Mango pickle

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A typical South Indian cut mango pickle
Mango pickle
Commercial burong mangga in the Philippines

A mango pickle is a variety of pickle prepared using mango.[1] It is very popular in South and Southeast Asia. These sour/spicy pickles are also available commercially.


The pickling process in India differs from other regions mainly due to an additional spice mixture added to them after anaerobic fermentation.[citation needed] Pickles are main side dishes and many varieties of vegetables are used. However, raw mango or tender mango is the most popular variety of fruit used for pickling. There are multiple varieties of mango pickles prepared depending on the region and the spices used but broadly there are two types: whole baby mango pickles and cut mango pickle. Whole baby mango pickle is a traditional variety very popular in Southern India and uses baby mangoes that are few weeks old.[citation needed] There are special varieties of mangoes specifically used just for pickling and they are never consumed as ripe fruit. Baby mangoes are pickled using salt, vegetable oil and a blend of hot spices, in a very careful process which ensures pickles are preserved for years.[2]

Cut mango pickle[edit]

A plate of Pakistani mango pickle
Homemade mango pickle

This is ideally prepared using a special variety of mango that can stay crisp for longer periods when pickled. This variety of mango is specially bred and grafted for use. However, most raw mango varieties can be pickled if quality is not a concern.[citation needed]


One of the most popular kind of mango pickles is called the "Avakaya", also known as "Urakaya" and it is known for its spice and flavor. It is usually eaten with plain white rice or on the side with other flavored rice items like a hot sauce and is a staple of meals in southern India, especially in the state of Andhra Pradesh.[citation needed]

Avakaya (also known as mango pickle[3]) is a variety of Indian pickle popular in South India with its origin in Delta Districts of Andhra Pradesh. The main ingredients are mangoes, āvapiṇḍi (powdered mustard seeds) and a combination of other spices used for pickling. South Indians are known to have a deep attachment to these spicy pickles. A wide variety of pickles are available in these regions, using mango as their prime ingredient. Besides being made at home, the pickles are available commercially and are exported to the United States, Europe, Japan and many other countries.[4]

Avakaya pickles are usually made in the summer, this being the time for peak availability of green mangoes. Green mangoes, hot oil, chilies and a variety of spices are the key ingredients. The process of preparation, storage and serving is considered almost a ritual.[citation needed]

The mangoes are cut into medium-sized pieces approximately 2 cm x 2 cm using strong and especially sharp cutters/knives in swift strokes so as not to structurally damage the pieces. These pieces are wiped clean and dry with a highly-absorbent soft cloth — usually an old sterilized cotton sari with no embroidery, stowed away for this purpose. They are then pickled with powdered mustard, red chili powder (dried and powdered or sometimes dried, roasted and powdered), salt, gingelly oil. The mixture matures for four to eight weeks, care being taken to mix the contents periodically to ensure a uniform marinade.[5]

Hot rice is mixed with one or two pieces of avakaya and ghee (clarified butter) or groundnut oil, then made into bite-size balls. Avakaya is often eaten with rice and dahi (yogurt). Raw onion can be added which enhances the taste. Most people prefer to eat it along with muddapappu (pigeon pea dal) and neyyi (ghee/clarified butter). Some people prefer to eat it within 1–2 months from preparation, when it is called Kottāvakāya.[5]

Pickled mango chutney[edit]

This is a variation where mangoes are grated to produce a chutney-like pickle.


Kadumanga – a special kind of mango pickle from Kerala, India, made from tender mango

This is a variation of mango pickle. This kind of pickle is made from tender mango.[6] The small mangoes are collected when the mangoes just start to grow. In this pickle the mango is not cut into pieces; the whole mango is prepared as a form of pickle.

See also[edit]

  • Burong mangga
  • Chhundo – Kind of Indian pickle from Gujarat
  • Indian cuisine – Culinary traditions of India
  • Mixed pickle – Pickles made from a variety of vegetables mixed in the same pickling process
  • Pickled fruit – Fruit that has been preserved by anaerobic fermentation in brine or immersion in vinegar
  • Pickling – Procedure of preserving food in brine or vinegar
  • South Asian pickles – Pickled varieties of vegetable and fruit


  1. ^ Verma Sarkar, Petrina. "Aam Ka Achaar (mango pickle)". Archived from the original on 12 January 2012. Retrieved 17 May 2012.
  2. ^ "Baby Mango Pickling Process: Mango Pickle". Archived from the original on 30 May 2017. Retrieved 4 December 2017.
  3. ^ Ranjan, Hriday (18 March 2019). "Ode to the humble garlic pickle". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 1 September 2019.
  4. ^ Usha's Pickle Digest: The Perfect Pickle Recipe Book. Mrs Usha R Prabakaran (1998) 347 pag. ISBN 1797842382, ISBN 978-1797842387
  5. ^ a b Pushpesh Pant. India: The Cookbook (2010) 960 pag, ISBN 0714859028, ISBN 9780714859026
  6. ^ "Tender Mango Pickle (Kadumanga Achar)". 18 June 2012. Retrieved 4 December 2017.

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