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Mangaluru Airport

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Mangaluru Airport
Mangalore Airport New Terminal.jpg
Aerial view of the passenger terminal
Airport type Public
Owner/Operator Airports Authority of India
Serves Mangalore
Location Bajpe, Karnataka, India
Elevation AMSL 337 ft / 103 m
Coordinates 12°57′41″N 074°53′24″E / 12.96139°N 74.89000°E / 12.96139; 74.89000Coordinates: 12°57′41″N 074°53′24″E / 12.96139°N 74.89000°E / 12.96139; 74.89000
IXE is located in Karnataka
IXE is located in India
Direction Length Surface
ft m
09/27 5,300 1,615 Asphalt
06/24 8,038 2,450 Concrete
Statistics (2015-16)
Passenger movements 1,674,251(Increase28.1%)
Aircraft movements 13,805 (Increase20.0%)
Cargo tonnage 936 (Increase36.8%)
Source: AAI,[1]

Mangaluru Airport (IATA: IXEICAO: VOML), also known as the Bajpe airport, is an international airport[2] serving the coastal city of Mangalore, India. It is one of the only two International airports in Karnataka, the other one being Kempegowda International Airport, Bangalore. Several daily flights connect Mangalore with most major cities in southern and western India as well as many major cities in the Middle East. The airport, then the Bajpe Aerodrome, was opened on 25 December 1951[3] when then Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru arrived on a DC-3 Dakota aircraft.[3][4]

As of 2014, Mangaluru Airport has one of highest year-over-year passenger growth rates in India, with a 54 percent growth in international passenger traffic.[5] Even though the primary location of service is Mangalore, this airport also serves many places in Coastal Karnataka and Malnad regions such as Manipal, Udupi, Kundapur, Shimoga, Madikeri, Sakaleshpura, Chikmagalur, Bhatkal and also the northern part of Kerala such as Kasaragod.


The airport is near Bajpe, around 13 km (8.1 mi)[6] northeast of Mangalore city centre. It is on top of a hill, with two tabletop runways (9/27 and 6/24). Only two other airports in India have tabletop runways – Kozhikode and Lengpui.[7] The terminal was very small and had basic facilities; it was renovated in the early 2000s. New seats were added, parking controls were introduced, and additional cafes were opened. The airport was initially used for limited domestic flights, mainly Mumbai and Bangalore.

The operation of international flights started in 2006 with Air India Express flying to Dubai. Mangaluru Airport was a customs airport[8] for six years, from 3 October 2006 to 3 October 2012, before it was granted the status of International Airport.[9]

Until 2005, the small 1,600 m (5,249 ft) runway meant the airport could only handle Boeing 737-400 size aircraft. The longer runway now handles slightly larger aircraft. On 10 January 2006 an Airbus A319 of Kingfisher Airlines was the first aircraft in that class to land on the new runway.[10] On 28 September 2012 an Airbus A310 landed for the first time at Mangalore. It was a charter flight for the Hajj pilgrims to Mecca, Saudi Arabia.[11]

Airport has seen double digit growth in passenger traffic after introducing international flights. As of 2014, the airport had a growth of 21.51 per cent in passenger handling during 2013–14, with 54 per cent growth in international traffic. It has handled 1,255,000 passengers in 2013–14 against 1,032,000 in 2012–13.[5] The airport is expected to handle 900,000 passengers in 2025.[12][13]

In 2011–12 the airport had a revenue of 42.64 crores and an operating profit of 87.6 million,[14] up from 8.3 million in 2006–07.[15] In 2012–13 the airport handled a landmark 1.02 million passengers with 11,940 aircraft movements.[14] The revenue for the same period was Rs 506.6 million, and it recorded an operating profit of Rs 164.9 million during 2012–13.[14] In 2013–14 it handled a 1.25 million passengers with revenues of Rs 638.9 million.[16]



The first runway (9/27), 1,615 m (5,299 ft) long, was opened in 1951. It is a tabletop runway, with landing approaches that lead up to the extreme edges of a hillside.[17][18] The edges of the hill drop into a valley from a height of about 90 m (300 ft) to 9 m (30 ft)) within a short distance of just 500 m (1,600 ft) on the east of the runway and from about 83 m (272 ft) to 25 m (82 ft) on the western side.[17] The runway was not level, with the height varying from 90 m (300 ft) to 83 m (272 ft) from east to west. Landing on this short runway was considered difficult.[17]

Mangaluru Airport was the first airport in Karnataka to have two runways[19] and the first to have a runway made of concrete.[20] The second runway (6/24), 2,450 m (8,038 ft) long, was opened on 10 May 2006. A Jet Airways flight from Bangalore with 95 passengers on board was the first to land on this runway.[21] The airport has acquired land to build a taxiway parallel to the new runway to reduce aircraft on ground time.[22]

Union minister of state for civil aviation Praful Patel announced on 15 May 2010 that a work order for extending the runway to 9,000 feet (2,740 m) would be issued soon.[23] After the crash of Air India Express Flight 812, the minister reaffirmed on 30 May 2010 that the runway extension will take place and will take into account the spillover area required during an emergency.[24]

Safety improvements were implemented after the directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) identified this as one of the 11 airports in India as unsafe. Addition of a runway end safety area, ensuring proper markings on the runway, and proper maintenance of the basic strip were among the improvements.[25][26]

Passenger terminal

One of two aero bridges at the terminal.

The road to the new terminal reduces the distance between the city and the airport by about 8 km (5.0 mi).[27] The airport had a trial run of the terminal for domestic flights on 16 December 2009.[28] On 15 May 2010, the terminal building was inaugurated by Civil Aviation Minister, Praful Patel,[29] along with former Chief Minister of Karnataka, B. S. Yeddyurappa. It was to be opened to air traffic on 1 July 2010, but it became operational on 2 August 2010 due to delays caused by the Air India Express Flight 812 accident.[30][31]

Since 1 September 2010, the airport is charging a user development fee (UDF) of 150 (US$2.20) per passenger for domestic flights and 825 (US$12) for international flights. This fee was approved by the Civil Aviation Ministry.[32]

As of 15 May 2010, 26 domestic flights and 52 international flights were operated every week.[33]

Air traffic control

The construction of a new air traffic control (ATC) tower was completed in June 2014,[34] and commissioned for one-month trial on 19 January 2015.[35] After the trial period it will be run normally for two more months.[35] DGCA approval will be received based on the results of the trial and normal operations in this period.[35]

On 5 September 2013 the Airports Authority of India commissioned a DGCA approved advanced automated air traffic management system, replacing the older system.[36] The system enhances flight safety by providing flight plans, direction finders, and air-ground-data link messages.[36] This system processes radar feeds from Bangalore, Chennai, and Thiruvananthapuram and displays them at Mangalore.[36]

Spicejet Q400 VT-SUE at Mangalore International Airport

Old terminal

The Cargo Terminal

Since 2011 the old terminal has been used for direct flights to Madinah, Saudi Arabia, for pilgrims undertaking the Hajj.[37] In 2011 and 2012 chartered flights landed at Mangalore International Airport and carried passengers from the old terminal building.[11]

Indian Coast Guard Air Station

The Mangaluru Airport Director announced on 28 January 2016 that the Airports Authority of India have handed over 17,000 sqft of space at the old terminal building to the Indian Coast Guard to set up an air station for its air operations.[38] The ICG has proposed to station two of its Dornier air craft at the air station.[38]

Future expansion

  • Addition of two more aerobridges to the terminal building[39] and two parking bays to the apron, extending the parking bays to eight.[39]
  • Currently the apron is connected to the edge of runway 06, and aircraft movements on the apron have to be stopped when a plane lands and can only resume when it reaches the apron.[40] A new 2,400-metre[39] taxiway will be built parallel to the runway and join the runway ahead of the landing threshold,[40] enabling aircraft on the apron to move towards the runway and hold, saving 10 to 15 minutes.[40] The construction work on the parallel taxiway started on 1 November 2014,[41] and was slated to be opened on 1 May 2015,[42] however another news report says the project to be completed in February 2016.[43]
  • The runway is 2,450 m (8,040 ft).[44] AAI has not yet implemented the recommendation of the 812 crash inquiry committee, which had recommended lengthening the runway. AAI is not ready to invest in the runway expansion; it wants the state government to invest in it, though wide-bodied A310 and new airlines are allowed to operate by the regulatory authorities. User development fees are being charged by the AAI, but it has not started work on the runway lengthening.[45][46]
  • Expansion of the Passenger Terminal to accommodate more passengers. The estimates for the year 2025 made by the AAI while constructing the new passenger terminal were already crossed in 2012. It is expected that the terminal will not be able to accommodate the increasing traffic in the coming years.[47]
  • Commencement of wide-body aircraft flights from the airport, under a public-private partnership model, depending on allotment of 1 km2 (247.1 acres) of land from the government.[48]

Airlines and destinations

Airlines Destinations
Air India Mumbai
Air India Express Abu Dhabi, Bahrain, Dammam, Doha, Dubai–International, Kuwait, Muscat
IndiGo Bengaluru, Mumbai (both begin 1 May 2017) [49]
Jet Airways Abu Dhabi, Bangalore, Chennai, Delhi, Dubai–International, Hyderabad (resumes 10 December 2017), Mumbai
SpiceJet Belgaum, Bangalore, Dubai–International, Hyderabad, Mumbai
Seasonal: Visakhapatnam


Presently it ranks 12 in the list of airports with international passenger traffic after Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Cochin, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Thiruvananthapuram, Ahmedabad, Kozhikode, Thiruchirapalli international airports.[50] The Airport had 8.91 lakh passengers in the FY 2011-12 and witnessed a growth rate of 5.44%. According to the airport sources it has a target of achieving 16 lac passengers traffic in the FY 2016-17[51]

Mangalore International Airport passenger traffic statistics [52][53]
Year Rank Passengers Growth Rank Change
2015-16 21 1,674,251 Increase 28.1% Steady
2014-15 21 1,307,083 Increase 1.82% Decrease 3
2013-14 18 1,283,667 Increase 23.02% Increase 3
2012-13 21 1,043,386

Air cargo complex

Air cargo complex of the airport was commissioned in the year 2013.[54]

Tonnage and Annual Handling Capacity
Cargo Type Total covered area Capacity (One time handling capacity)
International Cargo 1400 sqm 140 MT
Domestic Cargo 1094 sqm 110 MT

Major commodities are fresh vegetable, Chilled Fish, Ornamental Fish, Cashew Nut, Flowers and Machinery Parts.[54]


KSRTC (Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation) offers bus service between the airport (from the bottom of the hill) and Central Railway Station.[55][56] Taxis ply between the airport and the city of Mangalore. Prepaid taxi service is available around the clock at the airport counter in the arrival hall.

Ola Cabs has started the services in the city which extends to the Airport in Mini, Micro and Sedan categories.[57]

Accidents and incidents

Mangaluru Airport is in a region that receives the highest rainfall in India.[58] Minor incidents, especially overshooting the runway during landings, have been reported in the rainy season.[59] This airport was the scene of the third deadliest aviation disaster in India. This incident led to the implementation of major safety improvements at the airport.[48][60]

Major incidents are listed below.

  • On 19 August 1981, Indian Airlines Flight 557, a HAL 748 VT-DXF overshot the 5,783 feet (1,763 m) old runway 27 at Mangalore-Bajpe Airport in wet weather.[61] The aircraft came to a halt just beyond the runway edge. While there were no fatalities, the aircraft was damaged beyond repair and was written off. One of the passengers was Veerappa Moily, then Finance Minister of Karnataka.[62] An investigation revealed that the pilot had not set the aircraft's flaps to the correct position for landing, and the aircraft had landed long on the runway and at excessive speed. The runway had a downslope and the aircraft had landed with a tailwind. The aircraft involved was HAL 748 VT-DXF, with manufacturer's serial number 511;[61] it first flew in 1967.
  • On 22 May 2010, Air India Express Flight 812, a Boeing 737-800 VT-AXV, flying on the Dubai-Mangalore route, overshot the 8,033 feet (2,448 m) runway number 06/24, killing 158 people, including 6 crew; only 8 survived. The aircraft crashed when it overshot the runway and veered into a steep gorge at the end of the runway.[63] The starboard wing impacted the concrete socket of the instrument landing system (ILS) localiser antenna, rendering it unusable.[64] This resulted in delayed or cancelled flights for two weeks during the monsoon rains, which reduced visibility.[64] It took the airport a little under a month to repair and calibrate the ILS and bring it back online.[65]

See also


  2. ^ Cabinet grants international airport status to five airports The Economic Times. Retrieved 4 October 2012
  3. ^ a b "First man who landed in Mangalore: Airport is fine". Rediff News. 26 May 2010. Retrieved 31 May 2010. 
  4. ^ "The Green Green Fields of Home". 29 September 2006. Archived from the original on 14 July 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2008. 
  5. ^ a b "Mangalore airport flier traffic rises by 21 p.c.". The Hindu. Retrieved 2017-03-17. 
  6. ^ "Airports Authority of India". Retrieved 2016-10-10. 
  7. ^ "Indian skies are safe for flying: Kanu Gohain, Ex-Director General, DGCA". The Economic Times. 23 May 2010. Retrieved 23 May 2010. 
  8. ^ [PIB] "The Custom airports are Mangalore, ... "
  9. ^ Our Bureau. "Business Line : News / States: Mangalore airport gets international status". Business Line. Retrieved 30 December 2012. 
  10. ^ "Kingfisher Creates History – Airbus A-319 Trial Flight Lands at Bajpe". DaijiWorld. 13 January 2006. Retrieved 3 November 2006. 
  11. ^ a b Airbus 310 Cynosure of All Eyes at Mangalore Airport accessdate 28 September 2012
  12. ^ Special Correspondent (5 October 2012). "Cities / Mangalore : Mangalore Airport gets international tag". The Hindu. Retrieved 30 December 2012. 
  13. ^ "Passenger traffic up in Mangalore Airport". The Hindu. 2 February 2011. Retrieved 22 October 2011. 
  14. ^ a b c [1] The Hindu Business Line 1 May 2013
  15. ^ "Mangalore airport revenue up". The Times of India. 21 August 2012. Retrieved 25 August 2012. 
  16. ^ MIA handles record passengers during 2013–14 at a growth of 21.71%. Times of India 24 April 2014
  17. ^ a b c "Hi-fliers on a high". The Hindu. 16 December 2006. Retrieved 29 January 2008. 
  18. ^ "Mangalore airport upgradation plan – Economic 'gains' vs local 'interests'". Environment Support Group. 17 July 1998. Archived from the original on 11 April 2012. Retrieved 29 January 2008. 
  19. ^ "New runway at Bajpe airport meets all norms". The Hindu. 21 September 2006. Retrieved 8 February 2007. 
  20. ^ "Pilot training programme at Bajpe airport from Sunday". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 4 January 2007. Retrieved 8 February 2007. 
  21. ^ "New runway at IXE opened for commercial operations". The Hindu. 11 May 2006. Retrieved 10 January 2011. 
  22. ^ "Land for parallel taxiway at Bajpe Airport notified". 11 June 2008. Archived from the original on 14 July 2011. Retrieved 3 July 2008. 
  23. ^ "Rs 100 crore more for upgrading Mangalore airport". Press Trust of India. 15 May 2010. Retrieved 25 May 2010. [dead link]
  24. ^ "Mangalore airport runway length to be increased by 1,000 ft". The Hindu. 30 May 2010. Retrieved 25 May 2010. 
  25. ^ Mangalore’s table-top airport one of the most unsafe in India: DGCA DNA
  26. ^ DGCA finally renews licence of Mangalore Airport Coastal
  27. ^ "New terminal almost ready at Mangalore airport". Bangalore Mirror. 29 June 2007. Archived from the original on 7 July 2011. Retrieved 10 August 2009. 
  28. ^ "Successful trial run of domestic flight". The Times of India. 16 December 2009. Retrieved 9 February 2010. 
  29. ^ "Mangalore airport may go international soon". The Times of India. 15 May 2010. Retrieved 17 May 2010. 
  30. ^ "New Airport Terminal to open tomorrow". The Times of India. 1 August 2010. Retrieved 1 August 2010. 
  31. ^ "New Integrated Terminal Building of Mangalore Airport at Kenjar in Action". Daijiworld. 2 August 2010. Retrieved 4 August 2010. 
  32. ^ "UDF at M'lore airport from 1 September". The Times of India. 10 August 2010. 
  33. ^ "Big boost for Mangalore airport – Bangalore – DNA". 2010-05-15. Retrieved 2017-03-17. 
  34. ^ Kamila, Raviprasad (22 June 2014). "Mangalore airport takes wings with new Air Traffic Control". The Hindu. Retrieved 17 September 2014. 
  35. ^ a b c Mangalore airport gets new air traffic control tower Hindu Business Line 20 January 2015
  36. ^ a b c Mangalore airport to get advanced air traffic management system The Hindu 6 September 2013
  37. ^ First Hajj flight takes off from Mangalore with 159 pilgrims accessdate 28 September 2012
  38. ^ a b Coast Guard gets space at Mangaluru airport for air squadron The Hindu 1 February 2016
  39. ^ a b c The Hindu, 16 June 2016
  40. ^ a b c Mangalore airport to have new taxiway for rush days ahead The Hindu 24 May 2013
  41. ^ Manglore airport to be shut at night for six months Zee News 18 October 2014
  42. ^ "Mangaluru: Airport ready for uninterrupted functioning from May 1". 2015-03-21. Retrieved 2017-03-17. 
  43. ^ Works on parallel taxiways at airport begins The Hindu 12 September 2014
  44. ^ Our Bureau. "Business Line : Industry & Economy / Logistics : Mangalore runway expansion: Preliminary notification soon for land acquisition". Business Line. Retrieved 30 December 2012. 
  45. ^ Our Bureau (9 February 2012). "Hubli, Mangalore airports figure in AAI's development plan – Business Line". The Hindu Business Line. Retrieved 24 March 2013. 
  46. ^ Tarun Shukla (20 January 2013). "Mangalore air crash: panel formed to implement preventive steps". Livemint. Retrieved 24 March 2013. 
  47. ^ A. J. Vinayak (14 October 2012). "Business Line : Industry & Economy / Logistics : Mangalore airport enters the big boys' league". Business Line. Retrieved 30 December 2012. 
  48. ^ a b "More international routes from Mangalore airport in 2013". The Times of India. Retrieved 30 December 2012. 
  49. ^
  50. ^ "Mangalore Airport records growth in passenger traffic". 
  51. ^ "Mangaluru airport takes giant steps with 22 % growth in passenger traffic". 
  52. ^ "Mar2k16annex3.pdf" (PDF). Airports Authority of India. 
  53. ^ "Mar2k15annex3.pdf" (PDF). Airports Authority of India. 
  54. ^ a b "Airports Authority of India". Retrieved 2016-10-29. 
  55. ^ Mangalore: Seven KSRTC Buses Start Functioning in City
  56. ^ KSRTC launches seven new city services in Mangalore Times of India
  57. ^ Technologies, Olacabs - ANI. "Ola cabs Fare in mangalore | Taxi fare in mangalore | Cabs Fare Calculator in mangalore". Retrieved 2016-10-09. 
  58. ^ "Annual Rainfall Map of India, Rainfall in India". Retrieved 24 March 2013. 
  59. ^ Stanley Pinto, TNN 15 August 2012, 04.39PM IST (15 August 2012). "Air India flight makes hard landing in Mangalore, causes scare". The Times of India. Retrieved 24 March 2013. 
  60. ^ Special Correspondent (28 October 2011). "More safety measures at Mangalore airport". The Hindu. Retrieved 24 March 2013. 
  61. ^ a b "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 24 June 2010. 
  62. ^ "Moily's close shave in Mangalore 30 years ago". The Hindu. 22 May 2010. Retrieved 24 June 2010. 
  63. ^ "150 killed as Air India plane crashes in Mangalore". Hindustan Times. 22 May 2010. Archived from the original on 25 May 2010. Retrieved 22 May 2010. 
  64. ^ a b Pinto, Stanley G (9 June 2010). "Airline companies bleed as flights get cancelled". The Times of India. Retrieved 17 June 2010. 
  65. ^ "Instrument Landing System Begins Operation at Mangalore Airport Again". 17 June 2010. Retrieved 17 June 2010. 

External links

Media related to Mangaluru Airport at Wikimedia Commons