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Directed by P. A. Backer
Produced by Cartoonist Thomas
Written by P. A. Backer (screenplay)
Sarah Thomas (story & dialogues)
Starring Harikeshan Thampi
Music by Devarajan
Cinematography Vipindas
Edited by Ravi Kiran
Release date
  • 30 April 1976 (1976-04-30)
Country India
Language Malayalam

Manimuzhakkam (lit. The Tolling of Bells) is a 1976 Malayalam-language film directed by P. A. Backer and starring Harikeshan Thampi, Veeran, Johnson, Sankaradi, Saritha, Urmila, Vani, Charulatha, Santhakumari and Meena Ganesh.[1][2] The film was scripted by Backer based on the novel Murippaadukal by Sarah Thomas.[3] It won the National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Malayalam and the Kerala State Film Award for Best Film. The film was shot in black-and-white even though colour films were common during those times.

Plot summary[edit]

Jose Paul is a young man brought up in a Roman Catholic orphanage and later transferred to his Hindu ancestral home, where he is subtly persuaded to conform to Hindu religious beliefs. The film chronicles Jose's attempts to establish an identity for himself in a situation full of conflicts.



  1. ^ Narwekar, Sanjit (1994). Directory of Indian film-makers and films. Flicks Books. p. 21. ISBN 978-0-313-29284-2. 
  2. ^ Ashish Rajadhyaksha, Paul Willemen (1999). Encyclopaedia of Indian cinema. British Film Institute. p. 50. ISBN 978-0-85170-455-5. 
  3. ^ J.Ajith Kumar (14 September 2004). "Writing for all of humanity ". The Hindu. Retrieved 20 January 2013.

External links[edit]