Manganese(III) acetate

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Manganese triacetate
Mn3O(OAc)6.png
Manganese(III) acetate dihydrate CAS 19513-05-4.jpg
Names
IUPAC name
Manganese triacetate
Other names
Manganese triacetate dihydrate; Manganese(III) acetate dihydrate, Manganic acetate
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.012.365
Properties
C6H9MnO6•2H2O
Molar mass 268.13 g/mol (dihydrate)
Appearance Brown powder
Density 1.049 g cm−3, liquid; 1.266 g cm−3, solid
Hazards
R-phrases (outdated) R36/37/38, R62, R63
S-phrases (outdated) S26, S37/39
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Manganese(III) acetate describes a family of coordination complexes with the approximate formula Mn(O2CCH3)3. All are brown solids, which are soluble in acetic acid and water. These compounds are used in organic synthesis as oxidizing agents.[1]

Structure[edit]

Compounds with the formula Mn(O2CCH3)3 have not been verified. Instead manganese(III) acetate adopts the structure reminiscent of those of basic chromium acetate and basic iron acetate. For this reason, manganese(III) acetate is sometimes referred to as basic manganese acetate. The formula is [Mn3O(O2CCH3)6Ln]X where L is a ligand and X is an anion. The coordination polymer [Mn3O(O2CCH3)6]O2CCH3.HO2CCH3 has been crystallized.[2]

Preparation[edit]

It is usually used as the dihydrate, although the anhydrous form is also used in some situations. The dihydrate is prepared by combining potassium permanganate and manganese(II) acetate in acetic acid.[3] Addition of acetic anhydride to the reaction produces the anhydrous form.[1][2] It is also synthesized by electrochemical method starting from Mn(OAc)2.[4]

Use in organic synthesis[edit]

Manganese triacetate has been used as a single electron oxidant. It can oxidize alkenes via addition of acetic acid to form lactones.[3]

Manganese acetate lactone generic.png

This process is thought to proceed via the formation of a •CH2CO2H radical intermediate, which then reacts with the alkene, followed by additional oxidation steps and finally ring closure.[1] When the alkene is not symmetric, the major product depends on the nature of the alkene, and is consistent with initial formation of the more stable radical (among the two carbons of the alkene) followed by ring closure onto the more stable conformation of the intermediate.[5]

When reacted with enones, the carbon on the other side of the carbonyl reacts rather than the alkene portion, leading to α'-acetoxy enones.[6] In this process, the carbon next to the carbonyl is oxidized by the manganese, followed by transfer of acetate from the manganese to it.[7] It can similarly oxidize β-ketoesters at the α carbon, and this intermediate can react with various other structures, including halides and alkenes (see: manganese-mediated coupling reactions). One extension of this idea is the cyclization of the ketoester portion of the molecule with an alkene elsewhere in the same structure.[8]


See Also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Snider, Barry B. (2001). "Manganese(III) Acetate". Encyclopedia of Reagents for Organic Synthesis. Wiley. doi:10.1002/047084289X.rm018.
  2. ^ a b Hessel, L. W.; Romers, C. (1969). "The Crystal Structure of "Anhydrous Manganic Acetate"". Recueil des Travaux Chimiques des Pays-Bas. 88: 545–552. doi:10.1002/recl.19690880505.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  3. ^ a b E. I. Heiba, R. M. Dessau, A. L. Williams, P. G. Rodewald (1983). "Substituted γ-butyrolactones From Carboxylic Acids And Olefins: γ-(n-octyl)-γ-butyrolactone". Org. Synth. 61: 22. doi:10.15227/orgsyn.061.0022.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  4. ^ Yılmaz, M.; Yılmaz, E. V. B.; Pekel, A. T. (2011). "Radical Cyclization of Fluorinated 1,3-Dicarbonyl Compounds with Dienes Using Manganese(III) Acetate and Synthesis of Fluoroacylated 4,5-Dihydrofurans". Helv. Chim. Acta. 94 (11): 2027–2038. doi:10.1002/hlca.201100105.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  5. ^ Fristad, W. E.; Peterson, J. R. (1985). "Manganese(III)-mediated γ-lactone annulation". J. Org. Chem. 50 (1): 10–18. doi:10.1021/jo00201a003.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  6. ^ Dunlap, Norma K.; Sabol, Mark R.; Watt, David S. (1984). "Oxidation of enones to α'-acetoxyenones using manganese triacetate". Tetrahedron Letters. 25: 5839–5842. doi:10.1016/S0040-4039(01)81699-3.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  7. ^ Williams, G. J.; Hunter, N. R. (1976). "Situselective α'-acetoxylationof some α,β-enones by manganic acetate oxidation". Can. J. Chem. 54 (24): 3830–3832. doi:10.1139/v76-550.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  8. ^ Snider, B. B.; Patricia, J. J.; Kates, S. A. (1988). "Mechanism of manganese(III)-based oxidation of β-keto esters". J. Org. Chem. 53: 2137–2141. doi:10.1021/jo00245a001.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)