Manipal

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Manipal
Town
The Greens of Manipal
The Greens of Manipal
Manipal is located in Karnataka
Manipal
Manipal
Coordinates: 13°20′49″N 74°47′17″E / 13.347°N 74.788°E / 13.347; 74.788Coordinates: 13°20′49″N 74°47′17″E / 13.347°N 74.788°E / 13.347; 74.788
Country  India
State Karnataka
District Udupi
Region Tulu Nadu
Area
 • Total 26 km2 (10 sq mi)
Elevation 73 m (240 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 34,370
 • Density 1,300/km2 (3,400/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Manipalite
Languages
 • Official Tulu, Kannada
 • Regional Tulu, Konkani
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 576 104
Telephone code 0820
ISO 3166 code IN-KA
Vehicle registration KA-20
Website karnataka.gov.in

Manipal (maṇipāl) is a town located in Udupi district in Karnataka, India and is administered by the Udupi City Municipality. It is located in the part of Coastal Karnataka, about 63 km (39 mi) north of Mangalore and 8 km (5.0 mi) east of the Arabian Sea. From its location on a plateau, it commands a panoramic view of the Arabian Sea to the west and the Western Ghats to the east.

Home to the Manipal University, the town attracts over twenty five thousand students every year.[1] It is one of the most cosmopolitan towns of India, attracting students and faculty from around 60 countries.[2] It is called the campus town by the locals.[3]

Manipal is also the international headquarters of the Syndicate Bank[4]. A regional information technology hub, Manipal has one of the highest densities of mobile phone users in India.[5]

Location[edit]

Situated 5 km (3.1 mi) east from the temple city of Udupi and 65 km (40 mi) north of Mangalore, Manipal was previously part of the Shivalli village panchayat. The name is derived from "mann" and "palla", anglicised to Manipal. Mann means "mud" and palla means "lake" in Tulu language. This lake, roughly a 400m diameter circle, after which Manipal is named, is located in the middle of the town, and used to offer boating facilities.

Manipal was once a barren hill with few trees. This hill was transformed to a university town by Dr. T. M. A. Pai, who first started the Kasturba Medical College in 1953, now a part of the university.[6]

Sunset, as seen from the outskirts of Manipal

Transport[edit]

Road[edit]

Manipal is connected to Mangalore and towns such as Udupi, Karkala and Kundapur by several bus services which run every few minutes. The town also has overnight bus services to cities including Bangalore, Hyderabad and Mumbai which are mainly run by private companies as well the government run KSRTC.

Rail[edit]

The nearest railway station is located about four kilometers west of Manipal in Udupi station (UD) on the Konkan railway line. Mangalore Central (MAQ) station, located in Mangalore 67 km south of the town is the nearest major railway station.

Air[edit]

The nearest international airport is Mangalore International Airport (formerly Bajpe Airport), which is located around 62 km (39 mi) south from Manipal, connecting it to Indian cities like Mumbai, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Chennai and Delhi, and internationally to the middle eastern countries like Oman, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. Pre-paid taxis are available to transport passengers to and fro Manipal and Udupi.

Buses also connect Manipal directly to the Kempegowda International Airport in Bangalore, to cater to the large number of international students studying at the university. KSRTC recently started "Flybus", a premium daily bus service from Manipal to Kempegowda International Airport in Bangalore.

Climate[edit]

From September to February, the weather in Manipal is tropical with daily temperatures averaging 27 °C (81 °F). From June to August, Manipal witnesses one of the most extreme monsoons in the world, with the annual precipitation ranging from 500–560 cm (200–220 in). The months of March to May are hot and humid, with the daily temperatures typically peaking at 35 °C (95 °F).[7]

Being away from large urban centres and the highly tropical climate of the town attracts a large number of birds, with 155 different species of birds being recorded in February 2015, including rarities such as the Tickell’s Thrush, Blue-eared Kingfisher and Slaty-breasted Rail. [8]

Education[edit]

Manipal gained prominence in the mid-1950s, when its founder Dr. T.M.A. Pai founded the Kasturba Medical College in 1953. He also founded the Manipal Institute of Technology in 1957, and later 21 other colleges, all of which became a part of Manipal University in 1993.[9]

Manipal is a major technology and medical research hub, with major conferences and seminars organised almost every week. Since the establishment of MUTBI, the in-house business incubator of the university, a large number of student-run technology and media startups have sprung up.

The Venugopal Temple, Manipal, India

T. A. Pai Management Institute, a business school unaffiliated with the university is also located in Manipal.

Places in and around Manipal[edit]

Tiger Circle, popularly referred to by its initials by the locals and the university community, is the main commercial center in Manipal. All the buses and taxis leave from here.

Manipal has a planetarium, TMA Pai Planetarium named after Dr. Pai. It is the second oldest planetarium in the state of Karnataka, after Bangalore’s Nehru Planetarium.

At one end of Manipal is End Point, which is a cliff overlooking the Swarna river. From this point, one can see the Arabian Sea in the western horizon and the Western Ghats in the eastern horizon.

On the other end, you have the Arbi Falls which is within 3 km of Manipal. It is advisable to visit the place only during the monsoons.

Udupi's Malpe beach is located about 10 km from Manipal. Udupi town is located about 5 km from Manipal. Udupi houses the Krishna Mutt, one of the most famous Krishna temples of the south. It is the center for the Dwaitha school of Vedanta philosophy.

Agumbe, a popular hill station on the Western Ghats, is around fifty kilometers east of Manipal and is frequented by the students. The major religious centre Sringeri is 88 kilometers from Manipal. Temple town of Kollur which houses the famous Mookambika temple is located just 75 km from Manipal. Many famous temples and religious places are located close to this small and beautiful town.

DC Office, Manipal

Manipal is nearly 15 Kilometers from Barkur.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mangalore a melting pot - Times of India". The Times of India. January 29, 2009. 
  2. ^ "Manipal: How a barren hillock in Mangalore has transformed into a university town". The Economic Times. 2016-02-01. Retrieved 2016-12-17. 
  3. ^ http://manipal.edu/mu/about-us/history.html
  4. ^ "Syndicate Bank - our Profile". Syndicate Bank's official website. 
  5. ^ "A cool crowd". The Hindu. 2006-02-23. Retrieved 2007-06-11. 
  6. ^ "Manipal Karnataka". Mapsofindia.com. Retrieved 2012-08-16. 
  7. ^ "Manipal Climate - Averages". 
  8. ^ "Birders record 155 species in Manipal - The Hindu". The Hindu (in Engilish). The Hindu. 
  9. ^ "Mix it like Manipal". indianexpress.com. Retrieved 2014-08-13. 

External links[edit]