Manhattan Institute for Policy Research
|Motto||Turning Intellect into Influence|
|Founder||Antony Fisher and William J. Casey|
|Type||Public policy think tank|
|Headquarters||52 Vanderbilt Avenue|
|Lawrence J. Mone|
(FYE September 2013)
|International Center for Economic Policy Studies|
The Manhattan Institute for Policy Research (renamed in 1981 from the International Center for Economic Policy Studies) is a conservative American think tank established in New York City in 1978 by Antony Fisher and William J. Casey. The organization describes its mission as to "develop and disseminate new ideas that foster greater economic choice and individual responsibility". Its message is communicated through books, articles, interviews, speeches, op-eds, and through the institute's quarterly publication City Journal. According to the 2014 Global Go To Think Tank Index Report and Policy Advice (Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program, University of Pennsylvania), the Institute is number 39 of the "Top 60 United States Think Tanks".
The Institute's divisions include the Center for the American University, Center for State and Local Leadership, Center for Legal Policy, Center for Medical Progress, Center for Energy Policy and the Environment, and Economics21.
The Manhattan Institute sponsors the Adam Smith Society, a nationwide group of business school students who seek to advance the ideas of free enterprise.
Created in 2006, the Institute's Veritas Fund for Higher Education is a donor advised fund that invests in universities and professors who are committed to bringing intellectual pluralism to their institutions. The fund invests in courses related to western civilization, the American founding, and political economy.
The Manhattan Institute is perhaps best known for its influence on law enforcement methods. In particular, the Institute is widely credited with pioneering community policing methods and more specifically quality-of-life policing, also known as "broken windows theory" after the landmark 1982 Atlantic Monthly article "Broken Windows" by James Q. Wilson and George L. Kelling. Broken Windows posits that dealing more effectively and comprehensively with low-level quality of life crime would reduce more high-profile violent crime. Broken Windows policing was put to its first major large-scale test in the mid-1990s after the election of Rudolph Giuliani as mayor of New York City. Giuliani was an outspoken advocate of community policing, frequently citing the influence "Broken Windows" had on his thinking as mayor. Giuliani appointed Kelling’s intellectual collaborator William J. Bratton as New York City Police Commissioner in 1994, saying, "I chose Bill Bratton because he agreed with the Broken Windows theory."
A follow-up book by Kelling and Catherine Coles published by the Manhattan Institute in 1996 led to further interest in community policing methods, leading some municipalities to adopt quality-of-life and community policing as official policy. Giuliani-era New York City Police Commissioner Bratton took these methods to Los Angeles on being appointed Los Angeles Police Department chief of police. Newark, New Jersey Mayor Cory Booker has been lauded for his Broken Windows-based approach to crime since taking office in 2006.
Senior fellow Heather Mac Donald argues that crime prevention statistics from the 2008–2009 recession improved as a result of efficient policing, high incarceration rates, more police officers working, data-driven approaches such as CompStat which helps commanders target high-crime areas, and a policy of holding precinct commanders accountable for results. She contends the decline of American cities, beginning during the 1960s, was a result of crime "spiraling out of control".
The Manhattan Institute was one of the key institutions that pressed for reform of the welfare system in the mid-1990s. Charles Murray's Losing Ground: American Social Policy 1950–1980 (1984) argued that the welfare state had fostered a culture and cycle of dependency that was to the detriment of both welfare recipients and the United States as a whole.
Charter schools and vouchers
Former senior fellow Jay P. Greene’s research on school choice was cited four times in the U.S. Supreme Court's decision in Zelman v. Simmons-Harris, which affirmed the constitutionality of school vouchers.
The Institute's Center for Medical Progress opposes allowing the federal government to negotiate prices in the Medicare Part D prescription drug program  and believes that drug price negotiating has adverse effects in the Veterans Administration.
The Manhattan Institute is a proponent of the hydraulic fracturing (fracking) method of extracting natural gas and oil from underground deposits. Opponents have been critical of the method owing to concerns that the chemicals involved in it lead to water contamination. In response to calls to ban fracking in parts of New York, the Manhattan Institute released a report in 2011 projecting that allowing fracking could "inject over $11 billion into the state economy".
Foundations which have contributed over $1 million to the Manhattan Institute include the John M. Olin Foundation, Bradley Foundation, Sarah Scaife Foundation, Searle Freedom Trust, Smith Richardson Foundation, William E. Simon Foundation, the Claude Lambe Foundation, the Gilder Foundation, the Curry Foundation, and the Jaquelin Hume Foundation.[unreliable source?]
Charles Murray, co-author of The Bell Curve, a volume that argued there was a correlation between intelligence and race, is a former fellow of the Institute. Bob Herbert, writing for The New York Times, described the book as "a scabrous piece of racial pornography masquerading as serious scholarship." In his book The Bell Curve Wars: Race, Intelligence, and the Future of America, Steven Fraser writes that "by scrutinizing the footnotes and bibliography in The Bell Curve, readers can more easily recognize the project for what it is: a chilly synthesis of the work of disreputable race theorists and eccentric eugenicists."
In 2013, hedge fund managers Cliff Asness, Henry Kravis and Thomas McWilliams all cut ties with the Manhattan Institute due to the group's support of the abolition of defined benefit public pensions.
- "Charity Rating". Charity Navigator. Also see "Quickview data" (PDF). GuideStar.
Total Revenue: $13,085,748; Total Expenses: $14,284,045 [FYE September 2013]
- James G. McGann (Director) (February 4, 2015). "The Global Go To Think Tank Report, 2014". Retrieved February 24, 2015.
- Shapiro, Gary (November 27, 2006). "Manhattan Institute Aims At Academia". New York Sun. Retrieved 24 February 2015.
- Eide, Stephen (January 21, 2015). "Wrong fix for Albany: Why ‘public financing’ fails". New York Post. Retrieved 24 February 2015.
- Lee, Timothy (August 6, 2013). "Conservatives want patent reform. That’s new.". Washington Post. Retrieved 24 February 2015.
- Howard, Paul (October 17, 2014). "Rob Klain is impressive, but Obama should have picked 'Ebola czar' with public-health experience: medical think tank director". New York Daily News. Retrieved 24 February 2015.
- "China and the US". The Economist. Retrieved 24 February 2015.
- Furchtgott-Roth, Diana (February 6, 2015). "MANHATTAN MOMENT: Franchise owners deserve a break today from the Labor Board". Washington Examiner. Retrieved 24 February 2015.
- "Minding the Campus". Manhattan Institute. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
- Choi, Amy (March 4, 2014). "Defying Skeptics, Some Business Schools Double Down on Capitalism". Bloomberg Business. Retrieved 24 February 2015.
- Cohen, Patricia (September 22, 2008). "Conservatives Try New Tack on Campuses". New York Times. Retrieved 24 February 2015.
- Blankstein, Andrew; Therolf, Garrett (2006-12-27). "L.A. crime decreases for 5th year – Los Angeles Times". Articles.latimes.com. Retrieved 2010-03-16.
- "Los Angeles Police Chief Faces a Huge Challenge". Nytimes.com. Retrieved 2010-03-16.
- Jacobs, Andrew (2007-05-27). "Newark Battles Murder and Its Accomplice, Silence". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-05-12.
- Steven Malanga (2007-04-26). "Cory Booker’s Battle for Newark by Steven Malanga, City Journal Spring 2007". City-journal.org. Retrieved 2010-03-16.
- A transcript of the weekend's program on FOX News channel – Paul Gigot, Heather Mac Donald (February 8, 2010). "Hey, Big Spender". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2010-11-04.
Mac Donald: It is extraordinary. And I credit the spread, ultimately, of efficient policing and incarceration. But this is exactly the opposite of what criminologists were hoping for—really gleefully hoping for—that the crime drop began in the '90s nationally would finally reverse itself ...
- Heather Mac Donald (July 15, 2008). "Cities You Can Believe In". Washington Post. Retrieved 2010-11-04.
Many American cities began their decades-long decline in the 1960s, when crime started spiraling out of control.
- Institute articles on welfare
- "Losing Ground by Charles Murray", Conservative Monitor
- Miller, John (June 28, 2002). "What's Next for School Choice? Lots of possibilities, but also plenty of problems". National Review.
- One-Size-Fits-All Rules Will Hurt Drug Quality, Wall Street Journal, April 4, 2007
-  Older Drugs, Shorter Lives?: An Examination of the Health Effects of the Veterans Health Administration Formulary
- Hargreaves, Steve (1 July 2011). "New York set to lift fracking ban". CNN Money (New York). Retrieved 5 July 2011.
A report last week from the conservative Manhattan Institute said allowing drilling in New York could inject over $11 billion into the state economy in the years ahead.
- "Top Supporters of Manhattan Institute for Policy Research". Conservative Transparency. American Bridge 21st Century Foundation. Retrieved 19 August 2014.
- Herbert, Bob (1994-10-26). "In America; Throwing a Curve". The New York Times.
- The Bell Curve Wars: Race, Intelligence, and the Future of America Book by Steven Fraser; Basic Books, 1995. ISBN 0-465-00693-0.
- Celarier, Michelle (June 11, 2013). "Hedgies cut ties with think tank". New York Post. Retrieved 24 February 2015.
- Fred Kaplan, Conservatives plant a seed in NYC Boston Sunday Globe, Sunday February 22, 1998
- Janny Scott, "Turning Intellect Into Influence: Promoting Its Ideas, the Manhattan Institute Has Nudged New York Rightward", New York Times, Monday May 12, 1997
- Jennifer Medina, "A Reversal on School Vouchers, Then a Tempest", New York Times, Feb. 13, 2008.
- Official site
- The Center for the American University
- Organizational Profile – National Center for Charitable Statistics (Urban Institute)
- Minding the Campus