Mangarevan mythology comprises the legends, historical tales, and sayings of the ancient Mangarevan people. It is considered a variant of a more general Polynesian mythology, developing its own unique character for several centuries before the 1830s. The religion was officially suppressed in the 19th century, and ultimately abandoned by the natives in favor of Roman Catholicism. The Mangarevan term for god was Etua.
Prominent figures and terms in Mangarevan mythology
- Tu, principal god
- Maui (Mangarevan mythology), among the principal gods
- Tagaroa, among the principal gods
- Tangaroa-Hurupapa, probably synonymous with Tagaroa
- Oro, among the principal gods
- Rogo, rain deity
- Toa-miru, goddess of childbirth
- Hina, a savage goddess
- Raka, god of the winds
- Huruamanu and Paparigakura mentioned as kindly gods living at Hapai
- Rao and Tupo were gods of turmeric
- Toa-hakanorenore, goddess incarnate in an eel
- Toa-huehuekaha, goddess appearing in soiled clothing
- Rekareka, god of pleasure
- Ru-te-ragi, god of the stars
- Makuputu, the god of the souls of deceased mortals
- Haumea, consort of Tagaroa
- Tiki, The first man
- Mauike, fire goddess
- Poaru, the underworld
- Po-porutu and pouaru, the heaven of happiness
- Po-garepurepu and po-kine, the heaven of darkness, of fear and dread
- Edward Tregear, Royal Society of New Zealand (1899). A Dictionary of Mangareva (or Gambier Islands). J. Mackay, Govt. Print. Off.
- R. D. Craig (1989). Dictionary of Polynesian Mythology. New York: Greenwood Press.
- Peter Henry Buck (1938). "Ethnology of Mangareva". Bernice P. Bishop Museum Bulletin 157 (Bernice P. Bishop Museum).
- Peter Henry Buck (1964). "15. On the Trail of the Rising Sun". Vikings of the Sunrise. Whitcombe and Tombs Limited.
- S. Percy Smith (1918). "Notes on the Mangareva, or Gambier group of islands, eastern Polynesia". Journal of the Polynesian Society (Polynesian Society) 27: 115–131.
- Vincent Ferrier Janeau (1908). Essai de grammaire de la langue des îles Gambier, ou Mangaréva. Impr. Zech.