Māngere (New Zealand electorate)

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Māngere electorate boundaries used since the 2008 election

Māngere (spelled Mangere before 1997) is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one member of parliament to the Representatives of New Zealand. The current MP for Māngere is William Sio,[1] elected for the Labour Party. He has held this electorate since 2008.

Population centres[edit]

Through an amendment in the Electoral Act in 1965, the number of electorates in the South Island was fixed at 25, an increase of one since the 1962 electoral redistribution.[2] It was accepted that through the more rapid population growth in the North Island, the number of its electorates would continue to increase, and to keep proportionality, three new electorates were allowed for in the 1967 electoral redistribution for the next election.[3] In the North Island, five electorates were newly created (including Mangere) and one electorate was reconstituted while three electorates were abolished.[4] In the South Island, three electorates were newly created and one electorate was reconstituted while three electorates were abolished.[5] The overall effect of the required changes was highly disruptive to existing electorates, with all but three electorates having their boundaries altered.[6] These changes came into effect with the 1969 election.[3]

Māngere is based around the South Auckland suburbs of Mangere, Mangere Bridge, Favona and Mangere East. It has existed as an electorate since 1969; its boundaries were extended ahead of the introduction of mixed-member proportional (MMP) voting in 1996, swallowing up a section of the former Papatoetoe electorate.

In the 2007 boundary redistribution, Papatoetoe and Middlemore were transferred to the Manukau East electorate.[7] The 2013/14 redistribution did not change the boundaries further.[8]

History[edit]

Māngere, and all of South Auckland, forms the safest part of the Labour Party's core vote. Even during landslide elections in the National Party's favour, such as in 1975 and 1990, no Labour candidate for Māngere was seriously troubled.

Māngere was first represented by Colin Moyle of the Labour Party in 1969. Moyle represented the electorate until his resignation in 1977 over what became known as the 'Moyle Affair', and a subsequent by-election was won by a young barrister named David Lange, who would become Prime Minister after Labour's 1984 election victory. Lange retired in 1996 and the nomination was handed to Taito Phillip Field, at the time the MP for Otara. Field was returned with a high share of the vote in subsequent elections, but following his expulsion from the Labour caucus in 2007, his former party nominated former Manukau City deputy mayor William Sio in his place, who won the seat with a majority of over 7,000 votes in the 2008 election.[1] In the 2011 and 2014 elections, Sio's majority was circa 15,000 votes.[9][10]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and started at general elections.

Key

 Labour    National    Independent  

Election Winner
1969 election Colin Moyle
1972 election
1975 election
1977 by-election David Lange
1978 election
1981 election
1984 election
1987 election
1990 election
1993 election
1996 election Taito Phillip Field[a]
1999 election
2002 election
2005 election
2007
2008 election William Sio
2011 election
2014 election
2017 election

List MPs[edit]

Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Māngere electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.

Election Winner
2005 election Clem Simich
2013 Claudette Hauiti[b]
2019 Agnes Loheni[c]

Election results[edit]

2017 election[edit]

2017 general election: Māngere [11]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
Labour Green tickY William Sio 18,810 68.69 −2.40 19,931 70.44 +3.51
National Agnes Loheni 4,213 15.36 +0.41 4,864 17.19 +1.68
Green Elaine Dyett 1,203 4.39 −0.08 760 2.69 −1.24
NZ First Mataroa Paroro 1,097 4.01 1,447 5.10 −2.18
Māori Esther Tofilau-Tevaga 880 3.22 573 2.02 +1.57
Mana James Papali'i 330 1.21 −0.81 48 0.17
Conservative Kevin Stitt 189 0.69 73 0.26 −2.78
Communist League Felicity Coggan 48 0.18
Opportunities   191 0.67
Legalise Cannabis   74 0.26 −0.05
People's Party   37 0.13
ACT   35 0.12 −0.13
United Future   10 0.04 −0.05
Internet   6 0.02
Ban 1080   3 0.01 −0.03
Outdoors   3 0.01
Democrats   2 0.01 −0.02
Informal votes 613 240
Total Valid votes 27,363 28,297
Labour hold Majority 14,957 53.33 −2.82

2014 election[edit]

2014 general election: Māngere[12]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
Labour Green tickY William Sio 18,908 71.09 −4.81 18,470 66.93 −4.89
National Misa Fia Turner 3,975 14.95 +2.35 4,281 15.51 +1.15
Conservative Edward Saafi 1,473 5.54 +3.10 839 3.04 +1.43
Green Muamua Sofi Strickson-Pua 1,190 4.47 +0.17 1,084 3.93 +0.08
Mana James Papali'i 536 2.02 +0.26
NZ First   2,008 7.28 +1.42
Internet Mana   324 1.17 +0.16[d]
Māori   124 0.45 −0.09
Legalise Cannabis   86 0.31 −0.07
ACT   68 0.25 −0.06
United Future   26 0.09 −0.11
Ban 1080   10 0.04 +0.04
Democrats   7 0.03 +0.03
Independent Coalition   5 0.02 +0.02
Focus   3 0.01 +0.01
Civilian   3 0.01 +0.01
Informal votes 514 514
Total Valid votes 26,596 27,597
Turnout 27,597 66.69 +3.44
Labour hold Majority 14,933 56.15 −7.15

2011 election[edit]

2011 general election: Māngere[9]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
Labour Green tickY William Sio 18,177 75.90 +23.49 17,960 71.82 +10.22
National Claudette Hauiti[b] 3,018 12.60 -1.35 3,592 14.36 -2.07
Green Todd Ross 1,030 4.30 +2.06 962 3.85 +1.81
NZ First Olivia Ilalio 597 2.49 +2.49 1,466 5.86 +2.55
Conservative Fa'avae Gagamoe 584 2.44 +2.44 402 1.61 +1.61
Mana James Papali'i 422 1.76 +1.76 252 1.01 +1.01
ACT Casey Costello 121 0.51 -0.52 77 0.31 -0.81
Māori   134 0.54 -0.43
Legalise Cannabis   95 0.38 -0.003
United Future   49 0.20 -0.67
Alliance   14 0.06 +0.03
Libertarianz   4 0.02 -0.01
Democrats   0 0.00 -0.01
Informal votes 856 518
Total Valid votes 23,949 25,007
Labour hold Majority 15,159 63.30 +33.78

Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 39,534[13]

2008 election[edit]

2008 general election: Māngere[14]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
Labour William Sio 12,651 52.40 15,446 61.60
Pacific Red XN Taito Phillip Field 5,525 22.89 2,683 10.70
National Mita Harris 3,368 13.95 4,120 16.43
Family Party Galumalemana Jerry Filipaina 999 4.14 297 1.18
Green Muamua Sofi Strickson-Pua 541 2.24 511 2.04
United Future Pulotu Selio Solomon 443 1.84 218 0.87
ACT Michael Tabachnik 247 1.02 280 1.12
RAM Roger Fowler 154 0.64 16 0.06
Progressive Tala Po'e 150 0.62 165 0.66
Independent Lemalu Talia Matatumua 63 0.26
NZ First   830 3.31
Māori   241 0.96
Legalise Cannabis   96 0.38
Bill and Ben   75 0.30
Kiwi   65 0.26
Workers Party   16 0.06
Alliance   6 0.02
Libertarianz   6 0.02
Democrats   2 0.01
RONZ   1 0.00
Informal votes 411 279
Total Valid votes 24,141 25,074
Labour hold Majority 7,126 29.52


Note: lines coloured beige denote the winner of the electorate vote. Lines coloured pink denote a candidate elected to Parliament from their party list.

2005 election[edit]

2005 general election: Mangere[15]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
Labour Green tickY Taito Phillip Field 19,633 70.64 20,900 72.89
National Clem Simich 3,613 13.00 3,894 13.58
Destiny Edward Saafi 892 3.21 445 1.55
NZ First Toa Greening 831 2.99 1,189 4.15
Green Mua Strickson-Pua 767 2.76 503 1.75
United Future Neville Wilson 573 2.06 467 1.63
Māori Solomon Matthews 522 1.88 330 1.15
Progressive Tala Po'e 341 1.23 429 1.50
Family Rights Susie Po'a Williams 305 1.10 184 0.64
Alliance Len Richards 204 0.73 48 0.17
Direct Democracy Paul Teio 56 0.20 7 0.02
Independent Mark Muller 56 0.20
ACT   141 0.49
Legalise Cannabis   59 0.21
Christian Heritage   42 0.15
One NZ   8 0.03
Democrats   5 0.02
Libertarianz   5 0.02
99 MP   2 0.01
RONZ   2 0.01
Informal votes 453 293
Total Valid votes 27,793 28,674
Labour hold Majority 16,020

2002 election[edit]

2002 general election: Mangere[16]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
Labour Green tickY Taito Phillip Field 17,995 73.15 17,586 70.28
National Sylvia Taylor 2,620 10.65 1,839 7.35
Green Steve Abel 874 3.55 806 3.22
United Future Bruce Settle 754 3.07 889 3.55
Progressive Rosie Brown 609 2.48 618 2.47
ACT Juanita Angell 467 1.90 1,929 2.26
Christian Heritage Steven Panapa 442 1.80 345 1.38
Alliance Len Richards 350 2.19 273 1.09
NZ First   1,585 6.33
Legalise Cannabis   164 0.66
ORNZ   83 0.33
Mana Māori   31 0.12
One NZ   9 0.04
NMP   3 0.01
Informal votes 488 218
Total Valid votes 24,599 25,022
Labour hold Majority 15,375 62.50

1999 election[edit]

1999 general election: Mangere[17][18]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
Labour Green tickY Taito Phillip Field 15,888 68.60 +12.66 15,881 67.32 +12.55
National Sylvia Taylor 2,841 12.27 2,863 12.14 -5.52
Alliance Finau Kolo 2,279 9.84 1,945 8.25 -0.66
Christian Heritage Steven Aotearoa Panapa 573 2.47 396 1.68
NZ First Jerry Nuia Hohepa 571 2.47 688 2.92 -7.21
ACT Adrian Jon Dixon 458 1.98 544 2.31 +0.26
Independent Kelvyn Glen Alp 389 1.68
Natural Law Grant Bilyard 89 0.38 0.00 66 0.28 +0.04
Mana Wahine Te Ira Tangata Te Aroha Wepiha Reo 71 0.31
Green   603 2.56
Legalise Cannabis   182 0.77 -0.61
Future NZ   149 0.63
Mauri Pacific   56 0.24
United NZ   56 0.24 -0.20
Libertarianz   52 0.22 +0.18
Animals First   36 0.15 -0.03
McGillicuddy Serious   22 0.09 -0.09
Mana Māori   20 0.08 +0.03
One NZ   10 0.04
Freedom Movement   6 0.03
Republican   5 0.02
People's Choice   5 0.02
NMP   4 0.02
South Island   1 0.00
Informal votes 947 516
Total Valid votes 24,106 24,106
Labour hold Majority 13,047 56.33 +17.08

1996 election[edit]

1996 general election: Mangere[19][20][21]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
Labour Taito Phillip Field 13,277 55.94 13,118 54.77
National David Broome 3,960 16.68 4,230 17.66
Alliance Len Richards 3,190 13.44 2,134 8.91
NZ First Thomas Moana 1,972 8.31 2,426 10.13
Christian Coalition James Ward 563 2.37 728 3.04
ACT Kevin Mathewson 409 1.72 492 2.05
Advance New Zealand Afamasaga Rasmussen 180 0.76 88 0.37
United NZ Francis Ifopo 94 0.40 105 0.44
Natural Law Grant Bilyard 90 0.38 57 0.24
Legalise Cannabis   330 1.38
Ethnic Minority Party 55 0.23
Progressive Green   49 0.20
McGillicuddy Serious   44 0.18
Animals First   42 0.18
Green Society   13 0.05
Mana Māori   11 0.05
Asia Pacific United 9 0.04
Libertarianz   9 0.04
Superannuitants & Youth   7 0.03
Conservatives   5 0.02
Te Tawharau 0 0.00
Informal votes 469 252
Total Valid votes 23,735 23,952
Labour hold Majority 9,317 39.25

1993 election[edit]

1993 general election: Mangere[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour David Lange 8,345 55.1 +4.0
Alliance Len Richards 2,387 15.7 +4.0
NZ First Bryan Archer 2,037 13.4 -8.9
National Hinu Te Hau 1,120 7.3
Christian Heritage Clark Nemeth 135 0.8
Communist League Karen Davis 84 0.6
McGillicuddy Serious Alister Webb 77 0.5
Natural Law Grant Bilyard 53 0.3
Majority 5,958 39.3 +10.6
Turnout 15,137 70.4 -9.3

1990 election[edit]

1990 general election: Mangere[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour David Lange 7,184 51.1 -19.5
National Bryan Archer 3,145 22.3
NewLabour Len Richards 1,658 11.7
Green Brian Edwards 832 5.9
Democrats Ken Harris 148 1.0
Independent Joshua Deane 55 0.3
Majority 4,039 28.7 -19.6
Turnout 14,058 79.7 -10.0

1987 election[edit]

1987 general election: Mangere[24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour David Lange 8,804 70.6 -2.2
National Ron Jeffery 2,785 22.3
Democrats Ken Harris 724 5.8
Mana Motuhake K K Pene 156 1.3
Majority 6,019 48.3 -8.7
Turnout 15,326 89.7 -3.4

1984 election[edit]

1984 general election: Mangere[25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour David Lange 10,676 72.8 +10.6
National Peter Saunders 2,301 15.7
NZ Party John Meyer 1,096 7.5
Social Credit T J Brooks 584 4.0
Majority 8,375 57.1
Turnout 17,001 92.1 +7.1

1981 election[edit]

1981 general election: Mangere[25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour David Lange 8,739 62.2 -4.0
Social Credit John Petit 2,933 20.9
National David Perry 2,366 16.9
Majority 5,806 41.3 -4.2
Turnout 17,001 85.0 +20.6

1978 election[edit]

1978 general election: Mangere[25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour David Lange 9,104 66.2 +4.07
National Peter Saunders 2,841 20.7
Social Credit H J Meiklejohn 1,655 12.0
Values V A Strachan 144 1.1
Majority 6,263 45.5 +18.3
Turnout 21,499 64.4 -18.8

1977 by-election[edit]

1977 Mangere by-election[25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour David Lange 9,766 58.27
National Clem Simich 5,107 30.48
Social Credit Bill Owens 1,026 6.10
Values Frank Grayson 789 4.71
Worker's Labour Barry Moss 28 0.17
Alpha P B Magoffin 18 0.11
Independent Labour Barry Shaw 17 0.10
Socialist Action Brigid Mulrennan 7 0.04
Majority 4,659 27.80
Turnout 16,758 64.31
Registered electors 26,058
Labour hold Swing

Table footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Field was expelled from the Labour caucus on 14 February 2007.
  2. ^ a b Hauiti entered Parliament on 8 May 2013 following Aaron Gilmore's resignation.
  3. ^ Loheni entered Parliament on 12 February 2019 following Chris Finlayson's resignation.
  4. ^ 2014 Internet Mana swing is relative to the votes for Mana in 2011; it shared a party list with Internet in the 2014 election.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Official Count Results – Mängere
  2. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 108, 111, 112.
  3. ^ a b McRobie 1989, p. 111.
  4. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 107, 111.
  5. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 108, 112.
  6. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 111f.
  7. ^ "Mana: Electoral Profile" (PDF). New Zealand Parliament. September 2012. p. 3. Retrieved 3 October 2014.
  8. ^ Report of the Representation Commission 2014 (PDF). Representation Commission. 4 April 2014. p. 9. ISBN 978-0-477-10414-2. Retrieved 2 October 2014.
  9. ^ a b "Official Count Results -- Māngere". Electoral Commission. Retrieved 10 September 2013.
  10. ^ "Official Count Results -- Māngere". Electoral Commission. 4 October 2014. Retrieved 4 October 2014.
  11. ^ "Māngere - Official Result". Electoral Commission. 7 October 2017. Retrieved 13 October 2017.
  12. ^ "Official Count Results -- Māngere (2014)". Electoral Commission. Retrieved 11 April 2016.
  13. ^ "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 26 November 2011. Retrieved 26 November 2011.
  14. ^ "Official Count Results -- Māngere". Chief Electoral Office. 22 November 2008. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  15. ^ "Official Count Results -- Mangere". Electoral Commission. 1 October 2005. Retrieved 17 September 2017.
  16. ^ "Official Count Results -- Mangere (2002)". Electoral Commission. Retrieved 17 September 2017.
  17. ^ "Official Count Results (1999) – Electoral Votes for registered parties by electorate". NZ Electoral Commission. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
  18. ^ "Official Count Results (1999) – Candidate Vote Details". NZ Electoral Commission. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
  19. ^ "Electorate Candidate and Party Votes Recorded at Each Polling Place - Mangere, 1996" (PDF). Retrieved 20 July 2013.
  20. ^ "Part III - Party Lists of Successful Registered Parties" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 February 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2013.
  21. ^ "Part III - Party Lists of unsuccessful Registered Parties" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 February 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2013.
  22. ^ Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1993.
  23. ^ Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1990.
  24. ^ Norton 1988, p. 268.
  25. ^ a b c d Norton 1988, p. 267.

References[edit]

  • McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8.
  • Norton, Clifford (1988). New Zealand Parliamentary Election Results 1946–1987: Occasional Publications No 1, Department of Political Science. Wellington: Victoria University of Wellington. ISBN 0-475-11200-8.
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.

External links[edit]