3D model (Jmol)
|Molar mass||410.45 g/mol|
|Appearance||Yellow crystalline solid|
|Melting point||182 °C (360 °F; 455 K)|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
|what is ?)(|
Mangostin is a natural xanthonoid, a type of organic compound isolated from various parts of the mangosteen tree (Garcinia mangostana). It is a yellow crystalline solid with a xanthone core structure. Mangostin and a variety of other xanthones from mangosteen have been investigated for biological properties including antioxidant, anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory, and anticancer activities. There are no positive correlations found as a result of this study. In animal studies, mangostin has been found to be a central nervous system depressant which causes sedation, decreased motor activity, and ptosis.
The rind of partially ripe mangosteen fruit yields mangostin and also the related compound β-mangostin. The rind of fully ripe fruits contains the xanthonoids gartanin, 8-disoxygartanin and normangostin. A derivative of mangostin, mangostin-3,6-di-O-glucoside, is a central nervous system depressant and causes a rise in blood pressure.
- Jung H, Su B, Keller W, Mehta R, Kinghorn A (2006). "Antioxidant xanthones from the pericarp of Garcinia mangostana (Mangosteen)". J. Agric. Food Chem. 54 (6): 2077–82. doi:10.1021/jf052649z. PMID 16536578.
- Shankaranarayan D, Gopalakrishnan C, Kameswaran L (1979). "Pharmacological profile of mangostin and its derivatives". Arch Int Pharmacodyn Ther. 239 (2): 257–269. PMID 314790.