Manilal Gandhi

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Manilal Gandhi
Born(1892-10-28)28 October 1892
Rajkot, British India
Died5 April 1956(1956-04-05) (aged 63)
Durban, South Africa
Spouse(s)Sushila Mashruwala (1927–1956)
Children3, including Arun Manilal and Ela
Parent(s)Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
Kasturba Gandhi

Manilal Mohandas Gandhi (28 October 1892 – 5 April 1956)[1][2] was the second son of Mohandas Gandhi and Kasturba Gandhi. Manilal was born in Rajkot, British India. In 1897 Manilal travelled to South Africa for the first time, where he spent time working at the Phoenix Ashram near Durban. After a brief visit to India, in 1917 Manilal returned to South Africa to assist in printing the Indian Opinion a Gujarati-English weekly publication, at Phoenix, Durban. By 1918, Manilal was doing most of the work for the press and took over in 1920 as editor. Like his father, Manilal was also sent to prison several times by the British colonial government after protesting against unjust laws. He remained editor until 1956, the year of his death.[3] Manilal died from a cerebral thrombosis following a stroke.


In 1927, Manilal married Sushila Mashruwala (24 August 1907–1988),[4] and had two daughters, Sita (b. 1928) and Ela (b. 1940), and one son, Arun (b. 1934). Arun and Ela are also social-political activists. Uma D. Mesthrie, Sita's daughter, recently published a biography on Manilal.[5]



  1. ^ "Library of Congress LCCN Permalink n90712835". Retrieved 2018-10-17.
  2. ^ Dhupelia-Mesthrie: Gandhi’s Prisoner? The Life of Gandhi’s Son Manilal, p. 384
  3. ^ "Manilal Gandhi Dead". The Indian Express. Press Trust of India. 6 April 1956. pp. 1, 8. Retrieved 19 February 2018.
  4. ^ Prasad, Archana (21 August 2013). "Remembering Sushila Gandhi 1907-1988". Archived from the original on 19 May 2016. Retrieved 19 February 2018.
  5. ^ Uma Dhupelia Mesthrie, Gandhi’s Prisoner? The Life of Gandhi’s Son Manilal. (Permanent Black: Cape Town, South Africa, 2003).

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