Manicaland, Province of Zimbabwe
|• Total||36,459 km2 (14,077 sq mi)|
The province is bordered by Mashonaland East Province to the north, the Republic of Mozambique to the east, Masvingo Province to the south and southwest and Midlands Province to the west. The provincial capital, Mutare (pop:184,205), lies approximately 265 kilometres (165 mi), by road, southeast of Harare, the capital of Zimbabwe and the largest city in that country.
The name derives from the fact that the area has been occupied in recent history by the Manyika people. The Manyika are a Shona sub-tribal grouping with their own language variant, the Manyika language.
The province is subdivided into seven rural districts and three town/councils:
- Mutare (in the center)
- Nyanga (in the northeast of the province).
- Mutare City Council
- Chipinge Town Council
- Makoni Town Council
|Source: Zimbabwe National Statistics Agency (ZIMSTAT)|
Manicaland is the second most populated province in Zimbabwe. It has a population of about 1,755,000 which constitutes about 13.5% of the country's total population.
The people of Manicaland speak Shona, but different districts have own sub-dialects. For example, Mutasa District uses the Manyika sub-dialect. In Makoni District, the people use the Maungwe dialect, Chipinge, the Ndau and Mutare, the Bocha and Jindwi dialects.
A great number of the population practise their own traditional way of worshipping, but many also practice Christianity (about 65%). The majority falling under the traditional churches: Methodist Church, Seventh-day Adventist Church, the Anglican Church and the Roman Catholic Church. The Pentecostal churches have large followings in the urban areas of Mutare and a few other growth points. Some gatherings fall under the Apostolic Churches, with a notably higher proportion of the Apostolic followers in Mutare and Buhera district. Polygamy is quite prevalent among church members.
Schools in Manicaland
Manicaland boasts of some of the best performing schools in the country. Schools such as St Augastines (Tsambe), St Faith's School, Rusape (Fisco-'Madetere') (Currently the best performing school 2012 at 'O' level and 'A' level in Zimbabwe), Marist Brothers (Nyanga High), St Marys, Bonda High, Emmanuel High, Kriste Mambo, Mutare Boys' High School, Mutare Girls High (The Shumbas), St Dominics Mutare, Marange High, Hartzell High, Lydia Chimonyo, Sakubva High, Dangamvura High. These have produced exceptional results over the years and a great number of academics renowned internationally.
The privately run Africa University provides some relief (albeit to a lesser extent), but it simply cannot absorb the huge numbers of school leavers with high grades.
In general, there is a school within a 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) radius across Manicaland. There are numerous primary and secondary schools scattered across the province. The distribution of schools by district is shown in the table below.
Places of interest
- Troutbeck, Manicaland
- Marange diamond fields
- Hot Springs
- Osborne Dam
- Smallbridge Dam
- Birchenough Bridge
- Mutarazi Falls and "Mudhebdheb" suspension bridges
- "Population Census National Report 2012" (PDF). Zimbabwe National Statistics. Retrieved 9 April 2017.
- Surface Area of Manicaland District Archived 2013-12-17 at the Wayback Machine.
- Estimated Population of Manicaland Province In 2004
- Map of Provinces of Zimbabwe
- Estimated Population of Mutare In 2004
- Road Distance Between Harare And Mutare With Map
- Manicaland Regional Education Office, 2004.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Manicaland Province.|
- Energy Sector Background for Manicaland Province
- Manicaland Publicity Association
- The Catholic Church In Manicaland 1896-1996