Manihot

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Manihot
Manihot palmata.jpg
Manihot palmata
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Subfamily: Crotonoideae
Tribe: Manihoteae
Genus: Manihot
Mill. 1754 not Adans. 1763[1]
Type species
Manihot esculenta
Crantz.[2][3]
Synonyms[4]

Hotnima A.Chev.
Janipha Kunth
Mandioca Link
Manihotoides D.J.Rogers & Appan[1]

Manihot is a genus in the diverse milkspurge family, Euphorbiaceae. It was described as a genus in 1754.[5][3]

Species of Manihot are monecious trees, shrubs and a few herbs that are native to the Americas, from Arizona in the United States south to Argentina and Uruguay.[4] The best known member of this genus is the widely cultivated cassava (Manihot esculenta).[6]

Manihot species are used as food plants by the larvae of some species of Lepidoptera including Endoclita sericeus and Hypercompe hambletoni.

Species[4]
  1. Manihot acuminatissima Müll.Arg.Goiás, Bahia
  2. Manihot aesculifolia (Kunth) Pohl – Mexico, Central America
  3. Manihot alutacea D.J.Rogers & AppanGoiás
  4. Manihot angustiloba (Torr.) Müll.Arg. – Mexico, Arizona
  5. Manihot anisophylla (Griseb.) Müll.Arg. – N Argentina
  6. Manihot anomala Pohl – South America
  7. Manihot attenuata Müll.Arg. - Goiás
  8. Manihot auriculata McVaughJalisco, Nayarit
  9. Manihot baccata AllemFr Guiana, NE Brazil
  10. Manihot brachyandra Pax & K.Hoffm. – Bahia
  11. Manihot brachyloba Müll.Arg.Central Amer, Dominican Rep, N South America
  12. Manihot brevilobaSergipe
  13. Manihot caerulescens Pohl – Brazil, Paraguay
  14. Manihot carthagenensis (Jacq.) Müll.Arg. – N South America, Trinidad, Curaçao
  15. Manihot catingae UleBahia, Minas Gerais
  16. Manihot caudata Greenm. – N Mexico
  17. Manihot cecropiifoliaGoiás, Distrito Federal
  18. Manihot chlorosticta Standl. & Goldman – Mexico
  19. Manihot compositifolia AllemBahia
  20. Manihot condensata D.J.Rogers & Appan – Bolivia
  21. Manihot corymbiflora Pax & K.Hoffm.Rio de Janeiro
  22. Manihot crassisepala Pax & K.Hoffm.México State, Morelos, Jalisco
  23. Manihot crotalariiformis PohlMinas Gerais
  24. Manihot davisiae CroizatArizona, Sonora, Chihuahua, Sinaloa
  25. Manihot diamantinensis AllemBahia
  26. Manihot dichotoma Ule – NE Brazil
  27. Manihot divergens PohlGoiás, Distrito Federal, Minas Gerais
  28. Manihot epruinosa Pax & K.Hoffm.Piauí, Ceará, Paraíba, Pernambuco, Bahia
  29. Manihot esculenta Crantz – from Mexico to Brazil
  30. Manihot falcata D.J.Rogers & AppanGoiás, Distrito Federal
  31. Manihot filamentosa Pittier – NW Venezuela
  32. Manihot flemingiana D.J.Rogers & AppanMato Grosso
  33. Manihot foetida (Kunth) Pohl – C + N Mexico
  34. Manihot fortalezensis Nassar, D.G.Ribeiro, Bomfim & P.T.C.GomesCeará
  35. Manihot fruticulosa (Pax) D.J.Rogers & Appan – Brazil
  36. Manihot gabrielensis AllemGoiás
  37. Manihot gracilis Pohl – Paraguay, Brazil
  38. Manihot grahamii Hook. – S Brazil, N Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay
  39. Manihot guaranitica Chodat & Hassl. – N Argentina, Paraguay, Bolivia
  40. Manihot handroana CruzMinas Gerais
  41. Manihot hassleriana – Paraguay
  42. Manihot heptaphylla UleBahia
  43. Manihot hilariana Baill.Minas Gerais
  44. Manihot hunzikeriana Mart.Crov.Rio Grande do Sul, Misiones
  45. Manihot inflata Müll.Arg.São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Paraná
  46. Manihot irwinii D.J.Rogers & AppanGoiás
  47. Manihot jacobinensis Müll.Arg.Mato Grosso, Bahia
  48. Manihot janiphoides Müll.Arg.São Paulo, Minas Gerais
  49. Manihot jolyana CruzSão Paulo
  50. Manihot leptophylla Pax – NW South America
  51. Manihot longepetiolata PohlGoiás, Minas Gerais
  52. Manihot maracasensis UleBahia
  53. Manihot marajoara HuberPará, Amapá
  54. Manihot mcvaughii V.W.Steinm.Michoacán
  55. Manihot membranacea Pax & K.Hoffm.Mato Grosso
  56. Manihot michaelis McVaughColima, Jalisco
  57. Manihot mirabilis Pax – Paraguay
  58. Manihot mossamedensis Taub.Goiás
  59. Manihot nana Müll.Arg.Goiás, Minas Gerais
  60. Manihot neusana NassarParaná
  61. Manihot nogueirae AllemDistrito Federal
  62. Manihot oaxacana D.J.Rogers & AppanOaxaca
  63. Manihot obovata J.Jiménez Ram.Guerrero
  64. Manihot oligantha Pax & K.Hoffm.Goiás
  65. Manihot orbicularis PohlGoiás
  66. Manihot palmata Müll.Arg.Rio de Janeiro
  67. Manihot pauciflora BrandegeePuebla, Oaxaca
  68. Manihot paviifolia PohlGoiás
  69. Manihot peltata PohlGoiás
  70. Manihot pentaphylla Pohl – Brazil, Paraguay
  71. Manihot peruviana Müll.Arg.Loreto, San Martin
  72. Manihot pilosa Pohl – E Brazil
  73. Manihot pohliana Müll.Arg.Bahia
  74. Manihot pohlii WawraEspírito Santo, Rio de Janeiro
  75. Manihot populifolia Pax – Paraguay
  76. Manihot pringlei S.WatsonTamaulipas, San Luis Potosí, Querétaro
  77. Manihot procumbens Müll.Arg.Minas Gerais, São Paulo, Paraguay
  78. Manihot pruinosa PohlMato Grosso, Goiás
  79. Manihot pseudoglaziovii Pax & K.Hoffm.Ceará, Pernambuco, Rio Grande do Norte, Paraíba
  80. Manihot purpureocostata PohlGoiás
  81. Manihot pusilla PohlGoiás
  82. Manihot quinquefolia PohlBahia
  83. Manihot quinqueloba PohlMato Grosso, Goiás
  84. Manihot quinquepartita Huber ex D.J.Rogers & AppanAmapá, Pará, Maranhão, Mato Grosso
  85. Manihot reniformis PohlBahia
  86. Manihot reptans PaxGoiás, Minas Gerais
  87. Manihot rhomboidea Müll.Arg. – Mexico, Central America
  88. Manihot rubricaulis I.M.Johnst. – Mexico
  89. Manihot sagittatopartita PohlBahia, Goiás, Minas Gerais
  90. Manihot salicifolia PohlMato Grosso, Goiás
  91. Manihot sparsifolia PohlGoiás
  92. Manihot stipularis PaxDistrito Federal, Goiás
  93. Manihot stricta Baill. – Peru, Mato Grosso, Goiás
  94. Manihot subspicata Rogers & AppanCoahuila, Nuevo León, Tamaulipas
  95. Manihot surinamensis D.J.Rogers & Appan – Venezuela, the 3 Guianas
  96. Manihot tenella Müll.Arg.São Paulo, Paraguay
  97. Manihot tomatophylla Standl.Morelos, Jalisco, Michoacán
  98. Manihot tomentosa PohlGoiás, Minas Gerais
  99. Manihot triloba (Sessé) McVaugh ex Miranda – Mexico
  100. Manihot tripartita (Spreng.) Müll.Arg. – Brazil, Paraguay
  101. Manihot triphylla PohlDistrito Federal, Goiás, Minas Gerais
  102. Manihot tristis Müll.Arg. – Venezuela, the 3 Guianas, N Brazil
  103. Manihot variifolia Pax & K.Hoffm.Paraguay
  104. Manihot violacea Pohl – Brazil
  105. Manihot walkerae Croizat – Texas, Tamaulipas
  106. Manihot websteri D.J.Rogers & AppanPuebla, Oaxaca
  107. Manihot weddelliana Baill.Goiás
  108. Manihot xavantinensis D.J.Rogers & AppanMato Grosso
  109. Manihot zehntneri UleBahia
  110. Manihot pulchrifolius M.J. Silva – Brazil
variety treated as a species
  1. Manihot carthaginensis subsp. glaziovii = Manihot glaziovii (Müll.Arg.) Allem
formerly included[4]

moved to Aleurites Cnidoscolus Jatropha

  1. M. curcas – Jatropha curcas
  2. M. diversifolia – Jatropha diversifolia
  3. M. gossypiifolia – Jatropha gossypiifolia
  4. M. herbacea – Cnidoscolus urens
  5. M. moluccana – Aleurites moluccanus
  6. M. multifida – Jatropha multifida
  7. M. spinosissima – Cnidoscolus vitifolius
  8. M. urens – Cnidoscolus urens

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Genus: Manihot Mill". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2004-03-31. Retrieved 2011-05-06.
  2. ^ lectotype designated by R.A. Howard, Fl. Lesser Antilles 5: 64 (1989)
  3. ^ a b Tropicos, Manihot Mill.
  4. ^ a b c d Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  5. ^ Miller, Philip. 1754. Gardeners Dictionary...Abridged...fourth edition vol. 2
  6. ^ Second, G; C. Iglesias (2001). "Chapter 11: The State of the Use of Cassava Genetic Diversity and a Proposal to Enhance it". In H. David Cooper, Charlie Spillane. Broadening the Genetic Base of Crop Production. CABI. pp. 202–203. ISBN 978-0-85199-411-6.

External links[edit]

Media related to Manihot at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Manihot at Wikispecies