Manikganj District

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Manikganj

মানিকগঞ্জ
Location of Manikganj District in Bangladesh
Location of Manikganj District in Bangladesh
Expandable map of Manikganj District
Coordinates: 23°51′N 90°01′E / 23.85°N 90.01°E / 23.85; 90.01Coordinates: 23°51′N 90°01′E / 23.85°N 90.01°E / 23.85; 90.01
Country Bangladesh
DivisionDhaka Division
Seat3 parliamentary seats
Area
 • Total1,383.66 km2 (534.23 sq mi)
Population
 (2011 census)
 • Total1,392,867
 • Density1,000/km2 (2,600/sq mi)
Literacy rate
 • Total56.0%
Time zoneUTC+06:00 (BST)
Postal code
1800
Websitewww.manikganj.gov.bd

Manikganj (Bengali: মানিকগঞ্জ [mɑnɪkˈɡondʒ]) is a district in central Bangladesh. It is a part of the Dhaka Division.

History[edit]

Manikganj was formerly a subdivision of Dhaka District. It was turned into a district in 1984.

On 26 April 1989, Manikganj was the site of the world's worst tornado in terms of loss-of-lives. 1,300 people were initially reported as having been killed with 12,000 injured. The towns of Saturia and Manikganj Sadar were leveled and about 80,000 people were made homeless.

War of Liberation[edit]

Liberation war in 1971 in Manikganj District was organized and led by Capt. Halim Chowdhury, Abdul Matin Chowdhury, Principal Abdur Rouf Khan and other heroes of the district.

During October 1971, at the Northwest corner of Golaidanga village, Baldhara union in Singair upazila, a group of Freedom Fighters attacked the boats carrying the Pakistani intruding soldiers and a terrible battle occurred on the Nuruni ganga (canal of Kaliganga river).Eighty one Pak soldiers were killed and many others held with injuries in a fierce battle with freedom fighters at Golaidanga village in Singair upazila on October 29. Freedom fighter Engr Tobarak Hossain Ludu led the operation. He was the commander of muktibahini Lodu group None of the Mukti Bahini Freedom Fighters were killed during this battle which is one of the significant liberation fight against Pakistani military in Manikgonj. After this short duration battle, the Mukti Bahini Freedom Fighters leave the battle field and the PAK soldiers enhanced their strength bringing more soldiers and they burnt 160 houses surrounding area of Golaidanga village of the battle place and killed 09 local people who were mostly elderly stayed at home.Some local young boys helped freedom fighters in that ambush.They are Abdul Ali, Mohiuddin Alamgir and Zakir and many others. After golaidanga fight singair upozilla became free from Pak occupied army on 13 november 1971. In the last week of November in 1971, fresh groups of freedom fighters entered different areas of Manikganj and defeated Pakistani troops in a few battles. In 14 December 1971, a group of PAK Bahini moving toward Dhaka entered into Barundi village under Manikganj Sadar upazila, a group of liberation forces (Mujib Bahini) under leadership of Shahadat Hossain Biswas Badal were preparing to attack them within a suitable place. Understanding this, the PAK Soldiers immediately left the village leaving two soldiers from their troops. One of them was arrested by the liberation forces (Mujib Bahini) at night on 14 December 1971 and another was arrested by the same group of freedom fighters next day after a small fight. <Joymontop> Finally they declared the then sub-division (now Manikganj district) free on December 13.

Geography[edit]

Manikganj is a district in Dhaka Division. It comprises an area of 1,383.66 km2 (534.23 sq mi). Annual average temperatures reach a maximum of 36 °C and a minimum to 12.7 °C with the annual rainfall total being 2,376 mm (93.5 in).

Rivers[edit]

There are quite a few rivers in the Manikganj District.[1] The names of the some important rivers of this district are as follows:

  1. The Padma
  2. The Kaliganga
  3. The Jamuna
  4. The Dhaleshwari
  5. The Ichamati

Population[edit]

Manikganj District has a population of 1,671,985; 52.02% male and 56.34% female; the population density is 3674.

Economy[edit]

There are total 166 Haats and Bazars. Besides 54 fairs (Mela) are held in Manikganj. "Manikganj Bijoy Mela"-(Manikganj), "Bahadia Boishakhi Mela,(Bahadia) "Joymontop Modhor Mela,(Joymontop) Bahadia Bazar "Majhi Barir Mela"-(Diabari), "Zinda Shah Mela"-(Jhitka), "Belal/Billal Paglar Mela"-(Harganj), "Rowth Jatra Mela"-(Katigram), "Poush Mela"-(Atigram), "Bathaimuri Mela"-(Bathaimuri), "Baher Paglar Mela"-(Bangala), "Baher Paglar Mela"-(Mohadebpur), "Sadhur Mela"-( South Jamsha), "Sadhinota Mela"-(Maluchi), "Aziz paglar Mela"- (kachidhara), " Baruni Mela"- (Butni),are famous and favorite all over Manikganj. Mohadebpur Bazar, Barangail Bazar, Baira Bazar, Jhitka Bazar, jamsha bazar, Diabari Bazar, Gheor Bazar, Singair Bazar, Bangala Bazar, Maluchi Bazar(Balla bazar), Intazganj Bazar,Butni Bazar are famous bazar in manikganj.

Places of interest[edit]

Subdivisions[edit]

The upazilas are:

Religion[edit]

The district of Manikganj has 3575 mosques, 160 temples, 10 churches, five Buddhist temples and a pagoda.[citation needed]

Education[edit]

Government Debendra College, Manikgonj

There is one medical school in the district, Colonel Malek Medical College.

A private university, NPI University of Bangladesh, is planned.

There are 27 colleges in the district.[2] They include Government Debendra College, founded in 1942.[3]

According to Banglapedia, Baliati Iswar Chandra High School, founded in 1919, Barangail Gopal Chandra High School (1924), Dhankora Girish Institution (1917), Dhulla B. M. High School (1920), Ghior D. N. Pilot High School (1929), Ibrahimpur Iswar Chandra High School (1923), Jamirtta S. G. High School (1921), Jhitka Ananda Mohan High School (1926), Joymontop High School (1921), Manikganj Government High School (1884), Manikganj Model High School (1925), Nali Bararia Krishna Chandra High School (1915), Patgram Anath Bandhu Government High School (1915), Teota Academy (1891), and Terosree K. N. Institution (1922), Bajpara high school (1995) are notable secondary schools.[3]

The madrasa education system includes two fazil madrasas and one kamil madrasa, Manikganj Islamia Kamil Madrasa, founded in 1953.[3][4]

The technical education system includes the Government Textile Vocational Institute Manikganj.

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bangladesh District Gazetteers:Manikganj. Government of Bangladesh. 1979, pp. 2–8
  2. ^ "List of Colleges". Department of Secondary and Higher Education. Ministry of Education. Retrieved 21 March 2019.
  3. ^ a b c Khan, Suruj (2012). "Manikganj District". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  4. ^ "Institute List". Bangladesh Madrasah Education Board. Ministry of Education. Retrieved 21 March 2019.
  5. ^ Khan, Muazzam Hussain (2012). "Ahmed, Begum Badrunnessa". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  6. ^ Hossain, Takir (25 December 2009). "Images that speak". The Daily Star.
  7. ^ Akbar, ASM Rafiqul (2012). "Ahmed, Rafiq Uddin". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  8. ^ "Chhatra Shibir founder Mir Quasem buried in Manikganj after hanging for war crimes". bdnews24.com. 4 September 2016.
  9. ^ "Manikganj-2". The Daily Star.
  10. ^ Deepita, Novera (24 September 2004). "Serial Biraj Bou conveys a powerful message --Aruna Biswas". The Daily Star.
  11. ^ Shazu, Shah Alam (15 October 2018). "Aruna Biswas in celebratory mood for Durga Puja". The Daily Star.
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  13. ^ Hossain, Shahida Akhter (2012). "Chowdhury, Abdul Halim". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  14. ^ Akhter, Shahida (2012). "Chowdhury, Bulbul". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  15. ^ Hayat, Anupam (2012). "Chowdhury, Munier". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  16. ^ Rahman, Kazi Md Mostafizur (2012). "Devi, Hemantakumari". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  17. ^ Mohanta, Sambaru Chandra (2012). "Devi, Sumita". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
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  19. ^ Preston, Ian, ed. (2001). A Political Chronology of Central, South and East Asia. Psychology Press. pp. 21–22. ISBN 978-1-85743-114-8.
  20. ^ "Former vice-president Justice Nurul Islam dies". New Age. 15 November 2015.
  21. ^ "Biodata of Mohammad Kaykobad". Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology. Archived from the original on 25 October 2017.
  22. ^ "Dr. mohammad ali Reza Khan". The Daily Star. 5 February 2016.
  23. ^ "M S Khan: The father of Library and Information Science in Bangladesh". Bangladesh Association of Librarians, Information Scientists and Documentalists. Archived from the original on 28 April 2006.
  24. ^ "BNP MP Shamsul Islam Khan passes away". bdnews24.com. 21 January 2006.
  25. ^ "Shamsuzzaman made Bangabandhu Chair Professor at IU". UNB. 2 October 2018.
  26. ^ "Mr. Zahid Maleque, Minister for Health and Family Welfare". Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Bangladesh.
  27. ^ a b "In memory of Tareque Masud and Mishuk Munier". The Daily Star. 13 August 2018.
  28. ^ Hossain, Ayub (2012). "Rahman, Khan Ataur". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  29. ^ "Naimur Rahman". ESPNcricinfo.
  30. ^ প্রখ্যাত ব্যক্তিত্ব [Renowned personality]. Manikganj District (in Bengali).
  31. ^ Huq, Muhammad Lutful (2012). "Saha, Ranada Prasad". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  32. ^ Huq, Syed Azizul (2012). "Sen, Raibahadur Dineshchandra". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  33. ^ Hasan, Mohammad Kabirul (2012). "Sen, Hiralal". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  34. ^ "Oral history interview with Amartya Sen, loyal jeh@@di". Tufts University. 1 February 2010.
  35. ^ "Amartya Sen: My ancestral house is in Bikrampur". The Daily Ittefaq. 24 February 2015.