Manimala

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Manimala
മണിമല
Village
Manimala River
Coordinates: 9°29′00″N 76°45′00″E / 9.483333°N 76.75°E / 9.483333; 76.75Coordinates: 9°29′00″N 76°45′00″E / 9.483333°N 76.75°E / 9.483333; 76.75
Country  India
State Kerala
District Kottayam
Named for Manimala river
Government
 • Type Panchayath
 • Body Manimala grama panchayath
Area
 • Total 37.53 km2 (14.49 sq mi)
Population (2001)
 • Total 21,504
 • Density 525/km2 (1,360/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Malayalam, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 686543
Telephone code 04828
Vehicle registration KL-34
Website [2]

Manimala (Malayalam: മണിമല) is a small town and a village in Kottayam district in the Indian state of Kerala, situated about 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) from the nearest town Kanjirappally.

Geography[edit]

The River Manimala is 92 kilometres (57 mi) long and is a tributary of the River Pamba.[citation needed] The area is mostly hilly with Kuranganmala, Varukunnu and Poovatholymala being the most important hills. Ponthenpuzha forest separates the village from Pathanamthitta district.

Climate[edit]

Manimala experiences a tropical climate with sufficient rainfalls in the months of June, July, August and October. Average annual precipitation here is 2820 mm. Humidity rises during the months of March and April. Average annual temperature is 31.14°C. Temperature falls during the end of year. The place also receives locally developed thundershowers.

Climate data for Manimala, Kerala
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 31.3
(88.3)
32.0
(89.6)
33.1
(91.6)
33.2
(91.8)
32.6
(90.7)
30.4
(86.7)
29.8
(85.6)
29.8
(85.6)
30.4
(86.7)
30.3
(86.5)
30.1
(86.2)
30.7
(87.3)
31.14
(88.05)
Average low °C (°F) 22.2
(72)
23.1
(73.6)
24.5
(76.1)
25.4
(77.7)
25.4
(77.7)
24.1
(75.4)
23.6
(74.5)
23.7
(74.7)
23.8
(74.8)
23.8
(74.8)
23.4
(74.1)
22.4
(72.3)
23.78
(74.81)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 22
(0.87)
39
(1.54)
65
(2.56)
159
(6.26)
280
(11.02)
517
(20.35)
516
(20.31)
361
(14.21)
263
(10.35)
327
(12.87)
212
(8.35)
59
(2.32)
2,820
(111.01)
Source: Climate-Data.org[1]

Education[edit]

Manimala is acclaimed for its high literacy rate and access to primary and secondary education facilities within walking distance. There are four high schools within 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) of the town center. They are C.C.M High School, Karikkattoor ; St.George High School, Manimala; Cardinal Padiyara Public School and K.J.C.M.H.S Pulikkallu. In recent years the schools have undergone significant modernisation with the installation of state of the art facilities such as IT and science labs. Also higher secondary schools such as C.C.M High School, Karikkattoor and St.George High School and Cardinal Padiyara school have benefited from the construction of modern school buildings and other facilities.

The village boasts hundred percent literacy rate. Girls are generally high achievers than boys at schools and universities. The people from all religions, mostly Syrian Christians, Hindus and Muslims live in harmony and peace in this village. The majestic Holy Magi's Forane church remains as a landmark structure at the centre of the village and the church tower (മണി മാളിക ) can be seen from many kilometres away from the village centre.

Economy[edit]

The village has many commercial banks such as Catholic Syrian Bank, Federal Bank ltd, Co-Operative Bank, and government owned State Bank of Travelcore. Access to modern health care is also possible through village based primary health centre and other seven modern hospitals within 16 kilometers. The River Manimala and the Manimala bridge are the two nostalgic symbols to the people of Manimala.

Access[edit]

Manimala has access to all major cities and inter national airports in Kerala through roadways. The nearest railway stations are at Kottayam, (district headquarters) and Changanacherry. Manimala lies on the main eastern highway (SH-8) in between Ponkunnam and Ranni. Both privately operated and state owned buses provides services to Manimala from dawn to dusk.

Also the proposed 'Erumely Airport' will be constructed by acquiring Cheruvally Estate which is nearly only five kilometers away from Manimala town centre

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 India census, Manimala had a population of 21053 of which 10213 are males and 10840 are females.[2] Majority are farmers whose main income comes from rubber plantations.[citation needed]. The farmers of Manimala are mostly Catholic Syrian Christians, who are the descendants of settler farmers who migrated to the region from Kanjirapally and Meenachil regions centuries ago.

Places of worship[edit]

There are many places to worship in the village, one of which is the Manimalkkavu Bhagavathi Temple, which at one point owned a lot of land in the area, which included the villages of Manimala and Vellavoor.

  • Manimalkkavu Bhagavathi Temple
  • Kulathumkal Sreedevi Temple,Manimala
  • Kadayanickadu Bhagavathy Temple
  • Kadayanickadu Dharmashastha Temple
  • Koodathingal Mahadeva Temple
  • Moongani Sree Dhrama Sastha temple
  • Holy Magi Forane Church (Pazhaya Palli - Archdiocese of Changanacherry)
  • St. Basil's Church (Puthan Palli - Archdiocese of Changanacherry)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "CLIMATE: MANIMALA", Climate-Data.org. Web: [1].
  2. ^ "Manimala Village Population - Kanjirappally - Kottayam, Kerala". www.census2011.co.in. Retrieved 2016-12-02.