Mani Shankar Aiyar
Mani Shankar Aiyar
|Member of Parliament of the Rajya Sabha|
22 March 2010 – 21 March 2016
|Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha|
|Preceded by||E.S.M. Packeer Mohamed|
|Succeeded by||P. V. Rajendran|
|Preceded by||K. Krishnamoorthy|
|Succeeded by||O. S. Manian|
|Constituency||Mayiladuturai, Tamil Nadu|
|Born||10 April 1941|
Lahore, Punjab, British India
|Political party||Indian National Congress|
|Spouse(s)||Suneet Vir Singh (aka Suneet Mani Aiyar)|
|Relations||Swaminathan Aiyar (brother)|
|Residence||Mayiladuthurai, Tamil Nadu|
|Alma mater||St. Stephen's College, Delhi|
Trinity Hall, Cambridge
|Occupation||Diplomat, Journalist/Writer, Political and Social Worker|
Mani Shankar Aiyar (born 10 April 1941) is a former Indian diplomat turned politician. He was a member of the Indian National Congress party and was a part of first Cabinet (2004–2009) of Prime Minister Dr Manmohan Singh. He has served as the Union Minister of Panchayati Raj until he lost his seat in the 2009 election. He served as the Union Cabinet Minister for Petroleum and Natural Gas from May 2004 through January 2006 and Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports till 2009. He was also the first Minister of Development of North Eastern Region.
He represented the Mayiladuthurai constituency of Tamil Nadu in the 14th Lok Sabha. He was a nominated member of parliament from Rajya Sabha. He was defeated from Mayiladuthurai in 2014 Lok Sabha election where he finished fourth and lost his deposit. He is also a part of the Hon. Board of Advisors of IIMUN.
Mani Shankar Aiyer is the son of Vaidyanatha Shankar Aiyar, a chartered accountant, and Bhagyalakshmi Shankar Aiyar. He was born in Laxmi Mansions, Lahore in British India which, as post-Partition refugee property, came to house the family of Saadat Hassan Manto. His older brother is the well known journalist, Swaminathan Aiyar. He lost his father at age 12 in an air crash.
He attended Welham Boys' School, The Doon School and obtained B.A. in economics from St. Stephen's College, Delhi, University of Delhi. While at Doon, he was an editor of The Doon School Weekly. After the loss of his father, Aiyar's mother had to negotiate with Doon to allow him to continue his studies with reduced fees and in return she taught at the school.
He graduated in economics from Delhi University, and then did a two-year B.A. in Tripos in economics at Trinity Hall, Cambridge at the University of Cambridge which, in the Oxbridge tradition, became an M.A. with the passage of time. He was a member of Trinity Hall. He was also an active member of the Marxist Society in Cambridge. At Cambridge, Aiyar joined student politics and once even tried to win a presidential contest. Rajiv Gandhi, who was his junior both at Doon and Cambridge, supported him in his campaign.
He joined the Indian Foreign Service in 1963 and served as Joint Secretary to Government of India. He later resigned from service in 1989 to take up a career in politics and media, entering the Parliament as a Congress MP from Mayiladuthurai in 1991, 1999 and 2004 but was defeated in 1996, 1998, 2009 and 2014. He spent some time in Pakistan posted as a diplomat, serving as India's first consul-general in Karachi from 1978 to 1982.
He is a special invitee to the Congress Working Committee and was a chairman of both the party's political training department and the department of policy planning and coordination. He is also a well-known political columnist and has written several books, including Pakistan Papers and Remembering Rajiv, and has edited a four-volume publication, Rajiv Gandhi's India.
He was married on 4 January 1973 to Suneet Vir Singh, a Sikh woman. They have 3 daughters – the eldest, Suranya Aiyar is a lawyer; the second, Yamini Aiyar is a senior research fellow and director of the Accountability Initiative; and the youngest, Sana Aiyar is an associate professor of history at MIT.
Mani Shankar Aiyer has been a part of many controversies.
In 2000, Aiyar was involved in a public brawl with politician Amar Singh. According to Singh, Aiyar insulted Singh's then party leader Mulayam Singh Yadav and remarked: "Oh that bloody Mulayam – he looks just like me. It could be because my father visited Uttar Pradesh at some point. Why don't you check with Mulayam's mother?"
While on a tour of the Andamans as the Cabinet Minister in the later part of 2004, Aiyar was quoted as saying at the Cellular Jail there that there was no difference between the radical right-wing revolutionary Veer Savarkar, a famous inmate of the prison, and Mohammed Ali Jinnah, the founder of Pakistan, as they shared a 'divisive' philosophy. He also ordered that a plaque with a poem commemorating Savarkar be replaced with a plaque with quotes from Mahatma Gandhi. Savarkar had been tried and acquitted for conspiring in Gandhi's assassination. Reports of the incident paralysed Parliament and led to agitations by the Shiv Sena in Maharashtra. Aiyar's remarks created confusion as well in the ruling party; the official spokesman, Anand Sharma, noted that the Congress Party did not consider Savarkar either a freedom fighter or a patriot. A few days later, the Prime Minister dissociated himself and the cabinet from that view.
As sports minister, he effectively scuttled India's bid for Asian Games in 2007. It was widely felt that Delhi's lack of enthusiasm to host the event was the primary reason for its loss. Then Union Sports Minister of India, Mani Shankar Aiyar, spoke strongly against Delhi hosting the games and argued that it was better if the money allocated by India's government for organizing the sporting event was spent on building facilities for the poor. The Indian Olympic Association (IOA) president revealed that India's Sports Minister remarks against hosting the Games was the main reason for New Delhi's loss.
In September 2011, Aiyar visited his alma mater—St. Stephen's College—to speak about 'Governance and Corruption: Is Panchayati Raj A Solution?'. However, he began to mock the Hansraj College and its former student Ajay Maken. He also belittled the Kirori Mal College and the BA (Programme) Degree, a course in the University of Delhi. This led to an agitation by the students of Hansraj College. When the agitated students approached him, he mocked them even further. When later questioned by the media, Aiyar refused to apologise and rather ridiculed the institutions even further. Baffled by his remarks, Stephen's College and its students went on to apologise to Hansraj College and extended a hand of friendship.
In the Rajya Sabha in August 2013, Samajwadi Party MP Naresh Agarwal accused Aiyar of being a Pakistani spy, when he refused to discuss the recent murder of 5 Indian soldiers by the Pakistani Army and instead suggested discussing rising gas prices. Aiyar reacted sharply and tried to assault Agarwal.
He in an interview days before the run up to the 2014 Parliament elections in India, said that a tea seller (The Prime Ministerial candidate Narendra Modi of the BJP) can never become the Prime Minister of India, but can sell tea in AICC meetings. His comment was disowned by the congress saying it's his personal view and not the party's view. Rahul Gandhi asked him not to make personal attacks.
In 2015, there was widespread demand for sedition charges against Aiyar for an interview with a Dawn News while visiting Pakistan. Aiyar is said to have suggested that Pakistan remove Prime Minister Narendra Modi from power, to be able to continue peace talks between India and Pakistan. On February 16, 2018, Ashok Choudhary, the head of BJP's Kota district OBC wing filed a sedition and defamation case against Aiyer.
Mani Shankar Aiyer justified November 2015 Paris attacks as a response to France banning Hijab. He also justified Charlie Hebdo shooting as a backlash for the death of Muslims. His comments were disapproved by his own party members.
After sparking a political firestorm when he called Prime Minister Narendra Modi a "neech aadmi", a casteist slur meaning "sub-human" or "lowly person". Subsequently, he was suspended from the party's primary membership. Aiyar said the comments by the PM showed his "low-level mindset and one bereft of any manners". "Mujhko lagta hai ki ye aadmi bahut neech kisam ka aadmi hai, isme koi sabhyata nahi hai. Aise mauke par is kisam ki gandi rajniti karne ki kya avashyakta hai? (This shows the low-level mindset of the PM and one bereft of any manners. What is the need of doing such dirty politics on such an occasion)," ANI quoted Aiyar as saying. Due to this comment the Congress party suspended his primary party membership. After his suspension, he justified his derogatory remarks by adding "My Hindi is not very good. Yes, I called Modi 'neech' but did not mean it as a low-born; I meant it as low,". He has a history of controversial statements against the former PM Atal Bihari Vajpayee. However his suspension has been revoked by Congress President Mr. Rahul Gandhi on 18.08.2018.
Aiyar has written seven books –
- Remembering Rajiv, Rupa & Co., New Delhi, 1992.
- One Year in Parliament, Konark, New Delhi, 1993.
- Pakistan Papers, UBSPD, New Delhi, 1994.
- Knickerwallahs, Silly-Billies and Other Curious Creatures, UBS Publishers, 1995.
- Rajiv Gandhi's India, 4 vols. (General Editor), UBSPD New Delhi, 1997.
- Confessions of a Secular Fundamentalist, Penguin, 2004.
- A Time of Transition: Rajiv Gandhi to the 21st Century, Penguin, 2009.
- "IIMUN". www.iimun.in.
- "Read Manto's fiction to grasp Indianness". HT Mint. 9 March 2013. Retrieved 9 March 2013.
- 'History of the Weekly' published by The Doon School (2009) p.33
- "'The IB ultimately came to the conclusion that I was indeed a Marxist, but of the Groucho variety'". Tete-a-tete. Calcutta, India: The Telegraph – Calcutta (Kolkata). 18 May 2008.
- Shukla, Ajai (20 August 2014). "New Delhi's new red line on Indo-Pak dialogue" – via Business Standard.
- "Islamabad Diary". outlookindia.com.
- Detailed Profile: Shri Mani Shankar Aiyar
- Aiyar, Suranya. "Lawyer".
- Aiyar, Yamini ManiSankar. "Director".
- Aiyar, Sana. "Assistant Professor". Assistant Professor.
- "From justifying Paris attack to calling MPs animals: 5 instances when Mani Shankar Aiyar caused a furor". DailyBhaskar. 2015-01-09. Retrieved 2017-06-05.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 8 July 2011. Retrieved 25 October 2010.
- "'Don't invite the likes of Mani. If you must, limit them to two pegs' – The Times of India". The Times Of India.
- "You have shamed a democratic-secular India, Mr. PM!, The Milli Gazette, Vol.5 No.18, MG112 (16–30 Sep 04)". milligazette.com.
- "India vs. China as a Global Sporting Events Host". Bloomberg BusinessWeek. 2008-09-19. Retrieved 2010-07-04
- "Delhi loses bid to host 2014 Asian Games". Outlook India. 2007-04-17. Retrieved 2010-07-04.
- "Aiyar mocks Hans Raj again, belittles Kirori Mal too – The Times of India". The Times Of India.
- "Why Maninkar Aiyar tried to attack SP leader Naresh Agarwal in Rajya Sabha". First Post. 6 August 2013.
- "Modi can never become PM, can sell tea: Mani Shankar Aiyar". The Indian Express. 2014-01-17. Retrieved 2017-06-08.
- "Congress disapproves of Mani Shankar Aiyar's 'tea vendor' remarks against Narendra Modi". NDTV.com. Retrieved 2017-06-08.
- "Rahul disapproves of Aiyar's 'chaiwala' jibe at Modi – Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2017-06-08.
- "Mani Shankar Aiyar's remarks are seditious, Sonia Gandhi should apologise: BJP". DNA India. 18 November 2015.
- "Sedition case filed against Mani Shankar Aiyar". The Economic Times. 16 February 2018.
- "Congress leader Mani Shankar Aiyar justifies Charlie Hebdo killing, Twitter declares war". Retrieved 2017-06-05.
- "Congress leader Mani Shankar Aiyar offers justification for Paris terror attack, terms it 'backlash' | Latest News & Updates at Daily News & Analysis". dna. 2015-01-08. Retrieved 2017-06-05.
- "Mani Shankar Aiyar justifies Paris terror attacks, says it is response to France banning Hijab". News18. Retrieved 2017-06-05.
- "Mani Shankar Aiyar justifies Charlie Hebdo attack, gets slammed on Twitter". Firstpost. 2015-01-09. Retrieved 2017-06-05.
- "Shocker! Congress leader Mani Shankar Aiyar defends Charlie Hebdo attack | Tehelka Web Desk | Tehelka - Investigations, Latest News, Politics, Analysis, Blogs, Culture, Photos, Videos, Podcasts". www.tehelka.com. Retrieved 2017-06-09.
- "Cong disapproves of Mani Shankar Aiyar's remark on Paris attacks". hindustantimes.com/. 2015-11-17. Retrieved 2017-06-05.
- "Ambedkar row: Mani Shankar Aiyar calls Modi 'neech aadmi', PM terms it a 'Mughlai mindset'". indianexpress.com. 7 December 2017.
- "Mani Shankar Aiyar calls Modi 'neech'; suspended from Congress - Times of India ►". indiatimes.com.
- Satish Padmanabhan, Mani Shankar Aiyar, David Davidar, Mukul Kesavan, Nilanjana Roy and Sunil Sethi (January 12, 2015). "Word Psmiths in the city : book jacket on my sleeve". Outlook. 55 (1): 26–36. Retrieved 2016-01-06.
- Mani Shankar Aiyar, David Davidar, Mukul Kesavan, Nilanjana Roy and Sunil Sethi (January 12, 2015). "Ink, mortar and canon". Outlook. 55 (1): 40–66. Retrieved 2016-01-06.
- Biography at Indian Sports Ministry website
- Article in The Economic Times about him dated 23 May 2004.
- Information as a member of 14th Lok Sabha on website of Lok Sabha
- Quote on cnn.com
- Speech to business leaders on poverty and growth
- Mani Shankar Aiyer Statement Regarding Terrorism
|New title|| Minister of Panchayati Raj
C. P. Joshi
| Minister of Petroleum and Natural Gas