Maningrida languages

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Northern Territory
Linguistic classification: Arnhem languages
  • Maningrida
  • Guragone
  • Burarra
  • Ndjebbana
  • Nakkara
Glottolog: mani1293[1]
Maningrida languages (purple), among other non-Pama-Nyungan languages (grey)

Maningrida, also known as Burarran, is a small family of Australian Aboriginal languages spoken in northern Australia. It includes four languages, none closely related:

Green established the family by reconstructing the tense–aspect–mood inflections of Proto-Maningrida, and demonstrated common developments that set them apart from other Arnhem languages.[2][3]


  1. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Maningrida". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  2. ^ Rebecca Green, 2003. "Proto-Maningrida within Proto-Arnhem: evidence from verbal inflectional suffixes." In Nicholas Evans, ed. The Non-Pama-Nyungan languages of northern Australia.
  3. ^ Bowern & Koch, 2004. Australian Languages: Classification and the Comparative Method, p 44