Mangur (Kurdish tribe)

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Mangur is one of the largest Kurdish tribes of Eastern Kurdistan.They live in the district and cities of Sardasht, Piranshahr to Mahabad.[1]There are about 170 villages of Mangur tribe and these villages stretch to the Iraqi Kurdistan to the city of Qaladiza and Pizhdar area.

Mangur was one of the Kurdish tribes in the Bolbas Federation.[2] The others were: Mâmash, Pirân, Zerzâ, Herki and Shekâk.

History[edit]

During the Qajar period the Mangur feuded with their neighbours the Mâmash; while the latter were loyal to the Qajars the Mangur were regarded as rebels and brigands after supporting Sheikh Ubeydullah.[3]:73[4] In 1908 they are recorded as consisting of 2,000 families, semi-nomadic, who spent the summer months at Wazna.[5]

In the winter of 1928-29 the Mangur, the Mâmash and other tribes rebelled against Reza Shah and occupied Sardasht though they lacked the forces to extend the revolt more widely.[3]:224 [6] The Mangur were among the tribes hostile to the Soviet-backed Republic of Mahabad in 1946. [7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "KURDISH TRIBES – Encyclopaedia Iranica". www.iranicaonline.org. Retrieved 2019-10-20.
  2. ^ Minorsky, V. (1957). "Mongol Place-Names in Mukri Kurdistan". Mongolica. 19 (1): 75. Retrieved 20 October 2019.
  3. ^ a b David McDowall (2004-05-14). A Modern History of the Kurds. I.B.Tauris. ISBN 978-1-85043-416-0.
  4. ^ F. Koohi-Kamali (2003-09-30). The Political Development of the Kurds in Iran: Pastoral Nationalism. Palgrave Macmillan UK. ISBN 978-0-230-53572-5.
  5. ^ Sykes, Mark (1908). "The Kurdish Tribes of the Ottoman Empire". The Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland. 38: 457. doi:10.2307/2843309. Retrieved 20 October 2019.
  6. ^ Stephanie Cronin (2007-01-24). Tribal Politics in Iran: Rural Conflict and the New State, 1921-1941. Routledge. pp. 116–. ISBN 978-1-134-13801-2.
  7. ^ E. O'Ballance (1995-12-18). The Kurdish Struggle, 1920-94. Palgrave Macmillan UK. pp. 29–. ISBN 978-0-230-37742-4.