Manilkara huberi

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Manilkara huberi
Frutos del níspero criollo.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Ericales
Family: Sapotaceae
Genus: Manilkara
Species: M. huberi
Binomial name
Manilkara huberi
(Ducke) A.Chev.

Manilkara huberi also known as masaranduba, níspero, and sapotilla is a fruit bearing plant of the genus Manilkara belonging to the Sapotaceae family.

Geographical distribution[edit]

M. huberi is native to large portions of South America, Central America and the Antilles, at elevations below 800 metres (2,600 ft) above sea level.

Description[edit]

M. huberi is a large tree, reaching heights of 30–55 metres (98–180 ft). The leaves are oblong, approximately 1–2 decimetres (3.9–7.9 in) in length, with yellow undersides.[1] The flowers are hermaphroditic; white with 3 sepals. The edible fruit is yellow and ovoid,[2] 3 centimetres (1.2 in) in diameter, containing one seed (or occasionally two).

Uses[edit]

The fruit of the M. huberi is similar to the sapodilla and is edible, with excellent flavor popular for use in desserts.

M. huberi produces an edible latex that can be harvested in a manner similar to the harvesting of the latex of the rubber tree (Hevea brasiliensis). The latex dries to an inelastic rubber, which is considered inferior to gutta-percha.

The latex from M. huberi is sometimes used to make golf ball covers. It is considered a good, but short-lived, cover, requiring frequent recoating, yet it is popular in tournaments.

The tree is also used for lumber in Puerto Rico. The wood is red and very hard, and is popular for use in furntiture making, construction, and railway ties. The wood is so dense that it does not float in water,[citation needed] and requires pre-drilling before nailing. The specific gravity of M. huberi wood is between 0.85 and 0.95 g/cm3.

Synonyms[edit]

Manilkara huberi is also known as:[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Características essenciais das folhas de Manilkara huberi" [Essential characteristics of the leaves of M. huberi]. Espécies Abóreas da Amazônia. Agência de Informação Embrapa. Retrieved 23 July 2012. 
  2. ^ "Flores de Manilkara huberi". Espécies Abóreas da Amazônia. Agência de Informação Embrapa. Retrieved 23 July 2012. 
  3. ^ "Manilkara huberi". Tropicos. Retrieved 23 July 2012. 

Further reading[edit]