Mangostin

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Mangostin
Mangostin structure.png
Names
IUPAC name
3,6,8-Trihydroxy-2-methoxy-1,7-bis(3-methylbut-2-enyl)xanthen-9-one
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChEBI
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.208.637
UNII
Properties
C24H26O6
Molar mass 410.45 g/mol
Appearance Yellow crystalline solid
Density 1.265 g/ml
Melting point 182 °C (360 °F; 455 K)
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Mangostin is a natural xanthonoid, a type of organic compound isolated from various parts of the mangosteen tree (Garcinia mangostana). It is a yellow crystalline solid with a xanthone core structure. Mangostin and a variety of other xanthonoids from mangosteen have been investigated for biological properties including antioxidant, anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory, and anticancer activities.[1]

In animal studies, mangostin has been found to be a central nervous system depressant which causes sedation, decreased motor activity, and ptosis.[2][better source needed]

The rind of partially ripe mangosteen fruit yields mangostin and also the related compound β-mangostin. The rind of fully ripe fruits contains the xanthonoids gartanin, 8-disoxygartanin and normangostin.[citation needed] A derivative of mangostin, mangostin-3,6-di-O-glucoside, is a central nervous system depressant and causes a rise in blood pressure.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jung H, Su B, Keller W, Mehta R, Kinghorn A (2006). "Antioxidant xanthones from the pericarp of Garcinia mangostana (Mangosteen)". J. Agric. Food Chem. 54 (6): 2077–82. doi:10.1021/jf052649z. PMID 16536578. 
  2. ^ Shankaranarayan D, Gopalakrishnan C, Kameswaran L (1979). "Pharmacological profile of mangostin and its derivatives". Arch Int Pharmacodyn Ther. 239 (2): 257–269. PMID 314790.