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Manila Village, Louisiana, USA
Settlements such as Manila Village in Jefferson Parish and Saint Malo in St. Bernard Parish were founded in the mid-19th century (or earlier) and became home to Filipino sailors and laborers. The fishermen caught and dried their precious commodity, shrimp, for export to Asia, Canada, South America, and Central America. On July 24, 1870, the Spanish-speaking residents of St. Malo founded the first Filipino social club, called Sociedad de Beneficencia de los Hispano Filipinos, to provide relief and support for the group’s members, including the purchasing of burial places for their deceased.
Hurricanes eventually destroyed Saint Malo in 1915 and Manila Village in 1965.
In Jefferson Parish, Manila Plaza, located in front of Jean Lafitte Town Hall, holds several historical markers and commemorative plaques acknowledging important figures in the area's Filipino-American history. While there were several settlements scattered along the Louisiana coast in the late 1800s, Manila Village was the largest.
- Dried shrimp
- Town of Jean Lafitte, in Jefferson Parish (History)
- Saint Malo, in St. Bernard Parish, Louisiana
- Fred Cordova, Filipinos: Forgotten Asian Americans (Dubuque, IA: Kendall/ Hunt, 1983)
- Filipino Contributions Remembered with Historical Markers, Lara Arceneaux's blog article of July 12, 2013, at The Times-Picayune; accessed 22 March 2015.