Mangum, Oklahoma Downtown Historic District, September 28, 2014. Courtesy CrimsonEdge
Location of Mangum, Oklahoma
|• Total||1.7 sq mi (4.5 km2)|
|• Land||1.7 sq mi (4.5 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||1,598 ft (487 m)|
|• Density||1,800/sq mi (670/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|FIPS code||40-46050 |
|GNIS feature ID||1095109 |
Mangum is a city in and county seat of Greer County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 3,010 at the 2010 census. It was originally part of Old Greer County in the Texas panhandle. The community was named for A. S. Mangum, who owned the land on which the town was founded in 1882.[a] It became part of Oklahoma Territory in 1896, and thus part of the state of Oklahoma on November 16, 1907.
Beginning in 1876, the nearby Western Trail was used to drive cattle north from Texas to market. The community of Mangum began in 1882 when Henry Clay Sweet established it on land granted to A. S. Mangum by the state of Texas. The Mangum post office was established April 15, 1886. This part of Texas (old Greer County) was given to Oklahoma in 1896. During Mangum's early days, the community's economy largely depended on very large cattle ranches owned or leased by land companies such as the Day Land and Cattle Company of Texas and the Franklyn Land and Cattle Company, an English syndicate. During those very early days, the local cowboys called Magnum "Tin City" because so many tin cans were unrolled and nailed over the wooden planks that served as sidewalks.
Other early businesses in or around Magnum included the Oklahoma Granite Company, which opened in 1904, the Mangum Star newspaper, first published in 1887, and the Mangum Brick Plant, established in 1903 by D. J. Doyle. The newspaper still publishes in the 21st Century. The brick plant, now owned by Jewett Scott, also still operates and has greatly expanded production.
By statehood, Mangum had a population of 2,672. It had two school buildings, an opera house and a county courthouse, listed in the National Register of Historical Places, NR 85000682. By 1930, the population had expanded to 4,806 (the highest recorded in the U.S. census. Agriculture had largely displaced the old cattle ranches, so the city could also boast of seven cotton gins, one cotton oil mill, one cotton compress, and one flour mill.
The Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad (aka Rock Island or CRI&P) built a line from Chickasha, Oklahoma to Mangum in 1900. The Wichita Falls and Northwestern Railway, acquired by the Missouri, Kansas and Texas Railway (also known as M-K-T or Katy) in 1911, operated its own line through Mangum by 1910.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.8 square miles (4.7 km2), all land.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,924 people, 1,236 households, and 765 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,673.2 people per square mile (645.1/km²). There were 1,553 housing units at an average density of 888.7 per square mile (342.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 84.44% White, 6.74% African American, 1.37% Native American, 0.10% Asian, 4.51% from other races, and 2.84% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.41% of the population.
There were 1,236 households out of which 25.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.0% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.1% were non-families. 36.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 23.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.92.
In the city, the population was spread out with 23.8% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 21.7% from 25 to 44, 22.9% from 45 to 64, and 23.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 89.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.1 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $25,064, and the median income for a family was $30,547. Males had a median income of $26,250 versus $16,198 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,392. About 20.2% of families and 24.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 33.3% of those under age 18 and 19.5% of those age 65 or over.
Mangum is governed by a city commission and a City Manager. As of 2016, the Commission included:
- Mayor - Staci Goode
- Finance Commissioner - Ron Gay
- Police and Fire Commissioner - Marsha Griswold
- Public Highways Commissioner - Mark Chapman
- Utility Commissioner - April Geralds
- Additional governing bodies are the Trustees of the Mangum Utility Authority and the Trustees of the Mangum Hospital Authority.
Mangum has a civil airport named Scott Field located on the western edge of the city, about 2 miles (3.2 km) from the city center.
No scheduled passenger airlines serve this airport.
There is no passenger rail service to or from Mangum.
Cultural attractions include:
- Old Greer County Museum and Pioneer Hall of Fame;
- Margaret Carter Library (including a genealogy section)
- Rattlesnake Derby (annually in April)
- Margaret Avery (b. 1944 -), American actress and singer, born in Magnum, nominated as best supporting actress in movie The Color Purple.
- Clyde Hendrick, former dean at Texas Tech University
- Braden Looper (b. 1974 - ),former American major league baseball player (1998 - 2010). Played baseball for Mangum High School (1989 - 1993).
- Gale McArthur, All-American basketball player, played guard for Mangum High School and Oklahoma A&M University (now Oklahoma State University). Drafted by Minneapolis Lakers in 1951, but instead retired from pro sports to practice dentistry.
- Blake Ragsdale Van Leer (1893 - 1956), Born in Mangum, former president of Georgia Institute of Technology.
- A. S. Magnum is notable in Texas history because he fought at the Battle of San Jacinto. Texas rewarded his service to the state with a land grant in Greer County.
- The Minerals Handbook suggests that salt production began about 1914 in Harmon County, Oklahoma (originally part of Old Greer County)
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "City of Mangum History." City of Magnum. Accessed November 4, 2016.
- Bielich, Peggy Crabb. "Mangum." Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. Retrieved March 19, 2014.
- Mineral Resources of the United States for 1914 - Part II.p.301. Available on Google Books. Accessed November 3, 2016.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- http://www.cityofmangum.com/Commissioners.html "City of Mangum Commissioners." City of Magnum. Accessed November 4, 2016.
- "Scott Field Municipal Airport." City of Magnum. Accessed November 4, 2016.
- "Dr. Clyde Hendrick". Zoom Information, Inc. Retrieved 2013-12-07.