mangalia.


A Roman Byzantine building has been excavated against the city wall and next to a street paved with big limestone tiles and which has a channel on its longitudinal axis. It is composed of an atrium with a complex system for collecting rainwater, a palace composed of monumental halls with columns and a basilica. It was probably a bishop's palace.

Geography and climate[edit]

Mangalia is positioned at 43°49’ latitude and 28°35’ longitude, with an approximate elevation of 10 meters, 44 kilometres (27 miles) south of the municipality of Constanţa, on the same latitude as the French resort of Nice. Mangalia is one of the southernmost resorts on the Romanian coast of the Black Sea.

Mangalia is characterized by a moderate maritime climate (annual average temperature 11 °C (52 °F) - one of the highest in Romania) with hot summers (July average over 21 °C (70 °F)) and mild winters (January average 1 °C (34 °F)), Mangalia being the country's second place, after Băile Herculane, with positive average temperatures in wintertime. Spring comes early but is cool and autumn is long and warm. In summer, cloudiness is reduced (about 25 sunny days in a month) and the duration of sunshine is of 10–12 hours a day. Annual precipitation is low (about 400 mm (16 in)).

The sea breeze is stronger in summer. The natural cure factors are the water of the Black Sea, which is chlorided, sulphated, sodic, magnesian, hypotonic (mineralization 15.5g), the sulphurous, chlorided, bicarbonated, sodic, calcic, mesothermal (21-28 °C) mineral waters of the springs in the northern part of the city, in the area of the beach between Saturn and Venus, the sulphurous peat mud, rich in minerals, which is extracted from the peat bog north of the city (expected to last another 250 years) and the marine climate, rich in saline aerosols and solar radiation that have a bracing effect on the organism.

The resort has a large, fine-sand beach developed for purposes of aeroheliotherapy and wave therapy, as well as high seawalls with a specific microclimate where one may benefit from inhalations of saline aerosols having therapeutic effects.

Climate data for Mangalia
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 5
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) −2
Source: Weatherbase[7]


Historical population
1912 1,929—    
1930 2,764+43.3%
1948 4,547+64.5%
1956 4,792+5.4%
1966 12,674+164.5%
1977 26,821+111.6%
1992 43,960+63.9%
2002 40,037−8.9%
2011 36,364−9.2%
2021 31,950−12.1%
Source: Census data

At the 2021 census, Mangalia had a population of 31,950.[8] At the 2011 census, the city had 36,364 residents; of those, 90.6% were ethnic Romanians, 4.4% Turks, 3.6% Tatars, 0.5% Roma, 0.3% Lipovans, and 0.6% belonged to other ethnic groups. According to religion, for respondents for whom data is available, 89.5% were Romanian Orthodox, 8.3% Muslim, 0.9% Roman Catholic, 0.3% Pentecostal, and 1% other or none.

Tourist attractions[edit]

  • The city has been well known in recent years as the place where one of the largest summer festivals in Romania takes place: Callatis Festival;
  • The Scythian tomb discovered in 1959 where archaeologists unearthed fragments of a papyrus in Greek, the first document of this kind in Romania;
  • The incineration tombs (the necropolis of the Callatis citadel, dating back to the 4th-2nd centuries BC);
  • The ruins of the Callatis citadel (6th century BC);
  • The Turkish Esmahan Sultan Mosque (16th century);
  • The Archaeology Museum which shelters a rich collection of amphorae and sculptures from the Hellenistic epoch, fragments of stone sarcophagi;
  • Mangalia Marina




The current mayor of Mangalia is Cristian Radu (PNL).[1]

The Mangalia Municipal Council, elected in the 2020 local government elections, is made up of 19 councilors, with the following party composition:[1]

    Party Seats Current Council
  National Liberal Party (PNL) 10                    
  PSD+ALDE+PNȚCD 5                    
  Ecologist Party of Romania (PER) 3                    
  PRO Romania (PRO) 1                    

International relations[edit]

Mangalia is twinned with:[9]


  1. ^ a b c "Results of the 2020 local elections". Central Electoral Bureau. Archived from the original on 9 October 2020. Retrieved 15 June 2021.
  2. ^ "Populaţia rezidentă după grupa de vârstă, pe județe și municipii, orașe, comune, la 1 decembrie 2021" (XLS). National Institute of Statistics.
  3. ^ Amphoras from Callatis (Romania), International Journal of Nautical Archaeology,[1] Archived 18 October 2015 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ Michael Grant, A Guide to the Ancient World, New York: Barnes and Noble Books 1997, p. 140.
  5. ^ Preda, C. 1968: Callatis. Bucharest.
  6. ^ a b Innocenzi, Alfredo (1 March 2016). Dobrogea:o frontiera uitata (in Romanian). Youcanprint. ISBN 9788893328678.
  7. ^ "Weatherbase data Mangalia". Archived from the original on 2 April 2019. Retrieved 21 October 2008.
  8. ^ "Populația rezidentă după grupa de vârstă, pe județe și municipii, orașe, comune, la 1 decembrie 2021" (in Romanian). INSSE. 31 May 2023. Archived from the original on 26 June 2023. Retrieved 24 October 2023.
  9. ^ "Orase infratite". (in Romanian). Mangalia. Archived from the original on 8 February 2023. Retrieved 25 October 2019.
  1. Alexandru Avram. Kallatis. - In: Ancient Greek Colonies in the Black Sea. Vol. 1. Eds. Dimitrios V. Grammenos and Elias K. Petropoulos. Oxford, Archaeopress, 2001 (BAR International Series; 1675 (1-2)), 239–286.