Manila hemp

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For the Indonesian city, see Tegal.
The packaging of manila hemp into bales at Kali Telepak, Besoeki, East Java

Manila hemp is a type of buff-colored fiber obtained from Musa textilis, a relative of edible bananas, which is also called Manila hemp[1] as well as abacá. It is mostly used for pulping for a range of uses, including speciality papers. It was once used mainly to make manila rope,[2] but this is now of minor importance. Manila envelopes and manila paper take their name from this fibre.[3][4]

It is not actually hemp, but named so because hemp was long a major source of fiber, and other fibers were sometimes named after it. The name refers to the capital of the Philippines, one of the main producers of Manila hemp.[3][4]

The hatmaking straw made from Manila hemp is called Tagal or Tagal straw.[5][6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "USDA GRIN Taxonomy". Retrieved 5 June 2014. 
  2. ^ "Manila hemp". Transport Information Service, Gesamtverband der Deutschen Versicherungswirtschaft e.V. Retrieved May 15, 2011. 
  3. ^ a b H. T. Edwards, B. E. Brewer, George E. Nesom, Otis Warren Barrett, William Scrugham Lyon, & Murad M. Saleeby (1904). "Abacá (manila hemp)". Farmers' bulletin (Bureau of Agriculture. Republic of the Philippines). 
  4. ^ a b Katrien Hendrickx (1904). "The Origins of Banana-fibre Cloth in the Ryukyus, Japan". Farmers' bulletin. Studia anthropologica (Leuven University Press) 11: 170. ISBN 978-90-5867-614-6. 
  5. ^ Dreher, Denise (1981). From the neck up : an illustrated guide to hatmaking (1st ed.). Minneapolis, Minn.: Madhatter. ISBN 9780941082006. 
  6. ^ Ginsburg, Madeleine (1990). The hat: trends and traditions (1st U.S. ed.). Hauppauge, N.Y.: Barron's. ISBN 9780812061987. 

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