Manhattanization is a neologism coined to describe the construction of many tall or densely situated buildings which transforms the appearance and character of a city. It was a pejorative word used by critics of the highrise buildings built in San Francisco during the 1960s and 1970s, who claimed the skyscrapers would block views of the bay and the surrounding hills. The term also gained usage as a buzzword for high–density developments in Las Vegas, Nevada.
The term "Manhattanization" has been used to describe the 2003–2008 boom of real estate developments in Miami, that brought the construction of more than 50 high rise buildings throughout the city. "Sanhattan" has been used as a portmanteau to describe the developed cluster of skyscrapers in Santiago, Chile. Another example is the construction boom in Toronto since 2007.
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- "Skyscrapers Soaring in San Francisco". The Washington Post. June 29, 1969. p. H6.
The high-rises, said University of California architectural critic Allan Temko, 'cause the hills to lose their impact and they interfere with the view of the bay.'
- Smith, Hubble (May 28, 2010). "Problems continue in high-rise condo market". Las Vegas Review Journal. Retrieved June 28, 2015.
- Las Vegas High Rise Condo Magazine - High Rise, Midrise, and Loft Projects
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- ""Sanhattan" Symbolizes New Chile". Millward Brown. Retrieved June 28, 2015.
- Alcoba, Natalie (August 27, 2014). "Toronto's 'Manhattanization': Downtown development growing at 'mind blowing' rate". National Post. Retrieved June 28, 2015.