Mangerton Mountain

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Mangerton
(and Mangerton Mountain Group)
An Mhangarta
Lough Erhogh Mangerton Mountain Ireland.jpg
Mangerton (c) with the hanging lake of Lough Erhogh (c) and Mangerton North Top (r)
Highest point
Elevation838.2 m (2,750 ft) [1]
Prominence583 m (1,913 ft) [1]
ListingMarilyn, Hewitt, Arderin, Simm, Vandeleur-Lynam
Coordinates51°58′13″N 9°29′04″W / 51.970308°N 9.484395°W / 51.970308; -9.484395Coordinates: 51°58′13″N 9°29′04″W / 51.970308°N 9.484395°W / 51.970308; -9.484395[1]
Naming
English translationlong haired (mountain)
Language of nameIrish
Geography
Mangerton (and Mangerton Mountain Group) is located in island of Ireland
Mangerton (and Mangerton Mountain Group)
Mangerton
(and Mangerton Mountain Group)
Location in Ireland
LocationCounty Kerry, Republic of Ireland
Parent rangeMangerton Mountain Group
OSI/OSNI gridV980807
Topo mapOSi Discovery 78
Geology
Age of rockDevonian[1]
Mountain typeGreen sandstone & purple siltstone[1]
Climbing
Easiest routeDevil's Punchbowl

Mangerton or Mangerton Mountain (Irish: An Mhangarta, meaning "the long-haired (mountain)"),[2] at 838 metres (2,749 ft), is the 19th–highest peak in Ireland on the Arderin list, or the 26th–highest mountain according to the Vandeleur-Lynam list. Mangerton is the tallest mountain in the Mangerton Mountain Group, also called the Mangerton Mountains or Mountains of East Kerry, and its western slopes lie within the Killarney National Park.[3]

Naming[edit]

Irish academic Paul Tempan notes in Irish Hill and Mountain Names that Mangerton is most likely a translation of Irish: An Mhangarta, meaning "the long-haired".[2] However, Tempan has discussed the possibility that an alternative interpretation of Irish: An Mhangartach may be worth considering, as it could be the noun Irish: mangart with the suffix ach. Tempan notes that P.S. Dinneen's Foclóir Gaedhilge agus Béarla—Irish-English Dictionary (1927), defines Irish: mangart as "movement" or "shaking". Thus the adjective (not listed in any dictionary) could mean "moving", "shaking", "quaking", which could refer to the physical movement of Mangerton bog prevalent on the southern slopes, or could be understood figuratively as meaning "vacillating" or "fickle".[4][2]

Geography[edit]

Mangerton[edit]

Mangerton's flat boggy summit plateau includes the satellite summits of Mangerton North Top 782 metres (2,566 ft) and Glencappul Top 700 metres (2,300 ft), and its "horseshoe-shaped" massif includes the summit of Stoompa 705 metres (2,313 ft).[5] The Horses' Glen (or Glencappul), and the Devil's Punchbowl carve deep hollows, or corries on the north-west and north-east sides of Mangerton's massif, but the southern flanks form a huge plateau, one of the most extensive areas of mountain wilderness in Ireland, where herds of red deer and sika deer still roam.[2]

Mangerton Mountain (l), Lough Erhogh (c), and Mangerton North Top (r), seen from across the Horse's Glen from the summit of Stoompa

There are three lochs that flow from Managerton's corries into the Horse's Glen (or Glencappul), namely the lowest, Lough Garagarry (Loch Garaigre), the middle, Lough Mannagh (Loch Meáin) and the Lough Erhogh, which is a hanging glacial lake set into a corrie on Mangerton's north-east face.[5]

The Devil's Punchbowl on the north-west face of Mangerton

The Devil's Punchbowl (Irish: Poll Ifrinn),[a] at 670 metres (2,200 ft) on Mangerton's north-west face is a deep oval-shaped corrie filled by a loch in its base that drains into the Owengarriff River from which Torc Waterfall is formed, before finally flowing into the Lakes of Killarney below.[1][5]

Mangerton Mountain's height and topographic prominence, qualifies it to meet the British Isles Marilyn classification, as well as the Arderin, Simm and Hewitt classifications.[8] Mangerton Mountain ranks as the 10th–highest mountain in Ireland on the MountainViews Online Database, 100 Highest Irish Mountains, where the prominence threshold is over 100–metres (e.g. higher mountains with sub 100–metre prominences are excluded).[9][10]

Range[edit]

Surrounding Mangerton are 25 other peaks (see list below) with an elevation above 100 metres (330 ft) in a range known as the Mangerton Group (or Mangerton Mountains). The range is bounded by the "square" road system surrounding Mangerton, being the N71 to the north and the west side, the N22 to the east side, and the narrow R569 road from Kenmare to the N22 via Kilgarvin on the south side. Most notable are Dromderalough 650 metres (2,130 ft), and its slightly higher Dromderalough North-East Top 654 metres (2,146 ft), as well as Crohane 650 metres (2,130 ft), and Knockbrack 610 metres (2,000 ft). It also includes the tourist peak of Torc Mountain 535 metres (1,755 ft) in the north-west corner.[10]

Hill walking[edit]

Mangerton's summit plateau

Mangerton's flat boggy summit plateau means that it can get overlooked when guidebooks of Ireland's best walks are compiled, particularly given its proximity to the rocky ridges and summits of the MacGillycuddy's Reeks; sometimes even nearby Torc Mountain is recommended instead.[11] However, Mangerton's scale, summit views and deep corries are well regarded, and its proximity to Killarney town and ease of access are recognised by climbers.[7]

The most direct route to the summit of Mangerton is via the 4–5 hour 10-kilometre Devil's Punchbowl Route.[12] It starts from the concrete slab bridge (at V984847), and follows a worn track southwards up to the Devil's Punchbowl at 670 metres, before reaching the Mangerton summit plateau via the west ridge of the Punchbowl, and then walking circa 300 metres across the plateau to the true summit of Mangerton itself, before returning via the same route (or taking the steeper eastern arete of the Punchbowl). The summit plateau of Mangerton can be difficult to navigate in poor or misty weather as there are few features.[7][13]

A variation of the Devil's Punchbowl Route is the inclusion of Stoompa, in a 5–6 hour 13.5-kilometre route, that can either be done as an extension of the Devil's Punchbowl route (e.g. over and back from Mangerton's summit to Stoopma),[5] or as a "horseshoe" or "loop-route" that starts up the Devil's Punchbowl on the westside but finishes by descending down the northern slopes of Stoompa on the eastside.[14][15]

Tooreencormick battle site[edit]

Memorial stone for the 1262 battle-site of Tooreencormick.

The far northern slope of Mangerton was the site of a battle in 1262 between the Mac Cárthaigh (Gaelic forces, being the Kingdom of Desmond) and the FitzGeralds (Anglo-Norman forces, being the Geraldines), following the rout at the Battle of Callann Glen near Kilgarvan the previous year.[2] The battle-site is marked on the ordnance maps and also by a commemorative stone monument, and is known as Tooreencormick (Irish: Tuairín Cormaic, meaning "little field of Cormac")[16] after Cormac MacCarthy Reagh, who was killed during the clash (his brother Fínghin Mac Carthaigh had been killed at the Battle of Callann). Other notable knights including Gerald Roche, "the third best baron in Erin", were slain at Tooreencormick.[17] Despite the losses, the battle is considered a MacCarthy success as the Anglo-Normans were kept out of South Kerry and West Cork (i.e. the Kingdom of Desmond), for the next three centuries.[2][5][17]

In spite of such two-edged victories, the battle of Callann and Tuairin Cormaic, for good or for evil, effectually prevented the establishment of an Anglo-Norman rule in [The Kingdom of] Desmond. It is that owing to dissensions among the Irish tribes the earls of Desmond eventually ' overtopped them all ', but in the region from which they drew their title they had more of the character of a Celtic chief than of a feudal lord, and it was left to the more resolute Tudor statesman and ruthless Tudor generals to break down the clan-system there.

— Henry Orphan, Ireland under the Normans 1169–1216 (1911).[17]

List of peaks[edit]

The following is a download from the MountainViews Online Database, who list 26 Mangerton Mountain Group peaks over 100 metres.

  Marilyn: Any height, and prominence over 150 metres (492 ft).
Peaks of the Mangerton Mountain Group (MountainViews Online Database, December 2018)
Height
Rank
Prom.
Rank
Name Irish Name
(if different)
Translation Height
(m)
Prom.
(m)
Height
(ft)
Prom.
(ft)
Topo
Map
OSI Grid
Reference
1 1 Mangerton An Mhangara The long-haired 838 583 2,750 1,913 78 V980808
2 12 Mangerton North Top 782 67 2,566 220 78 V984818
3 11 Stoompa Stumpa Stump 705 90 2,313 295 79 W00817
4 25 Glencappul Top Horse's Glen 700 12 2,297 39 78 V991819
5 20 Dromderalough North-East Top[b] 654 29 2,146 95 78 V969796
6 2 Crohane An Cruachán Little stack[c] 650 385 2,133 1,263 79 W050829
7 15 Dromderalough Drom idir Dhá Loch Ridge between two lakes[d] 650 45 2,133 148 78 V961790
8 26 Dromderalough North-West Top 625 12 2,051 39 78 V956792
9 16 Knockbrack Cnoc Breac Speckled hill 610 45 2,001 148 78 V953779
10 22 Stoompa East Top 608 23 1,995 75 79 W018819
11 4 Peakeen Mountain[e] Péicín Boundary marker 555 280 1,820 919 78 V903765
12 13 Knockrower Cnoc Ramhar Fat hill 554 59 1,818 194 78 V937785
13 10 Peakeen Mountain West Top 539 93 1,767 305 78 V890765
14 3 Torc Mountain Sliabh Torc Mountain of wild boar[f] 535 300 1,755 984 78 V955839
15 23 Peakeen Mountain Far North-West Top 526 22 1,724 73 78 V888769
16 24 Peakeen Mountain North-West Top 523 17 1,715 56 78 V889766
17 6 Knockanaguish Cnoc an Uaignis Hill of the solitude 509 178 1,670 584 78 V919768
18 8 Derrygarriff Doire Gharbh[g] Rough (oak) grove 492 128 1,614 420 78 V872774
19 18 Crohane SW Top 477 32 1,565 105 79 W043821
20 19 Torc Mountain West Top 470 32 1,542 105 78 V950837
21 7 Bennaunmore[h] An Beannán Mór The big (little) peak 454 149 1,490 489 79 W034819
22 14 Carrigawaddra Carraig an Mhadra The dog's rock 425 50 1,394 164 79 W060820
23 17 Foardal An Fordal pass gap; wandering[i] 410 36 1,344 118 78 V885781
24 5 Esknabrock Eisc na mBroc Ravine of badgers 406 251 1,332 823 79 W027772
25 21 Shaking Rock[j] 402 27 1,319 89 78 V928793
26 9 Inchimore An Inse Mhór Big river-meadow 256 100 840 328 78 V922737

Bibliography[edit]

  • Fairbairn, Helen (2014). Ireland's Best Walks: A Walking Guide. Collins Press. ISBN 978-1848892118.
  • MountainViews (Simon Stewart) (2013). A Guide to Ireland's Mountain Summits: The Vandeleur-Lynams & the Arderins. Collins Books. ISBN 978-1-84889-164-7.
  • Ryan, Jim (2006). Carrauntoohil and MacGillycuddy's Reeks: A Walking Guide to Ireland's Highest Mountains. Collins Press. ISBN 978-1905172337.
  • Dillion, Paddy (1993). The Mountains of Ireland: A Guide to Walking the Summits. Cicerone. ISBN 978-1852841102.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The name is associated with a legend regarding the local Chieftain O'Donoghue.[6] Chieftain O'Donoghue Ross dined with the devil on Mangerton. During an argument that developed, the chieftain punched the devil in the face and ran off down the mountain. The devil bit a chunk out of the summit and threw it after him. He missed, and it landed in Muckross Lake to form Devil's Island.[7]
  2. ^ This peak is slightly higher than Dromderalough itself; Previously called Glencappul SE Top in the MountainViews database
  3. ^ Paul Tempan notes: This peak has the classic hay-stack shape which is typical of mountains whose names in cruach/cruachán. Near Lough Nabroda are some crags with rhyolite formations which, though less spectacular, resemble the organ pipe formations at the Giant's Causeway.[2]
  4. ^ Paul Tempan notes: The lakes are more distinctive landmarks than the hills hereabouts. The name is only recorded in English, but probably has the same origin as the townland of Dromdiralough, which is a few kilometres to the NE near Lough Guitane.[2]
  5. ^ Paul Tempan notes: There is no Irish given on the Discovery map for this name, although two other peaks are named Péicín, possibly erroneously. Also known as Kilcurrane.[2]
  6. ^ Paul Tempan notes: The name of Torc Mountain, like Mount Eagle and the Wolf's Step on the Dingle Peninsula, reminds us of a wild animal once common in the forests of Ireland. Wild boar is significant in Celtic mythology, being depicted on Celtic artefacts found in continental Europe, Ireland and Britain. It represents physical strength and heroic fighting skills.[2]
  7. ^ Paul Tempan notes: There is a mapping problem regarding the names of several peaks in this area in that the Irish and English names are not matched up. The Irish version of Derrygarriff is given as Péicín, but this name clearly belongs to Peakeen Mountain. The correct Irish version is Doire Gharbh, which has been assigned (erroneously?) on the 1:25,000 map to the lower peak between Moll's Gap and Lough Barfinnihy.[2]
  8. ^ Paul Tempan notes:On the east side an old pilgrimage path leading to Gougane Barra passes some columns of rock similar to "the Organ" at the Giant's Causeway. Bennaunmore is a remnant of an old volcano.[2]
  9. ^ Paul Tempan notes: Foardal is a townland in the parish of Knockane. A pass near here called Mameordile or Mamanordill is a feature on the boundary of the baronies of Glanarought and Dunkerron as described in the Civil Survey of 1654-56. This name seems to be related to Ir. Fordal and appears to refer neither Moll's Gap nor Windy Gap, but to a pass between these two places. If so, it is not a pass which is in use now. This is perhaps unsurprising, given the boggy terrain around the Glas Loughs, and if the name Fordal means 'wandering, going astray', it may indicate that it was never considered a particularly useful route.[2]
  10. ^ Paul Tempan notes: The name refers to a delicately balanced boulder which is near the summit of this peak.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f MountainViews: Mangerton
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Paul Tempan (February 2012). "Irish Hill and Mountain Names" (PDF). MountainViews.ie.
  3. ^ John O'Dwyer (7 September 2016). "Walk for the weekend: Mangerton's secretive heights". Irish Times. The spectacular vistas from the highest point in Killarney National Park have to be earned.
  4. ^ Paul Tempan (Queen's University Belfast) (2005). Some notes on the names of six Kerry mountains. Journal of the Kerry Archaeological Historical Society (JKAHS). 5. pp. 5–19. The names of six major Kerry mountains (Mount Brandon, Beenoskee, Mangerton, Purple Mountain, Carrauntoohil, and Coomacarrea) are considered, from the point of view both of a hill-walker and of a toponymist. Difficulties of interpretation are discussed, and some tentative solutions are offered.
  5. ^ a b c d e Adrian Hendroff (16 March 2015). Killarney to Valentia Island - A Walking Guide. Collins Press. ISBN 978-1848892323. Route 28: Mangerton Mountain and Stoompa
  6. ^ Thomas Crofton Crocker (1906). "The Legend of O'Donoghue - Fairy Legends of Ireland". LibraryIreland. Retrieved 22 December 2018.
  7. ^ a b c Tony Doherty (6 December 2008). "Take a hearty sup from the Devil's Punchbowl". Irish Times.
  8. ^ Chris Cocker; Graham Jackson (2018). "The Database of British and Irish Hills". Database of British and Irish Hills.
  9. ^ "Irish Highest 100: The highest 100 Irish mountains with a prominence of +100m". MountainViews Online Database. September 2018.
  10. ^ a b Mountainviews, (September 2013), "A Guide to Ireland's Mountain Summits: The Vandeleur-Lynams & the Arderins", Collins Books, Cork, ISBN 978-1-84889-164-7
  11. ^ Fairbairn, Helen (2014). Ireland's Best Walks: A Walking Guide. Collins Press. ISBN 978-1848892118. Route 46: Torc Mountain.
  12. ^ "Mangerton Mountain Walking Route to Summit, Killarney, Kerry". ActiveMe.ie. Retrieved 23 December 2018.
  13. ^ Jim Ryan (1 October 2012). Scenic Walks in Killarney. Collins Press. ISBN 978-1848891463. Walk 15: Mangerton Mountain Circuit (10 km)
  14. ^ "Mangerton and Stoompa Mtns Loop Walk Route, Killarney, Kerry". ActiveMe.ie. Retrieved 23 December 2018.
  15. ^ "Mangerton / Stoompa – Hillwalk". Corkbackpackers.ie. 9 April 2017. This is a strenuous 5 hour (13.5 km) walking route to the peaks of both Mangerton (839m) and Stoompa Mountain (705m) taking in the Devils Punchbowl, Horses Glen and the Tooreencormick Battle Field Site. The walk has spectacular views of the Devil’s Punchbowl, MacGillycuddy’s Reeks, Horses Glen, Killarney National Park and on a good day south-west to Kenmare Bay.
  16. ^ Logainm: Tuairín Chormaic
  17. ^ a b c Henry Goddard Orphan (1911). Ireland under the Normans 1169-1216. Oxford : Clarendon Press. p. 142-143. In 1262, joined by Walter de Burgh with a feudal army and ' a great number of the Irish ', he advanced into Desmond to give battle to Cormac, Fineen's brother, and avenge the slaughter of Callann. The opposing forces met on the slopes of Mangerton, at a place henceforth known as Tuairin Cormaic. Here Gerald Roche, ' the third best baron in Erin ', was slain, but this, we are told, was ' joy with sorrow to Desmond', for Cormac, son of Donnell Got, was slain on the same day, and great losses were suffered on both sides.'

External links[edit]