Manilkara hexandra

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Khirni, Palu, Palai, or Rayan
Manilkara hexandra 1.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Ericales
Family: Sapotaceae
Genus: Manilkara
Species: M. hexandra
Binomial name
Manilkara hexandra
(Roxb.) Dubard[1]
Synonyms

Mimusops hexandra Roxb. (basionym)[1][2]

Manilkara hexandra is a tree species in the tribe Sapoteae, in the Sapotaceae family. It is native to much of south Asia (China: Hainan and southern Guangxi provinces; the Indian Subcontinent: Bangladesh, India, and Sri Lanka; Indo-China: Cambodia, Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam.[1] Its vernacular names vary regionally; for example "Palu", "Palai" or "Rayan" (පලු) in Sinhalese.[3] It is locally known as the Khirni tree in parts of Bangladesh and India.[4][5] In the Tamizh language it is called Ulakkaippaalai or Kanuppaalai.[6]

Manilkara hexandra is a slow-growing but fairly large evergreen species. It grows in tropical and temperate forests. The tree typically attains some 12 to 25 metres tall and one to three metres in trunk circumference. The bark is grayish and rough.

The wood is hard, durable, and heavy; the density is variously reported as ranging from about 0.83 to 1.08 tonnes per cubic metre, partly depending on the degree of drying.[7] It is used for heavy structural work, gate posts, and big beams.[3] but also is used for turning and carpentry in spite of the difficulties of working with such dense wood.[8]

It is used as rootstock for Manilkara zapota, and its own fruit is edible.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Ann. Mus. Colon. Marseille ser. 3, 3:9, fig. 2. 1915 GRIN (March 17, 2008). "Manilkara hexandra information from NPGS/GRIN". Taxonomy for Plants. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland: USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Retrieved December 29, 2009. 
  2. ^ Pl. Coromandel 1:16, t. 15. 1795 GRIN (February 11, 2007). "Manilkara hexandra information from NPGS/GRIN". Taxonomy for Plants. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland: USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Retrieved December 29, 2009. 
  3. ^ a b Forest Department (1962). Timber and its uses. Sri Lanka. 
  4. ^ "Socio-economic and horticultural potential of Khirni [Manilkara hexandra (Roxb.) Dubard]: a promising underutilized fruit species of India". Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution. 59: 1255–1265. doi:10.1007/s10722-012-9863-1. 
  5. ^ http://www.fruitipedia.com/khirni.htm
  6. ^ "Manilkara hexandra (Roxb.) Dubard". India Biodiversity Portal. Retrieved 2016-11-03. 
  7. ^ The Wood Database [1]
  8. ^ Wood database: Workability [2]